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Karnak Archaeological Site
Karnak Archaeological Site religious complex is situated in the Luxor
Governorate in Egypt. The
size and complexity of Karnak Temple with
and colossi and
sacred lake is just mind-boggling.
Karnak Archaeological Site
started with a modest building constructed by pharaoh Sesostris I during the Middle Kingdom, but every
subsequent Pharaoh attach
something of their own and reworked existing, trying to keep the
memory of himself in the main religious complex of the country.
Excavations in Karnak complex began only in the 19th century and
are currently still go on. The first thing that will probably encounter is a long avenue of
sphinxes with rams' heads. Behind the first
pylon is the chapel of the Seti II, dedicated
to the Theban triad - the gods Amun, Mut and
Khonsu. In the right corner is the Temple of
Ramses III, and in the center - the ruins of
Pharaoh Taharqa pavilion.
The Colossus of Ramses II, which is
shown at the foot of one of his daughters,
standing in front of the hypostyle hall of the
Great Seti I. This hall, arches which support of
134 columns - the most famous landmark of
Karnak. All columns and walls are decorated with
bas-reliefs of the hall, telling about the life
and exploits of the pharaoh. Massive columns
were constructed in a simple and ingenious way.
At first they would stack round slabs of stone.
Then they would fill up the space between with
sand. Once they reached the desired height and
completed the roof, Egyptians craftsmen would
simply work from the top down, clearing the sand
between the columns until they would reach the
bottom of the temple.
Then you can go to the Temple of gaudy,
built by Thutmose III. In the Early Medieval
period it was converted to a
Christian church. However the pillars keep
traces of ancient frescoes. Another popular
location is a Botanical Garden which
is an open courtyard, whose walls are decorated
with reliefs of exotic plants and animals. Between the third and fourth pylons
courtyard of Amenhotep III is located.
Unfortunately much of the former splendor was
looted over the centuries. Only one obelisk remains
today from the former
four that once stood here. Next room is the Pantry, where it was
discovered more than 10 thousand stone and
bronze statues. Between the fourth and fifth
pylon Queen Hatshepsut established a two
obelisks of pink Aswan granite, but only one
survived. The left of the southern extension is a
sacred lake, whose waters washed the priests
before proceeding with rituals. On its banks stands a
giant stone scarab Khepri constructed here by Amenhotep III. Every evening at Karnak temple
there is presentation of
show of "The Sound and Light."