The name of
Chogha Zanbil Archaeological Site
means "basket mount" after a huge
ziggurat that was constructed around 1250 BC by Elamite king
Untash- Napirisha. This religious complex was devoted to god
Inshushinak, protecting deity of Elamite city of Susa. The whole
complex was surrounded by a wall. Unlike other towns it had few
residents despite its size. It was more of a religious shrine
inhabited by priests, their servants and guards of the temple.
The site was destroyed during Assyrian invasion. Their king
Ashurbanipal laid Chogha Zanbil to ruins in 640 BC. It was
abandoned and fell in disrepair. It was the first historic site
in Iran to be added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.