Geography of Belgium
Belgium is located in Western Europe on the coast of the North
Sea. It shares borders with France, Germany, Netherlands and
Luxembourg. Belgium has three geographical regions: the coastal
plan, the central plateau and the Ardennes hills. The highest
point in the country is Botranzh at a height of 694 meters above
sea level. The main rivers are Meuse and Scheldt.
Politics of Belgium
Belgium is a constitutional monarchy and the federal government.
Officially the head of the state is the king, while actual head
of a state is the Prime Minister.
Weather of Belgium
Summers in Belgium are cool and cloudy. Although the winters are
not as bad. Snow lasts for considerable period of time only in
the mountainous areas of the country. The most rainy
months are April and November.
Language of Belgium
The official languages in Belgium are French, Dutch (Flemish)
and German. Besides Wallonian is widely spread along with
certain other dialects.
Religion of Belgium
About 70% of Belgians are Catholics. The country also has a
sizeable population of Muslims, Protestants, Orthodox and other
religions due to constant migration from the Eastern Europe,
Middle East and other parts of the World.
History of Belgium
First people on the territory of the modern Belgium appeared 400
thousand years ago. Gallic tribes of Belgians settled here
around 300 BC giving the name to the region and future state. In
57 BC Julius Caesar annexed the lands of the Galls. Centuries of
forced Romanization the local population lost their language. In
everyday life Latin took place as most used and became the base
for the Walloon language of the South Belgium. The North Belgium
on the other hand saw mostly expansion of the Germanic tribes
laying the beginning of the Flemish nation.
the 5th- 9th century Belgium was part of the kingdom of Franks,
then transferred under control of the Holy Roman Empire. Due to
its high urban development and rich citizens, Belgium was a
contestant prize that caused wars between its neighbours, Germany
and France. In the 16th century it was annexed by Spain for the
next 150 years. But in the early 18th century it was conquered
by the Austrian Habsburgs. After Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated
Congress of Vienna in 1815 united Belgium and Netherlands in
order to create a buffer zone against France. In 1830 popular
uprising gave independence to Belgium from the Dutch rule. In
1831 it was proclaimed a constitutional monarchy. Belgium saw
some of the worst battles of World War I and World War II. After
its liberation in 1944 it kept up with the rest of the Western
Europe in joining the UN, NATO, Council of Europe and European