Geography of Austria
Austria is located in the Central Europe. It borders Czech
Republic in the North East, Slovakia in East, Hungary in the
South and Slovenia, Italy in the West. Liechtenstein,
Switzerland and Germany in the North. Major rivers include
Danube, Moore, Drava, Inn and Salzach. Additionally there are
numerous mountain lakes in picturesque valleys in the Alps.
Approximately 70% of the country is occupied by the Alps
mountain range. The highest point in Austria is peak
Grossglockner (3997 meters).
Language in Austria
The official language of Austria is German. Although it is in
accent, pronunciation and rhythm. Rural alpine areas also
speak German, but even native Germans- speaking citizen have
difficulty understanding each other.
Religion in Austria
About 78% of the population are Catholics, 5% are Protestants,
2% are Muslims and about 12% are atheists.
The country uses Euro as its official currency.
Emergency Service 120
Fire Service 122
Opening hours vary from museum to museum. The day off for museum
is usually a Monday. Most of small stores usually have lunch
hour from 12 to 1pm then they are closed. Large stores however
stay open without lunch breaks. Businesses usually close from
6pm to 8pm. Banks are open on weekdays.
Political system of Austria
Austria is a parliamentary republic. The head of the government
is a Federal president who is chosen every six years. The head
of the government is Federal counselor. Parliament of Austria is
double chambered Federal Assembly, which consists of of the
Federal Council and the National Council.
The history of human settlement in Austria begins 100,000 years
ago. Gaul tribes ruled the land for centuries. In the first
century AD the Roman conquered these lands turning the lands
into a Roman province. In the third and fourth centuries the
Roman Empire crumbled under attacks of invading Huns, Avars,
Alans and Slavic tribes. In the ninth century Germanic tribes
soon followed. In the 12th century Austria gained considerable
autonomy and started to expand its borders. In the 15th century
Austrian dukes become emperors of the Holy Roman Empire. In the
18th century Austria reached a peak of its power. In 1804 it
becomes an Austrian Empire. Austrian emperors controlled the
whole of Italy, Belgium, Romania, large part of Poland, Serbia,
Hungary, Western Ukraine, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia
and Czech Republic. The power of the state decreased after
losses in the duration of the Napoleonic Wars and unsuccessful
struggle with Prussia for hegemony of the German states. In 1867
Austrian Empire is a transformed to a dual monarchy and becomes
Austro- Hungarian Empire. After a series of defeats during World
War I from the Russian forces under leadership of Alexei
Alexeevich Brusilov, Austro- Hungarian Empire ceased to exist.
In 1918 it broke apart into two independent nation- states of
Austria and Hungary. Austria became a republic until 1938 then
Adolf Hitler, an Austrian native annexed the country and added
it to his Third Reich. Subsequent defeat in the World War II led
to new victims and destruction. Through most of the second part
of the twentieth century Austria kept certain degree neutrality
developing into a thriving state.
Safety while you travel in Austria
In recent years the number of crimes have increased. These
usually include petty crimes such as pick pocketing, stealing of
handbags and other personal property. So avoid large groups of
people since this offers the best opportunity for thieves.