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Austria

 

Austria Destinations Travel Guide

 

 

 

Language: German

Currency: Euro ((EUR)

Calling code: 43

 

Austrian Visa Requirements

 

History of Austria

 

Emergency Numbers

 

 

 

Travel Destinations in Austria

 

Vienna (Austria)

Belvedere

 

Belvedere was a summer residence of Prince Eugene of Savoy that was modeled after French palace in Versailles. 

Prater

 

Prater or Wurstelprater amusement park is a large public park situated on the outskirts of Austrian capital Vienna known as a second district or Leopoldstadt.

Schonbrunn Palace

 

Schonbrunn Palace was designed by architect Johann Bernhard Fischer in 1695 upon orders of king Leopold I.

Vienna

 

Vienna is the largest city in Austria and also the capital of the country. It is full of interesting cultural and historic destinations.

 

Burgenland (Austria)

Bernstein Castle

 

Bernstein Castle constructed in a twelfth century that located in Bernstein im Burgenland in Austria. It was constructed in 1199. 

Forchtenstein Castle

 

Forchtenstein Castle is a medieval fortress in the Burgenland province in the Eastern Austria. The stronghold was constructed in the 15th century by the Lords of Mattersburg.

Burg Güssing

 

Burg Gussing or Gussing Castle is a medieval fortress that date back to 1157. It is one of the oldest castles in the Burgenland state of Austria.

Burgruine Landsee

 

Burgruine Landsee is a medieval complex of military fortifications neat a small town of Markt Sankt Martin in District Oberpullendorf in Burgenland State of Austria.

Burg Lockenhaus

 

Burg Lockenhaus is a Medieval fortress in Güns Valley near Lockenhaus in Burgenland State of Austria. It was erected in the 13th century to defend these lands against Mongol invasion.

Burg Schlaining

 

Burg Schlaining is a medieval castle that stands on the outskirts of Stadtschlaining. Today Burg Schlaining houses a European Peace Museum.

Eisenstadt

 

Eisenstadt is a capital city of Burgenland state in the Eastern Austria. Its name in German means "Iron City" as a reference to iron mining and iron trade that was common here since the Medieval times.

 

 

Carinthia (Austria)

Aichelberg Castle

 

Aichelberg Castle or Castle Eichelsberg is a medieval citadel in Carinthia State of Austria. It was constructed in 13th century to defend a crossroad of roads.

Castle/Monastery Arnoldstein

 

Castle Arnoldstein is a medieval citadel perched on top of the hill overlooking a city of Arnoldstein in Carintia state of Austria. It was constructed in the 11th century.

Dietrichstein Castle

 

Dietrichstein Castle was erected in the early 12th century to safe guard major traffic artery between Vienna and Venice that is known as Venedigerstraße.

Burg Griffen

 

Burg Griffen was constructed in 1124-1146 by Bishop Otto of Bomberg. It served as a formidable stronghold against Turkish invasion of Austria and the rest of Europe. 

Falkenstein Castle

 

Falkenstein Castle or Valchenstain Castle is a medieval complex that date as far a 12th century. It is located near a town of Obervellach in Carinthia state of Austria and consists of two groups.

 

Feldsberg Castle

 

Feldsberg Castle is a medieval stronghold situated just of Pusarnitz in Carinthia state in Austria. The earliest reference to military fortifications date back to the 12th century.

 

Federaun Castle

 

Federaun Castle is a medieval stronghold situated South- West of city of Villach, second largest city in the Austrian province of Carinthia.

 

 

Finkenstein Castle

 

Finkenstein Castle is a medieval stronghold situated on a strategic high ground near Finkenstein am Faaker See  near Faaker Lake. It was erected in 12th century.

 

Flaschberg Castle

 

Flaschberg Castle is a ruined medieval citadel near a town of Flaschberg in Carinthia state of Austria. It is open to the public and accessible by a small hiking trail.

Freiberg Castle

 

Freiburg Castle is a small medieval fortress that sits on top of a strategic hill in Carinthia state of Austria.

Geyersberg Castle

 

Geyersberg Castle is a medieval stronghold situated in a Carinthia state of Austria.

Glanegg Castle

 

Glanegg Castle is one of the largest medieval strongholds in a state of Carinthia of Austria. It was constructed in 1121 by Duke Henry III of Carinthia.

Gmünd Castle

 

Gmünd Castle is a medieval stronghold that stands on top of a strategic hilltop in the north Lieser Valley overlooking Gmünd in Carinthia Austrian state.

 

Goldenstein Castle

 

Goldenstein Castle is a medieval stronghold that is located in Carinthia state in Austria.

 

Gomarn Castle

 

Gomarn Castle is a medieval citadel situated in Lavant Valley near a town of Bad Sankt Leonhard im Lavanttal, Carinthia state of Austria. Gomarn Castle was erected in the 14th century.

 

Gradenegg Castle

 

Gradenegg Castle is a medieval citadel in Carinthia state of Austria. It was constructed in 14th century. Gradenegg Castle was badly damaged in 1796 by a earthquake.

 

Burg Groppenstein

 

Burg Groppenstein or Castle Groppenstein is a medieval citadel situated North- West of Obervellack. It is privately owned by Dr. Robert Schobel.

 

Burg Greifenfels

 

Burg Greifenfels or Castle Greifenfels is a ruined medieval citadel that stands on the rocky outcrop on the Northern slope of the Sattnitzerberge mountain.

 

Gurnitz Castle

 

Gurnitz Castle is a former medieval citadel in Carinthia. Although its origins date back to the 11th century, little is preserved from the original structure.

Haimburg Castle

 

Haimburg Castle is a medieval citadel near a town of Haimburg in Carinthia region of Austria. It was constructed in 1070- 1103.

 

Hartneidstein Castle

 

Hartneidstein Castle is a medieval citadel situated in Lavant Valley in the Austria province of Carinthia.

 

Hochosterwitz Castle

 

Hochosterwitz Castle or Burg Hochosterwitz is one of the most impressive and spectacular castles in Austria, constructed on a picturesque rock 160 m (525 ft) high.

Hohenburg auf Rosenberg Castle

 

Hohenburg auf Rosenberg Castle is a medieval citadel those ruins lie on a high ground overlooking Spittal an der Drau in Carinthia region of Austria.

Hohenwart Castle

 

Hohenwart Castle is known locally as a Black Castle. It was constructed in the 12th century by the orders of Duke Henry V of Carinthia.

Hollenburg Castle

 

Hollenburg Castle was constructed in the 12th century by Lord of Hollenburg on the Northern side of the Drava river valley.

     

 

Lower Austria (Austria)

Aggstein Castle

 

Aggstein Castle is located on the right bank of the Danube river. The stronghold was constructed in the early 12th century by Manegold III of Acchispach (Aggbach).

Carnuntum Archaeological Park

 

Carnuntum Archaeological Park is an open air museum situated in the Lower Austria. It was constructed on a former site of a ancient settlement from the Roman times.

Danube-Auen National Park

 

Danube- Auen National Park covers 93 sq km of the Danube flood plain in the Lower Austria. It is one of the largest remaining wetlands in Europe.

Hardeggs Castle

 

Hardegg Castle was originally found in the 11th century in Lower Austria. Emperor Maximilian of Mexico lived here until taking a crown in Mexico, which subsequently led to his death by a firing squad.

Hinterhaus Castle

 

Ruin of presumably haunted Hinterhaus Castle is located on a mountain overlooking Spitz in the Lower Austria.

Kreuzenstein Castle

 

Kreuzenstein Castle owes its current appearance to Wilczek family that assembled their residence from several pieces from different castles located all around Europe.

Kuenringerburg Castle

 

Kuenringerburg Castle became as a prison for English king Richard I the Lionheart was imprisoned for insulting Leopold V, Duke of Austria between 1192 and 1193.

Melk Abbey

 

Melk Abbey is Austrian Benedictine abbey located in the Lower Austria that started originally as a military castle.

Thayatal National Park

 

Thayatal National Park protects biosphere around river Thaya and is located in the Lower Austria on the border with a Czech Republic.

     

 

Salzburg (Austria)

Eisriesenwelt Ice Cave

 

Eisriesenwelt is the largest accessible ice cave in Austria and all over the World with more than 40 km (25 miles) of exposed passageway.

Hellbrunn Castle

 

Hellbrunn Castle was build in 1613- 19 by Prince- Archbishop of Salzburg, Markus Sittikus von Hohenems.

Hohensalzburg Fortress

 

Castle Hohensalzburg was initially constructed in the 11th century. It offered refuge for Salzburg's archbishop during wars between Papacy and Holy Roman Empire.

Hohenwerfen Castle

 

Hohenwerfen Castle is located between majestic Tennengau and Hagen ridges. It was build in the 11th century in a series of fortifications to defend the city of Salzburg, Austria.

Hohe Tauern National Park

 

Hohe Tauern is the largest National Park in Austria and covers an area of 1,834 km2 that cover partial territories of Carinthia, Salzburg and Tyrol.

Krimml Falls

 

At a total height of 380 meters (1,247 feet) Krimml Falls is the highest waterfall in Austria and Europe.

Lake Toplitz

Lake Toplitz is a beautiful lake in the Austrian Alp. It became a resting ground for tested German explosives and fake currency that were printed by the Nazis to crumble British economy.

Salzburg

According to a legend town of Salzburg was found by Bishop Rupert who constructed first settlement here with help of Benedictine monks.

 

 

 

Styria (Austria)

Deutschlandsberg Castle

 

Deutschlandsberg Castle or a Deutschlandsberg Burg is situated in an Austrian province of Styria. It was constructed in the 12th century.

Gesäuse National Park

 

This Austria's youngest parks (established 26 Oct, 2002) covers 110 km2 and lies in the valley of the Enns river.

Graz

 

Graz is a second largest city in Austria and also a capital of Styria Austrian state. This historic town is situated on the banks of Mur River in the South- East Austria.

Lurgrotte Caves

 

Lurgrotte Caves is the largest cave system in Austria. It was officially discovered by Max Italian Brunello on April 1st in 1894.

Castle Riegersburg

 

Castle Riegersburg sits on top of 82 m (1,581 ft) rock that happen to be an extinct ancient volcano.

Schloss Eggenberg

 

Schloss Eggenberg or Castle Eggenberg is a historic residence in the state of Styria in Austria. It is situated several kilometres West of state capital of Graz.

Stübing

 

Stübing is an Austria's ethnographic settlement designed and constructed under supervision of Professor Viktor Herbert Pottler in 1962.

 

 

Tyrol (Austria)

Ambras Palace

 

Ambras Palace was constructed on a location of the 10th century castle. Archduke Ferdinand II used some of the old medieval structures to created a more modern and aesthetically pleasing residence for himself.

Bruck Castle

 

Burck Castle is a medieval citadel in Lienz in Tyrol region. It was found in the 13th century as a residence for Meinhardiner Counts of Gorz.

Festung Kufstein

 

Festung Kufstein located in Tyrol region of Austria was constructed in 1205. It changed hands repeatedly between bishops of Regensburg, Bavarian Dukes and others.

Freundsberg Castle

 

Freundsberg Castle is a medieval citadel in the Tyrol region of Austria. It was built in 1150 by the lords of Freundsberg on a strategic hill.

Heinfels Castle

 

Heinfels Castle is a medieval stronghold that stands on a strategic hill over Heinfels. It gets its name from Huns that found first fort here.

Innsbruck

 

Innsbruck is the largest city in Austrian state of Tyrol and also its capital. The city grew as an important trade center on the crossroads of trade routes in Central Europe.

Itter Castle

In a strange twist of history Itter Castle became a site where German Wehrmacht fought shoulder to shoulder with the American GIs.

Kapsburg Castle

 

Kapsburg Castle is a medieval fortress in Tyrol province in Austria.

Kropfsberg Castle

 

Kropfsberg Castle is a medieval fortress in the Tyrol province of Austria.

Laudegg Castle

 

Laudegg Castle stands on a strategic hill overlooking Lower Inn Valley. It was constructed in the early Middle Ages, but it was first mentioned in 1237.

Lichtenwerth Castle

 

Lichtenwerth Castle is a medieval stronghold in Tyrol province of Austria. It was constructed in the 12th century.

Naudersberg Castle

 

Naudersberg Castle is a medieval fortress in Tyrol province in Austria.

Tratzberg Castle

 

Tratzberg Castle was first mentioned in the 13th century as hunting lodge of Emperor Maximilian I. Over centuries it grew to one of the largest and impressive castles in Austria.

Zammer Lochputz

 

Zammer Lochputz is a picturesque gorge near a town of Zams in Tyrol province of Austria. Zammer Lochputz has a hiking trail that passes through this beautiful geologic formation.

   

 

Upper Austria (Austria)

Abbey of St. Florian

 

Abbey of Saint Florian is one of the largest Baroque monasteries in Austria with a library that contains well over 130,000 manuscripts.

Attersee

 

Attersee is one of the largest Austrian lakes. It is famous for its sailing competitions that are commonly held here.

Bad Ischl

 

Bad Ischl is a spa town in southern part of Upper Austria. It was first mentioned in the 13th century, but it reached its high point in the 19th century.

Braunau am Inn

 

Braunau am Inn is a small town Upper Austria region. It is most famous as a birth place of one of evilest men in human history Adolf Hitler.

Clam Castle

 

Clam Castle is a large medieval stronghold in Upper Austria region. Clam Castle was constructed in the middle of the 12th century.

Eschelberg Castle

 

Eschelberg Castle is a medieval fortification in Sankt Gotthard im Muhlkreis in Upper Austria region of Austria.

Hallstatt

 

Hallstatt is a small Austrian village in the Austrian state of Upper Austria. It is situated on the shores of Hallstatter See or Hallstatt Lake.

Kalkalpen National Park

 

Kalkalpen National Park has over 1600 species of butterflies and 1000 species of flowering, plants, mosses and fern species. Many of these are endemic to this part of Austria.

Linz

 

Linz is a third largest city in Austria and also the capital of Austrian state of Upper Austria. It was settled in the ancient Roman times when it was known as Lentia port.

Mauthausen Concentration Camp

Mauthausen Concentration Camp is a large group of concentration camps near villages Mauthausen and Gusen situated 20 km East of Linz.

Schloss Ort

 

Schloss Ort is a medieval citadel that was constructed on a small island in the Traunsee lake in Upper Austria region of Austria.

Vichtenstein Castle

 

Vichtenstein Castle or Vichtenstein Burg is a medieval citadel in the Danube River valley in Upper Austria region of Austria.

       

 

Vorarlberg (Austria)

Neu- Ems Castle

 

Neu- Ems Castle or Burg Neu- Ems is a well preserved medieval fortress in Hohenems in Vorarlberg province of Austria.

Neu- Montfort Castle

 

Neu- Montfort Castle is a ruined medieval fortress in Vorarlberg region. It was constructed between 1311 and 1319 by Counts of Montfort.

Schattenburg

 

Schattenburg Castle was constructed in 1190 by Count Hugo I Montfort who used it as a support for base for control of trading routes to the South and to the East of the castle.

 

 

 

 

Geography of Austria

Austria is located in the Central Europe. It borders Czech Republic in the North East, Slovakia in East, Hungary in the South and Slovenia, Italy in the West. Liechtenstein, Switzerland and Germany in the North. Major rivers include Danube, Moore, Drava, Inn and Salzach. Additionally there are numerous mountain lakes in picturesque valleys in the Alps. Approximately 70% of the country is occupied by the Alps mountain range. The highest point in Austria is peak Grossglockner (3997 meters).

Language in Austria

The official language of Austria is German. Although it is in accent, pronunciation and rhythm.  Rural alpine areas also speak German, but even native Germans- speaking citizen have difficulty understanding each other.

Religion in Austria

About 78% of the population are Catholics, 5% are Protestants, 2% are Muslims and about 12% are atheists.

Currency

The country uses Euro as its official currency.

Telephones

Emergency Service 120

Fire Service 122

Police 133

Ambulance 144

Office hours

Opening hours vary from museum to museum. The day off for museum is usually a Monday. Most of small stores usually have lunch hour from 12 to 1pm then they are closed. Large stores however stay open without lunch breaks. Businesses usually close from 6pm to 8pm. Banks are open on weekdays.

 

Political system of Austria

Austria is a parliamentary republic. The head of the government is a Federal president who is chosen every six years. The head of the government is Federal counselor. Parliament of Austria is double chambered Federal Assembly, which consists of of the Federal Council and the National Council.

Austrian History

The history of human settlement in Austria begins 100,000 years ago. Gaul tribes ruled the land for centuries. In the first century AD the Roman conquered these lands turning the lands into a Roman province. In the third and fourth centuries the Roman Empire crumbled under attacks of invading Huns, Avars, Alans and Slavic tribes. In the ninth century Germanic tribes soon followed. In the 12th century Austria gained considerable autonomy and started to expand its borders. In the 15th century Austrian dukes become emperors of the Holy Roman Empire. In the 18th century Austria reached a peak of its power. In 1804 it becomes an Austrian Empire. Austrian emperors controlled the whole of Italy, Belgium, Romania, large part of Poland, Serbia, Hungary, Western Ukraine, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia and Czech Republic. The power of the state decreased after losses in the duration of the Napoleonic Wars and unsuccessful struggle with Prussia for hegemony of the German states. In 1867 Austrian Empire is a transformed to a dual monarchy and becomes Austro- Hungarian Empire. After a series of defeats during World War I from the Russian forces under leadership of Alexei Alexeevich Brusilov, Austro- Hungarian Empire ceased to exist. In 1918 it broke apart into two independent nation- states of Austria and Hungary. Austria became a republic until 1938 then Adolf Hitler, an Austrian native annexed the country and added it to his Third Reich. Subsequent defeat in the World War II led to new victims and destruction. Through most of the second part of the twentieth century Austria kept certain degree neutrality developing into a thriving state.

Safety while you travel in Austria

In recent years the number of crimes have increased. These usually include petty crimes such as pick pocketing, stealing of handbags and other personal property. So avoid large groups of people since this offers the best opportunity for thieves.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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