Ermak Travel Guide

 

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Belgium

 


Belgium Destinations Travel Guide

 

 

 

Language: Dutch, French, German

Currency: Euro (EU)

Calling Code: 32

 

 

 

Travel Destinations in Belgium

 

Bruges

 

Bruges is one of the most beautiful cities not only in Belgium, but in all of Europe. 

Brussels

 

Brussels is the capital of Belgium and also capital of European Union (EU).

 

Cortewalle Castle

 

Cortewalle Castle is a 15th century castle constructed from white sandstone in municipality of Beveren in East Flanders. 

Hoge Kempen National Park

 

Hoge Kempen National Park covers 60 square kilometers in the Flanders. Despite its modest size it is the largest protected area in the region.

Reinhardstein Castle

 

Reinhardstein Castle is located in Warche valley in the village of Ovifat. Fortification was constructed in 1354 by Reinhard of Weismes. 

Wissekerke Castle

 

Wissekerke Castle is situated in the village of Bazel of Kruibeke municipality in the East Flanders province.

 

Wolfsschlucht I

Wolfsschlucht I is an abandoned German headquarters in a town of Brûly-de-Pesche. Its most notable resident was Adolf Hitler.

 

 

 

Geography of Belgium

Belgium is located in Western Europe on the coast of the North Sea. It shares borders with France, Germany, Netherlands and Luxembourg. Belgium has three geographical regions: the coastal plan, the central plateau and the Ardennes hills. The highest point in the country is Botranzh at a height of 694 meters above sea level. The main rivers are Meuse and Scheldt.

Politics of Belgium

Belgium is a constitutional monarchy and the federal government. Officially the head of the state is the king, while actual head of a state is the Prime Minister.

Weather of Belgium

Summers in Belgium are cool and cloudy. Although the winters are not as bad. Snow lasts for considerable period of time only in the mountainous areas of the country. The  most rainy months are April and November.

Language of Belgium

The official languages in Belgium are French, Dutch (Flemish) and German. Besides Wallonian is widely spread along with certain other dialects.

Religion of Belgium

About 70% of Belgians are Catholics. The country also has a sizeable population of Muslims, Protestants, Orthodox and other religions due to constant migration from the Eastern Europe, Middle East and other parts of the World.

History of Belgium

First people on the territory of the modern Belgium appeared 400 thousand years ago. Gallic tribes of Belgians settled here around 300 BC giving the name to the region and future state. In 57 BC Julius Caesar annexed the lands of the Galls. Centuries of forced Romanization the local population lost their language. In everyday life Latin took place as most used and became the base for the Walloon language of the South Belgium. The North Belgium on the other hand saw mostly expansion of the Germanic tribes laying the beginning of the Flemish nation.

In the 5th- 9th century Belgium was part of the kingdom of Franks, then transferred under control of the Holy Roman Empire. Due to its high urban development and rich citizens, Belgium was a contestant prize that caused wars between its neighbours, Germany and France. In the 16th century it was annexed by Spain for the next 150 years. But in the early 18th century it was conquered by the Austrian Habsburgs. After Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated Congress of Vienna in 1815 united Belgium and Netherlands in order to create a buffer zone against France. In 1830 popular uprising gave independence to Belgium from the Dutch rule. In 1831 it was proclaimed a constitutional monarchy. Belgium saw some of the worst battles of World War I and World War II. After its liberation in 1944 it kept up with the rest of the Western Europe in joining the UN, NATO, Council of Europe and European Union.

Emergency Numbers

Fire 100

Police 101

Ambulance 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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