Ermak Travel Guide

 

The World at your fingertips 

 

 

 

 

Feel free to leave your comments below. If you want to share your knowledge, additional information or experience in a particular place your input is more than welcome.

 

Bulgaria

 

Bulgaria Destinations Travel Guide

 

 

Language: Bulgarian

Currency: Lev (BGN)

Calling code: 359

History

 

 

 

Travel Destinations in Bulgaria

 

Blagoevgrad Province (Bulgaria)

Pirin Mountains

 

Pirin National Park is a located in the southwest Bulgaria and encompasses the larger part of the Pirin Mountain.

Rozhen Monastery

 

Rozhen Monastery and village below got its name from Bulgarian word for “birth” referring to the main church of Holy Jesus' Birth.

   

 

Burgas Province (Bulgaria)

Nesebar

 

Nesebar is one of the most beautiful and unique cities in Bulgaria. Situated on the Black sea coast it lies on the island connected with the mainland by a small artificial isthmus.

     

 

Gabrovo Province (Bulgaria)

Bacho Kiro/ Drayanovski Monastery

 

Dryanovo Monastery is functional Orthodox monastery located 5 km from Dryanovo. This medieval complex was constructed next to a cave Bacho Kiro that was inhibited by humans since the Stone Age.

Etar

 

Etar is an architectural ethnographic museum situated near city of Gabrovo in Central Bulgaria.

 

Sokolski Monastery

 

Sokolski Monastery is Bulgarian Orthodox Monastery found in 1833 and named after its founder Yosif Sokolski.

Tryavna

 

Tryavna is a historic Bulgarian city in Central Bulgaria situated in the Tryavna river valley.

 

Kardzhali Province (Bulgaria)

Perperikon

 

Perperikon is an ancient settlement located 15 km northeast of Kardzhali in the Western Rhodopes.

     

 

Kyustendil Province (Bulgaria)

Rila Monastery

 

The monastery of Saint John of Rila also known as Rila Monastery is the largest and most visited monastery in Bulgaria.

Sedemte Ezera (Seven Lakes)

 

Sedemte Ezera or Seven Lakes is located in the Northwestern Rila mountains at the altitudes between 2100 and 2500 meters.

   

 

Lovech Province (Bulgaria)

Lovech

 

Lovech is one of the oldest cities in Bulgaria. Signs of human settlements date back to prehistoric times.

Glozhene Monastery

 

Glozhene Monastery was named after its founder, Russian knyaz Georgi Glozh who managed to flee Kievan Rus after it was overrun by the Mongol hordes in 1239.

Troyan Monastery

 

Monastery of the Dormition of the Most Holy Mother of God or simply Troyan Monastery as it is widely known is one of the largest and most important monasteries in Bulgaria.

 

 

Pazardzhik Province (Bulgaria)

Snezhanka Cave

 

Snezhanka Cave or Snowflake Cave is located in the South Bulgaria, 5 km from a town of Peshtera.

     

 

Pernik Province (Bulgaria)

Zemen Monastery

 

Zemen Monastery is a medieval monastery lost in the Bulgarian wilderness. The monastery was found in the 11th century.

 

     

 

Plovdiv Province (Bulgaria)

Bachkovo Monastery

 

Bachkovski Monastery is the second largest monastery in Bulgaria and one of the oldest Orthodox monasteries in Europe.

Central Balkan National Park

 

Central Balkan National Park is situated in the Central Bulgaria and it covers 71,670 hectares with other half covered by virgin forests.

Plovdiv

 

Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria and one of the oldest cities with a history of settlement dating back to 6000 BC.

 

 

Ruse Province (Bulgaria)

Cherven Castle

 

Cherven Castle or Red Castle in Bulgarian was constructed in the 11th through 14th century.

     

 

Shumen Province (Bulgaria)

Madara Rider or Horseman

 

Madara Horseman is named after Madara plateau located near village of Madara was sacred since the time of the Thracians.

Pliska

 

Historical city of Pliska was a first capital of Danubian Bulgrian also known as The First Bulgarian Kingdom between years 681 and 893 AD.

Shumen Fortress

 

Shumen Fortress is a medieval walled city situated on a high plateau just outside of Shumen in the Shumen Province of North- East Bulgaria.

Veliki Preslav

 

Veliki Preslav served as a capital of  the First Bulgarian Empire: 893- 972 AD. 

 

Smolyan Province (Bulgaria)

Chudni Mostove

 

Chudni Mostove (Wonderful bridges) are located at in the South of Bulgaria in the Western Rodopi mountains, one of the few wilderness untouched by man in the country.

Western Rhodopes

 

Western Rhodopes is one of the most isolated regions of Bulgaria. Famous for its traditional throat singing the region keeps its unique culture and traditions.

   

 

Sofia Province (Bulgaria)

Borovets

 

Borovets resort is the oldest resort in Bulgaria that is open all year for thousands of tourists. It is within one hour drive from Bulgarian capital of Sofia.

Koprivshitsa

 

Koprivshtitsa is a small town in Western Bulgaria located in the valley of Topolnitsa River in the heart of the Sredna Gora mountains.

Sofia

 

Sofia is the largest city in Bulgaria and also its capital. Although often overlooked by foreigners it is one of the nicest cities in Eastern Europe.

Vitosha National Park

 

Located just miles from a Bulgarian capital of Sofia Vitosha National Park is easily accessed by public transport.

 

Stara Zagora Province (Bulgaria)

Shipka Pass

 

Shipka Pass of the Stara Planina (Old Mountain) is a historic site of a battle between Russian and Bulgarian armies against the Turkish forces.

     

 

Varna Province (Bulgaria)

Aladzha Monastery

 

Aladzha Monastery is a medieval Bulgarian Orthodox Monastery carved in the cliff side.

     

 

Veliko Tirnovo (Bulgaria)

Emen Gorge

 

Emen Gorge is natural canyon that is a nice destination for a half day trip.

Nikopolis ad Nestum

 

Ruins of Nikopolis ad Nestum (ad Mestum) are all that remains from a ancient Roman border fortifications.

Veliko Tarnovo

 

Veliko Tarnovo is famous for its three- walled citadel in the middle of the city called Tsarevets.

 

 

Vidin Province (Bulgaria)

Belogradchik

 

First sections of the Belogradchik Fortress or Kaleto (from Turkish "kale"- fortress) as it is widely known locally was constructed by the Romans in the first century.

Magura Cave

 

Magura Cave is famous site of prehistoric human settlement those inhabitants left paintings on cave sides.

Vidin Castle

 

Vidin Castle or Baba Vida (grandma Vida) as it often called is a medieval castle that was built in the end of the 10th century.

 

 

Vratsa Province (Bulgaria)

Ledenika Cave

 

Ledenika Cave in Bulgarian means "icy" cave. It lies in the Northwest part of Vratsa mountains, which are part of the Stara Planina (Old Mountain) range.

 

     

 

Yambol Province (Bulgaria)

Kabile

 

Kabile Archaeological Park was first settled around 10th- 6th century BC.

     

 

 

Geography of Bulgaria

Bulgaria is a states in the South- Eastern Europe in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. It borders Romania in the North, Macedonia, Serbia in the West and Turkey, Greece in the South. The eastern part of the country borders with a Black Sea. The country has mostly mountainous terrain with ridges Stara Planina, Middle Mountain, Rila, Pirin and Rhodopes. The highest peak is Mount Musala at a height of 2925 meters.

Bulgarian Politics

Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic. The head of the state is the president who gets elected every five years.

Religion in Bulgaria

More than 85% of the country are Eastern Orthodox. About 12% are Sunni Muslims who usually live in the south part of the country. Jews make up 0.8%, Roman Catholics 0.5% and Protestants 0.5%. Additionally they are many cults and charismatic movements that were usually found around Christianity or Eastern Religions. Among these the woman who is believed by some to be a prophet, Vanga is probably most famous in Bulgaria and abroad.

Bulgarian Traditions

Bulgarians are probably the only people in the World who shake their head in agreement and nod their heads in denial.

Language in Bulgaria

The official language in the country is Bulgarian. Most people are fluent in English, German, French. Older generations usually speak Russian as a second language.

Emergency phones

Police 166

Ambulance 150

Fire 160

Road assistance 146

Telephone information: 144

Traffic police: +359 2/ 982 72 823, 866 50 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

blog comments powered by Disqus