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Abu Simbel Archaeological Site

Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel temple complex Archaeological Site is located on the shores of the lake Nasser in Egypt. Temple at Abu Simbel was entirely carved out of rock in the XIII century BC. This religious complex was dedicated to gods as a gratitude for the victory of Pharaoh Ramses II over the Hittites. On the facade of the temple tower four colossal statues of Ramses II, seated on his throne, complemented by carvings captives, symbolizing the union of Egypt.



Location: Lake Nasser   Map

Abu Simbel




Description of Abu Simbel Archaeological Site

The temple of Abu Simbel consists of four rooms with adjacent rooms on the sides. In the hypostyle hall visitors are greeted by god Osiris, with staff with a hook in one hand and a whip in another, topped by a crown. Both symbols, whip and a staff, were taken from daily life of shepherds. It was believed pharaoh had to tend for his herd of subjects and take care of them. The reliefs in the Hall of Ramses II depict defeated enemies of Egypt and religious observation of a deity.


Abu Simbel  Abu Simbel

As you go deeper in the last and smallest chamber of the underground temple you will find four stone statues of the gods Amun, Ra, Ptah, as well as most of Ramses II. The last statue was probably destroyed by vandals during one of the local uprising against the rule of pharaoh. Interestingly the statues of the gods are well preserved. If you visit the temple in Abu Simbel on February 22 or October 22 you will see how the sun will shine directly through all four chambers and hit the face of the Ramses II. The rest of the time in direct sunlight does not penetrate the last room. There is still no explanation why these days were important in the lives of legendary warrior pharaoh and Ancient Egyptians. It might be a date of his victory, or his birthday, or some other religious holiday.

   Abu Simbel            Abu Simbel

Nefertari's Temple   Temple of Ramses II

Abu Simbel  Abu Simbel  Abu Simbel









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