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Nesebar (Несебър), Nesebr, Nessebar

Nesebar Aerial View

Nesebar is one of the most beautiful and unique cities in Bulgaria located 36 km North- East of Burgas. It is situated on the Black sea coast Nesebar Old City lies on the island connected with the mainland by a small artificial isthmus.

 

Location: Nesebar, Burgas Province  Map

Visitor Center

10 Mesambria Street, Nesebar

Tel. +359 554 42611, +359 554 29346

e- mail: visitnessebar@abv.bg

Official site

 

 

 

Description of Nesebar

Nesebar was first settled 3200 years ago during Bronze Age, when Thracian tribes first moved here. Subsequent civilizations and nations left their mark on Nesebar. Cobblestone streets, well preserved medieval churches and wooden houses from the 18th and 19th century give a city its own charm. Old churches of this picturesque city is an interesting mix of Slavic and Greek traditions. Nesebar is included on the list of World Heritage Sites of UNESCO since 1983. You can walk for hours through narrow streets, sun bath on the shore and eat in small restaurants and taverns. Fresh fish, mussels and oysters caught in nearby waters is the best choice on the menu. If you want to go diving there will be some interesting surprises for you here as well. Not only Nesebar is famous for its relatively clean water and diverse marine life, but you might find a Bulgarian version of Atlantis. The original island was 40 acres in size, but after earthquakes it dwindled to only 24 acres. Whole sections of the ancient and medieval Nesebar went underneath the water thus preserving them for future generations.

 

Nesebar

Nesebar Streets  Nesebar Streets

Nesebar History

Ancient Period in Nesebar History

Nesebar existed for at least three thousand years. The island of the coast of modern Bulgaria first settled by the Thracians as early as 12th century BC. They called their settlement Menebria. Ancient historian Strabo explained that "Mena" was the name of the famous Thracian king and "brias" means "city" in Thracian. Thus the original name could be translated as "city of Mena". It could mean that either the ruler of Thracians founded the city or his subjects dedicated the city to his memory.

 

Antiquity Period in Nesebar History

In the 6th century Greeks Dorians from the Attica city of Megara settled here in the 6th century BC and renamed their settlement Mesembria (Μεσήμβρια). It is one of the few Dorian Greek (South Greece) colonies along Western Black Sea Coast. Most other colonies were established Ionian Greeks from modern day Western Turkey. Greek actively traded with the local tribes that surrounded their colony. Additionally it served as an advertisement for the Greek civilization and its achievements. Temple of Apollo, acropolis, agora and other regions of the ancient city must have been very impressive for the people that lived in small huts.

 

Nesebar was a multicultural metropolis with many nations from various parts of the Mediterranean have settled and co- existed peacefully for several centuries. It was part of the Delian League headed by city- state of Athens against coalition under rule of Sparta in a conflict that became known as Peloponnesian War (5th century BC). It ended with defeat of Athens, but the city didn't suffer much in the end of the war. Citizens of Nesebar minted their own bronze and gold coins that was an important privilege in the Ancient times. In 72 BC Roman army capture Nesebar without significant military action. Residents of the city gained certain degree of autonomy in their internal matters. They were even allowed to mint their own coins, an important privilege in the Republic.

 

Christianity in Nesebar

Christianity in Nesebar appeared fairly early in European history. We don't know the extent of the Christian community that existed here, but in the late 1st century AD. Christian medieval documents state that Saint Irene of Macedon visited Mesembria. She herself was converted to Christianity by the Apostle Timothy. One of the original apostles told Irene to go and preach the word of God to pagan population of the Roman Empire. Irene followed his word and started her sermons thus converting many people to a new fate. The same source also states that Roman officials of Nesebar ordered her arrest and execution when they realized the influence of a new religion might cause unnecessary commotion in the city. Irene was caught and executed, but an angel sent by God resurrected her and helped her escape the city to Asia Minor, where she was eventually captured and killed.

 

Medieval Period in Nesebar History

After fall of the Western Roman Empire Nesebar became part of the Byzantine Empire. Ancient baths, old bishopric, basilica of Holy Mother of God, military fortifications and other sites are among the structures that were build by the Byzantine rulers. Bulgarian Khan Krum conquered Nesebar in 812 adding new possession to his ever-growing First Bulgarian Empire. Bulgarians called their city Mesebar or Nesebar as it became known today. Knyaz or Prince Boris I ceded Nesebar to the Byzantium in 864 AD, the same year he was baptized by the Byzantine Greek priest. Apparently it was part of the deal that involved Christianization of the Bulgaria, but Boris' son Tsar Simeon the Great re- conquered the city shortly after taking the throne.

 

Bogomils in Nesebar

In 1098 peasants around the city started a rebellion under religious pretext. Many local started following a Christian sect of bogomilism found by priest Bogomil ("dear to God"). It was a political and religious movement that rejected the ecclesiastical hierarchy accepted in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Additionally they refused materialism of society and considered Church too corrupt and too rich for its own good. Their views and beliefs were similar to Cathars in South France. However unlike Cathars, bogomils did not mind spilling blood and start wars with the secular as well as religious authorities. Just like their French Gnostic counterparts Bogomils were wiped out by the soldiers of the royal army sent from Nesebar against them.

 

In 1237 Nesebar was taken by the troops of Venice after a siege. They didn't keep the city, but stole many valuables and caused great damage to the city. The city grew in size and splendour especially under rule of Bulgarian tsar Ivan Alexander (1331- 71) that speared no expanses to increase Bulgarian presence on the border with volatile border with the Byzantines. Many of the buildings however were looted and destroyed by the Western European Crusaders that besieged and captured the city under leadership of Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy in 1366.

 

Ottoman Turk Period in Nesebar History

Eventually the invaders were forced out from the region, but new threat in a face of Ottoman Turks quickly spread through the region in the 15th century. Byzantine Empire and Bulgarian Empire fell pray to this new force from the East. Nesebar start its political and economical decline. Only old fountain and Turkish baths remain today from the time period. Additionally Ottoman Turks who followed Islam closed all the Orthodox Christian churches in Nesebar and prohibited their attendance and reconstruction. This explains why of the churches date either to the time before the arrival of the Ottoman rule or right after its defeat in the second half of the 19th century.

 

 

Independent Bulgaria

In the 19th century many young Bulgarians (including those from Nesebar) joined Greek War of Independence (1821) against the Turks and many fought under famous Alexandros Ypsilantis. After Russian Empire finally defeated the Turks and gained independence for Bulgaria (on March 3 1878) Nesebar became part of Bulgaria in 1885. By that time was a mere shadow of itself. Nesebar was merely a small city of fisherman and vine growers. In the 20th century the new part of the city was added, while the Old part of the city was preserved and kept in its original condition. It is one of the few Bulgarian sea side town that kept its unique charm and kept its historic legacy. Nesebar has 44 churches in different state of preservation, although the original number was probably over 100.

 

 

 

Nesebar (Nessebar) Map

Nesebar Map

 

Nesebar Old City Map and Nesebar Destinations

 

Map of Old Nesebar

Nesebar Map

1. Archaeological museum (Nesebar)

Archaeological Museum of Nesebar

Location: Mesemria street, Entrance to the Old City

Open: 9am- 7pm Mon- Fri, 9am- 1:30pm, 2- 6pm Sat- Sun June- Sept

9am- 6pm Mon- Fri, 9am- 1:30pm, 2- 6pm Sat- Sun May, Oct

9am- 12pm, 12:30- 5pm, closed Sat- Sun Nov- March

Entrance Fee: adults BGN 5, students BGN 3, groups BGN 4 per person

 

Archaeological museum of Nesebar was open fairly recently in 1994 in the Old Town. It contains collection of pottery, naval anchor, coins and many other ancient artefacts from the Thracian period when Greeks first settled here and started to trade with the local tribes. Additionally the museum has several medieval Christian icons in its possession. Most of them were painted or written (as artists call it) locally in Nesebar and surrounding villages.

 

2. Remains of the Greek wall in Nesebar (Nesebar)

Location: Entrance to the Old Town of Nesebar

Constructed 5th- 3rd century BC

 

Ruins of military fortifications that once protected are spread throughout Nesebar. They were erected in the 5th century BC and later increased two centuries later. Parts of the ancient wall are discovered in different parts of the city, although the largest portion of the former fortifications are situated at the entrance of Nesebar.

 

Nesebar Byzantine City Wall3. Byzantium wall with towers (Nesebar)

Location: Entrance to the Old Town of Nesebar

 

 

Byzantine City walls or Western Walls of Medieval Nesebar once encircled the whole city. It protected the city against sea pirates as well as foreign armies. Today they are well preserved at the Western entrance to the Old Town of Nesebar. The main entrance to the fortified city was protected by two pentagonal towers. Gates had two pairs of doors. One door had two parts and could be swung open, while another door could be lowered at night to seal Nesebar at night or during sieges. City walls were erected with use of special Byzantine masonry architectural style known as "opus mikstum" or mixed case. It consisted of layers of stone for strength and several layers of bricks for flexibility. As a result medieval military engineers managed to create large structures resistant to seismic activity like earthquakes that are common in the region. Since Nesebar city walls were created in the 7th century AD they underwent restoration only five times over course of twelfth centuries.

 

 

4. Early Byzantium baths (Nesebar)

Nesebar Medieval Ruins

Location: ulitsa (street) Mitropolitska street

Constructed 5th- 6th century AD

 

 

Early Byzantine Baths of Nesebar are situated just behind the Church of Sveti Spas (or Saint Savior). These baths were constructed during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I the Great (483- 565). Chronicles of Saint Theophan and patriarch Nikifor state that in 680 AD these baths were visited by the Emperor Constantine IV Pogonatos ("the Bearded") who used its therapeutic powers. Historians claimed it was here that he "cured his legs". Unfortunately they were burned down and destroyed during Bulgarian invasion under leadership of Khan (Bulgarian ruler) Krum in 812 AD. Remaining parts were quarried by the locals to use in construction of other buildings. Part of the ancient complex that remained underground buried were spared from vandalism. Today it is all that remains from previously magnificent and impressive structure.

 

5. Basilica Saint Sophia aka the Old Bishopric (Stara Mitropoliya) (Nesebar)

Nesebar Old Bishopric

Adress: ulitsa (street) Mitropolitska

Constructed 5th- 6th century

 

 

Old Bishopric or Cathedral of Saint Sophia in Nesebar was constructed in the 5th century on a site of a former ancient agora. It was part of a monastery, but the monastery was destroyed in the medieval times. Today it is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The building has a semi- circular apse, a narthex and an atrium. It is 25 m (82 ft) long and 13 m (43 ft) wide. Unfortunately the frescoes and icons that once covered the sides of the structure were not preserved. Double sloped wooden roof with clay pieces covered the house of worship, but these were not preserved either. Judging by few remains the floor was also covered by colorful mosaics.

Much of damage was carried out by the Venetians in 1257 who captured Nesebar that was part of the Bulgarian Empire at the time. Despite being a Christian structure and a seat of Nesebar bishop, Basilica of Saint Sophia was completely looted. Its silver and golden objects were stolen and melted. The entrance is free as it is with most structures. Old Bishopric is particularly beautiful in the evening then sun rays of the setting sun hit the altar side of the church. The church still preserves a marble slab in one of its walls that quotes the Bible: "Hear my prayer, O Lord" (Psalm 102:1).

 

Friendly Warning

Medieval basilica of Nesebar is surrounded by various vendors, caf├ęs and artists who sell their paintings. Try to avoid street food. People who sell it don't always follow hygiene procedures and various types of complications are quiet common after consuming their food. Many local also produce traditional objects and sell them here for a fairly low price.

 

6. Basilica Holy Mother of God Eleoussa (Nesebar)

Basilica Holy Mother of God Eleoussa Basilica

Location: Street Kraybrejna

Constructed: 5th- 6th century

 

 

Basilica of the Holy Mother of God Eleusa of Nesebar is a former monastery. "Eleusa" means "tender" in Greek thus the nickname of the Christian structure. The temple was constructed in the 6th century AD. It measures at 28 m long and 18 m wide with three naves, three apses and a nartex. Two side aisles also have two smaller apses that point in the North and South direction. It is a common architectural design of many medieval churches. It gave it basilica an appearance of a cross.

In the 14th century the monastery along with this part of the city sunk due to earthquake. In the early 20th century another earthquake struck the city lifting this part of the city while submerging other part of Nesebar. This the reason why the Basilica along with the defensive tower in the background lies slightly below the city streets. You can judge the depth to which it was submerged by looking at the tower stones. Lower levels of the tower are smooth due to sea water, while higher up level exposed to air are more rough and uneven.

 

7. Ruins of the early Christian Basilica and necropolis (Nesebar)

Location: street Kraybrejna (near entrance to the Nesebar Old City)

Constructed: Basilica 5th- 6th centuries

Necropolis: 10th- 11th centuries

 

 

Christian Basilica of Nesebar was erected here in the 5th and 6th centuries. This imposing Christian temple it was reconstructed over a course of its history. Citizen of Nesebar buried their loved ones in the small cemetery or necropolis (literally "City of the dead" in Greek) near by. Most of the graves date back to the 10th and 11th century, which might suggest that bones of the previously deceased might have been moved to some other location within old Nesebar after a while. Or maybe archaeologists during their digs couldn't reach all part of the medieval areas out of fear that newer residence buildings might be damaged.

 

8. Church of John the Baptist  (Nesebar)

Location: streets Mitropolitska and Kraybrejna

Constructed: 11th century

 

 

Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist of Nesebar was constructed in the 10th century. It measures 12 m long and 10 m wide. The structure has three semi- circular apses and no narthex. It is one of the best preserved churches in the city with its unique distinctly Bulgarian architectural style. The inside walls of the temple were plastered and artists used these white hard surface as a canvas for painting icons, portraits, animals and other items. The frescoes date from 14th century and other from 16th- 17th centuries. One of frescoes actually preserved faces of medieval citizens of Nesebar. One of the columns have later inscriptions that says: "Holy John, save me". Church of John the Baptist has some of the best acoustics in the city. The secret for this strange phenomenon is pottery amphorae that were hidden among bricks and stone of the wall. They gave sound distinct amplification during singing, chanting and praying. The church is not functional. Today it contains an art gallery that is open to the public.

 

9. Remains of a cross like church (Nesebar)

Constructed: 10th century

Ruins of the Cross like building date back to the 10th century. It followed a usual Byzantine outline of the Christian structure. Bulgarians often mimicked this architecture of their neighbors to the East. Most of churches in Nesebar carry classic Byzantine appearance.

 

10. Church of Saint Stephen or the New Bishopric (Nova Mitropoliya) (Nesebar)

Location: Mena and tsar Simeon streets

Constructed: 11th century; reconstructed in the 16th-18th century

Open: 9am- 7pm Mon- Fri, 9:30am- 1:40pm, 2- 6pm Sat- Sun June- Sept

9am- 6pm Mon- Fri, 9am- 1:30pm, 2- 6pm Sat- Sun May, Oct

Closed: Nov- March

Entrance Fee: adults BGN 5, students BGN 3, groups BGN 4 per person

 

Cathedral of Saint Stephen or Stefan of Nesebar was constructed in the 11th century and was originally dedicated to Virgin Mary, Mother of God. It became known locally as a New Mitropoliya. The name implies that it was a seat of Mitropolit (second only to Patriarch) of Nesebar. It was reconstructed and increased in size in the 16th century. Its carved iconostasis dates back to 1599. The structure was constructed mostly from local stone and red brick for outside. This three nave basilica measures at 12 m long and 9.5 m wide. It follows the same basic design as the Old Mitropoliya with two aisles on each side. Marble columns give the basilica an elegant appearance. The cathedral also contains throne of the bishop dating back to Bulgarian Revival in the 19th century. Ancient frescoes were unfortunately destroyed. The ones that got preserved date back to the 16th- 18th centuries. There is about 258 of mural paintings that contain over 1000 figures from various scenes from the Bible. The facade of basilica contains images from the Apocalypses.

 

 

11. Church of Saint Theodore (Nesebar)

The church of Saint Theodore of Nesebar was constructed in the 13th century. The church is 8.70 m long and 4.15 m wide. It has an apse and a narthex. The construction of the church used local white limestone and black and red bricks. Today it serves as an art gallery.

 

 

 

 

 

 

12. Church of Saint Paraskeva (Nesebar)

Church of Saint Paraskeva of Nesebar is a Bulgarian Orthodox church that dates back to the 13th century. This medieval temple is currently recognized and protected by UNESCO. It is a single nave chapel and measures at 15 m long and 6 m wide. It has a nartex and a pentagonal apse. It was erected from red bricks and hewn stone. The altar portion also has glazed saucers of various colors build in the wall. Apparently the chapel had a bell tower in the medieval times, but it was destroyed. All that remains is a part of the stairwell that once led to the upper levels. Church of Saint Paraskeva is preserved in its original appearance. They only part that was added later is the wooden roof that was rotted and had to be changed repeatedly.

13. Church of the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel (Nesebar)

Church of the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel of Nesebar was constructed in the 1200s. Its heavenly protects Michael and Gabriel in the Eastern Orthodox tradition are included in the seven highest angelic spirits. On traditional Orthodox iconostasis they are portrayed on both sides of Jesus Christ, usually on the two side doors that led to the altar of the church. Archangel Michael is considered to the chief of angels and Gabriel as a guardian of the paradise and chief of angels that help people. Church of the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel of Nesebar is 14 meters long and 5 meters wide. Lack of care left the building in a bad state so much of the roof and a dome have collapsed after years of negligence and abandonment. Today religious services are no held in Church of the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel of Nesebar, but it is open to the public. Its remains are protected by a UNESCO.

 

14. Church of Christ Pantocrator (Nesebar)

Church of Christ Pantocrator of Nesebar is included on the list of cultural and historical sites of UNESCO. Church of Christ Pantocrator was constructed in the 1200's. It is one of the best preserved medieval church in the city as well as all of Bulgaria. It measures 16 meters long by 7 meters wide. It has three apses and two entrances, on the South and North side of the building. The building was constructed from pieces of red bricks and local white limestone. Much of the plaster was lost along with medieval frescoes that covered them. Three small richly profiled apses are located on the eastern side. A square bell tower rises above the porch. The roof of Church of Christ Pantocrator of Nesebar is an octagonal tower with arched windows. Today the building is converted to a picture gallery. Church of Christ Pantocrator of Nesebar was included in the list of UNESCO's cultural and historical heritage.

15. Church of Saint John Aliturgetos of Nesebar (Nesebar)

Church of Saint John Aliturgetos

Constructed: 14th century

 

Church of Saint John or Ioan of Nesebar is one of the most colorful religious structures on the island of Nesebar. It was constructed in the 14th century. It is 10 m wide and 19 m long with two entrances in the North and South sides of the church. It is an usual feature for the Bulgarian Christian temples of the medieval period. Its name "aliturgetos" means "without a liturgy" in Greek. According to a legend a local man worked here during construction, slipped and fell to his death. Religious officials did not allow to consecrate Nesebar church because of this tragic event. Although certain services were held here, the main service of liturgy was never performed here. It basically served more of the prayer house rather than a real church. This church has traditional three altar apses and a narthex. It was heavily damaged during Chirpansko earthquake in 1913 that ended its use as a Orthodox Christian Church. Today it is more of the museum. On the remains of the Western wall, opposite of the altar you can find drawings of the ships that date back to the 1300's. The floor of the church is covered by mosaics from white, red and green squares, circles and triangles.

 

16. Church of Saint Spas of Nesebar (Nesebar)

 

Constructed: 1609

Open: 10- 5pm Mon- Fri, 10am- 4pm Sat- Sun June- Sept

10am- 5pm Mon- Fri, 10am- 3pm Sat- Sun May, Oct

Closed: Nov- March

Entrance Fee: adults BGN 3, students BGN 2, groups BGN 2.50 per person

 

 

Saint Spass (Savior) Church of Nesebar dates back to the 1600's. It was one of the few churches that were constructed in Nesebar during rule of the Ottoman Turks. Christians were allowed to erect their house of worship as long as it did not stand out in the city. This explains its fairly modest and simple outside look. You might pass it without realization that it is actually a Christian Church. It has a single nave and a single apse. It measure 12 meters by 6 meters. Inscriptions that are found over South entrance states that frescoes were painted during life of Bishop Kiprian (head of Nesebar seat) in 1609. It is one of the best preserved murals that survive in Nesebar churches. In particular Virgin Platutera in the apse of the church is remarkable. Additionally you can find a tombstone of a Byzantine princess Mataissa Cantacuzina who is buried here. She was originally entombed in the New Metropolitan (Metropoliiya) church in 1441, but later coffin with her remains was moved here by the orders of the bishop of Nesebar. Today the church serves as a museum of the city.

 

 

17. Church of Saint Clement of Nesebar(Nesebar)

Constructed: 17th century

Church of Saint Clement was constructed in Nesebar in the 1600's. Many of its beautiful frescoes are well preserved and clearly visible despite lack of any restoration.

18. Church of Virgin Eleusa (Nesebar)

Church of Virgin Eleusa

Constructed: 1873

Church of Saint Mary or Assumption of a Virgin of Nesebar is one of the few active Bulgarian Orthodox Churches in Nesebar that was constructed in 1873. It is operational and services are held inside.

20. Nesebar Windmill (Nesebar)

Constructed: 18th century

Windmill that is found at the entrance to the Nesebar Old Town have been preserved since the 1700's. Location of the town allowed constant fresh sea breeze to keep the mill working.

 

19. Turkish baths (khamam) in Nesebar (Nesebar)

Constructed: 18th century

Turkish baths or khamam or hamam of Nesebar were constructed in the 1700's at the time when the country was ruled by the Ottoman Turkish Empire. It was an important place for men of Nesebar to met, socialize and discuss serious matters of the state and personal business. Today they are left abandoned and closed. yet they are in a good state of preservation.

21. The house of Moskoyani- Ethnographic museum (Nesebar)

Constructed: 1840

Open: 10:30am- 1:30pm, 2- 6pm Tue- Sun June- Sept

10:30am- 1:30pm, 2- 6pm May- Oct

Closed: Mondays, Nov- March

Entrance Fee: adult BGN 3, student BGN 2, groups BGN 2.50 per person

 

The house of Moskoyani- Ethnographic museum is dedicated to traditional life of residents of Nesebar.

 

22. The house of Captain Pavel (Nesebar)

Constructed: 19th century

This is a former residence of a notable folk hero that was preserved since the 19th century.

 

23. Ensembles of houses of the Bulgarian National Revival in Nesebar (18th- 19th century) (Nesebar)

Nesebar Street Nesebar Street Nesebar Street

Houses of the Old City quarters is a special component of unique Bulgarian feel. Residents of the settlement constructed their homes as a two story building. The first floor was made mostly from stone and rocks and was reserved for the economic purposes. Today many of them are turned into restaurants, hotels, hostels, small shops with souvenirs and etc. The second story was made mostly from wood and was considered a residential part of home. The second floor is usually slightly bigger in area so it appear to hang over the streets outside. Local claim that it was a smart way for Bulgarian Christian citizens to escape heavy taxes of the Ottoman Turkish Empire that burdened them. Property and real estate taxes only taxed land underneath the fist floor of the house. Home owners purposefully made it slightly smaller, while the second floor could be made slightly larger to escape extra levies and government taxes.

 

Nesebar Street  Nesebar Street

This is only part of destinations that are located in the Old City of Nesebar. Every year archaeological digs uncover something new and interesting in this city. Just recently archaeologists discovered a burial of an ancient Greek woman that dates back to the third century BC. Her massive stone sarcophagus was opened by scientists and there they discovered remains of a influential aristocratic woman along with her most valuable possessions including golden ear rings in a shape of a lion head. Other finds include bronze mirror and pottery that probably contained perfumes, food and water for the afterlife.

In 2003 construction workers were working in the sewage system underneath the city. There they accidentally discovered a whole ancient temple after one of the walls have collapsed. Archaeologists estimated that this pagan religious complex was constructed in the second century before birth of Christ. We can guess what other mysteries and secrets are hiding below medieval streets.

 

 

New Nesebar

Aqua Paradise Aqua park (Nesebar)

Aqua Paradise is the largest water park in Bulgaria with its total area of 30,000 feet. It contains 40 water slides and other attractions. It was recently opened in 2006 in the New part of the city and significantly expanded in 2009. In addition to water pools and slides Aqua Paradise Aqua park houses a coffee bar and a restaurant with international cuisine. The park is open between May 21st and September 14th.

 

Mineral water spring "Geranite" (Nesebar)

Mineral water springs "Geranite" is situated near a North beach. They were famous for its homeopathic medical benefits since the ancient times. They are available to tourists and you can try on your own. Local legends claim that "Geranite" is only visible part of the underground river that flows through a cave. Some locals even claimed to have descended to that underground water system and even discovered ancient Roman coins. Whether truth of fiction, but local residents are absolutely certain that health benefits of "Geranite" is owed due to a large treasure buried by the Roman legionnaires at the source of water springs.

 

 

Practical Information about traveling to Nesebar

 

Nesebar Weather

The weather is Nesebar is warm and stable. In summers the average temperature is at the high 70's F. In winter months it rarely goes below freezing point. The best time to visit Nesebar is between May and October. The driest months of the year usually lasts between July and August. While many tourists flock to the city in the early and middle of summer it might be wise to visit this destination in August and September. The heat is more bearable in these months, while crowds of visitors have subsided.

Transport in Nesebar

Most of the Nesebar Old City is not accessible by anything larger than a small sedan. Some of the streets are even narrow than that. So the best way to explore Nesebar is by walking around by foot. Most of the city is situated on a peninsula with relative little elevation so you don't have to walk up and down all day. However you should keep in mind that during summer months the weather might become difficult to bear. So keep well hydrated, wear sun tan and cover your head.

 

Health and safety in Nesebar

Keep an eye on what you eat and what you drink while you travel in Nesebar. Avoid consuming food outside of restaurants and well respected places. You don't want to get complications due to careless food vendor who doesn't follow simple hygiene procedures. Also don't forget to take bottled water at all times. The climate in Nesebar in summers can be very hot and well hydration is essential. As you walk through narrow streets you can also encounter small water fountains that are known locally as Cheshma (pictured above on the left). It is up to you whether you want to risk your health and use it.

 

Food in Nesebar

Nesebar is surrounded by water so it is not surprising that sea food makes up much of the local cuisine. It is certainly worth a try. Although I can not pass without mentioning the best soup I've ever tried. It is called Shkembe Chorba. It is made of lamb intestines and usually require some vinegar to add. Now it might seem unpleasant and probably gross, but it is without a doubt one the best foods I've tried in my life. Unlike muscle meat, intestines are not as rough. The gentle meat just melts in your mouth.

 

 

Nesebar Sunset

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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