Feel free to leave your comments
below. If you want to share your knowledge, additional information
or experience in a particular place your input is more than
Abydos or Abidos
is situated 45 km (29 mi) Southwest of Sohag, Sohag Governorate
in Egypt. It was known in the ancient times as Tha Shard
or "The Great Land". For centuries it was one of the most
important and largest religious and cultural center of the
Location: 45 km (29 mi) Southwest of Sohag, Sohag Governorate
Description of Abydos Archaeological Site
Abydos was a site of cult of god Osiris, a lord of
the underworld. Thousands of pilgrims from Egypt and beyond
tried to make their way into Abydos to leave an offering. Unlike
monotheistic religions that we know today, ancient pagan cults
was not centered so much on a person himself or herself, but on
the actions and gifts he or she can deliver. In fact Egyptians
had interesting prayers in the Book of the Dead that begged
their hearts not to betray them then they will on their final
judgment. Lying and cheating your way into Heaven was a normal
One of the most impressive temples of Abydos was constructed
by Pharaoh Seti I from the XIX Dynasty. It was dedicated to the
seven great deities of Egypt. The central sanctuary of the
temple was dedicated to Amun- Ra. Just to the right of this
sanctuary is another sanctuary devoted to the triad of deities:
god Osiris himself, his wife Isis (fertility goddess) and their
son Horus. To the left of the central sanctuary was a sanctuary
devoted to Sun God Ra- Horahte and "lord of crafts" Ptah. This
seventh and last sanctuary was intended for funeral cult of the
pharaoh Seti himself. Additionally pious pharaoh did not forget
to mention 76 names of his ancestors that were supposed to be
remembered in the after life beginning with king Menes, the
founder of the dynasty. Egyptians put a huge emphasis on
remembering the name of the dead ones. In fact the worst
punishment you can inflict on your enemy is erasing his name.
You can find this kind of barbarism in many different sites all
around the Egypt.
During times of festivities numerous ships, boats and papyrus rafts made
their way from the Nile River through a spacious channel into the heart
of Abydos. Once people set their foot in the harbor they were greeted by
musicians, flowers girls and priests who stood at the top of the long
double staircase that led to the temple. Two copper covered doors were
opened and pilgrims could see the first courtyard. In the center of the
courtyard stood two round stone water tanks with a diameter of 10 feet.
Pious travelers would wash themselves before praying. The South side of
the courtyard opened into a monumental passage that led to the Audience
Hall surrounded by columns. It was intended for pharaoh and noble
The second courtyard of the temple covered an area of six hundred square
In the western
part of the courtyard is a small platform on which there are twelve
square pillars, the height of about eight meters, supporting the roof
Surface of the pillars and the wall behind them were adorned with
beautiful reliefs added here during the reign of pharaoh Ramses II.
Through the door in the portico called the Passage of Gloomy you
get to the first pillared hall of the temple.
Twenty-four columns mimic the closed buds of the papyrus.
ceiling is covered with images of the goddess Nehbet that
prostrates her wings, as if protecting a sacred place.
massive blocks of the architrave are written the names of the
Seti, and his son Ramses.
Penetrating through the square holes in the ceiling, the sun's
rays illuminate the ghostly famous reliefs of very fine work,
covering every inch of the walls.
all of the reliefs preserved their native vivid color and are
considered to be unsurpassed masterpieces of ancient Egyptian
reliefs of Amon-Ra, his consort Mut, a solar-Ra and the goddess
of love Horahte Hathor greeted the king and graciously accept
his gift, a sacred leaf, fragrant oils, lotus flowers and milk.
Pharaoh Seti is greeted as equal by god
Ptah, lord of Memphis and his formidable wife - lion-headed
Khnum, depicted in one wall of the Hall of Columns, using a
potter's wheel creates the physical body of the pharaoh.
goddess Isis cuddle born into the world of the royal infant,
gently touching the tip of his chin with his fingers.
little further four incarnations of the goddess Hathor.
doorways open in the second pillared hall.
the columns in the form of papyrus buds support the ceiling.
level slowly rises.
Central place in the relief image is occupied by the royal
coronations by deities themselves. Here pharaoh Seti on his
knees gets the royal scepter and sword Hepesh, a symbol of a
victorious war, from the hands of the gods and goddesses of the
Nile Valley, that give king "millions of years of the reign".
the sanctuary of the god Osiris, unlike other Egyptian temples,
at Abydos there were special facilities for the commission of
the mysterious ceremonies which the Greeks called "mysteries".
According to the inscriptions on some of the pillars in this
temple, current religious complex was erected on the ruins of
their more ancient sanctuary. It might be merely a bluff to
impress his subjects or a real building. There were no attempts
to find the validity behind this claim. This region certainly
had a special religious place for Egyptians.
west, behind the temple of Seti I, once a hidden tree-lined
hill, had a sacred underground tomb, often called "Osiriyonom"
or "Osireion", where according to ancient Egyptian legend, the
goddess Isis buried the head of Osiris, god of the desert killed
Seth and resurrected to a new and eternal life.
Despite centuries Abydos impresses with its
mysterious and gloomy atmosphere. If in Karnak you met an
animated history the way Egyptians saw it, here in Abydos you
will met a more spiritual side of the Egyptian society.
Probably the most famous carving in Abydos that according to some
depicts a helicopter, a plane and a submarine or a tank. Although it
might be long stretch of imagination this type of symbols have
not been found anywhere else in the country. Furthermore they
don't look like anything that was previously found on Egyptian