Description of Luxor Archaeological Site
Luxor Archaeological Site is one of the largest and spectacular
collection of temples from the time of Ancient Egypt. Most of
surviving structures date back to the time of ruling of Amenhotep III and Ramses III (XIII- XI centuries BC). The temple
of Luxor held annual celebrations of Opet during the floods of
the Nile. During the festivities the priests from the
Karnak Temple brought sacred boat of
Amun, Mut and Khonsu and performed sacred rituals dedicated to
the celebration of new harvest.
The road to the temple is the avenue of
sphinxes that once stretched from Luxor to Karnak.
Before the entrance there is a first pylon,
decorated with scenes of a victorious battle of
Ramses. Here there are two huge statues of Ramses
and the obelisk, made of pink granite. There were two obelisks, but the second was
taken in the XIX century in Paris, where it stands
at a Place de la Concorde.
Next is the court of Ramses II, on the east
side of which rises the Mosque of Abu al-Haggag.
Ramses court is surrounded by two rows of columns.
Their capitals are created in the form of lotus buds. The walls
of the courtyard although heavily damaged are adorned with
Huge black granite statues of Ramses
guarding the entrance to the most ancient part of
the temple. It begins with a majestic colonnade of Amenhotep III with the passage of the 14 columns.
Columns decorated with capitals in the form of
papyrus buds, and bas-reliefs on the walls depict
scenes of Opet festival ceremony.
The next courtyard of Amenhotep III that is surrounded
by colonnade. In the yard you
can see the lobby, decorated with columns, which
leads into the Sanctuary of the temple. Then you
reach the Birth Room those walls are painted with
scenes of birth of Amenhontepa III and his accession to
the throne. Further, the chapel of Alexander of
Macedon and the premises of the priests.