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Mecca or Makkah situated in Makkah province of Saudi Arabia.
the holiest and sacred city for the Muslims. In fact pilgrimage here or
hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam. Every year over 3
million of believers come here during the month of Dhu'l-Hijjah
and over 15 millions in total. Interestingly all Muslims pray
every day in direction of this sacred city. In fact incredible
growth in algebra, mathematics and astronomy in the Arab World
were partially influenced by a requirement for all people to
pray regardless of their location around the World.
Mecca is known as the hometown of Prophet
Muhammad and only Muslims are allowed to visit holiest shrines
in Mecca. Many Europeans managed to sneak in, but it is a risky
business and not advisable even today. The religious center of
Mecca is Masjid al-Haram (Sacred Mosque) that contains a large
cuboid shaped building known as Kabba. Kaaba according to
tradition was constructed around 2000 BC by Ibrahim (Biblical
Abraham) with the help of his son Ishmael (son of Hagar).