Ermak Travel Guide

 

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Rome

View of Rome

Rome is the capital of Italy and Lazio region. "Eternal City" as it was called by the Ancient people is one of the most popular tourist destinations today. Its historical center occupies an area of seven hills. A river Tiber flows through it from North to South. For centuries Rome was a small settlement in the heart of Apennine peninsula. However due to its strategic location in the center of Mediterranean and aggressive policy, together with number of innovations in military technology propelled this city to a status of a superpower those legacy we feel to this day in many aspects of our lives.

 

Location: Rome

Vatican

 

 

Travel Destinations in Rome

Colosseum (Rome)

While stands the Coliseum, Rome shall stand

When falls the Coliseum, Rome shall fall,

And when Rome falls- the world.

Colosseum  Colosseum

Piazza del Colosseo

Tel. 06- 3006 7700

Bus: 75, 81, 85, 87, 117, 175, 673, 810

Subway: Colosseo

Open: 9am- 1 hour before sunset

Closed: Jan 1, May 1, Dec 25

  

Rome's Forum

Rome's Forum  Roman Forum Map

Trojan's Market (Rome)

 

Mercati Traianei, Via IV Novembre

Tel. 06- 679 00 48

Busses: 64, 70, 170

Open: 9am- 5pm Tue- Sun

Closed: Jan 1, May 1, Dec 25

Since shopping existed in the Ancient Roman times, it is natural to assume that so did the malls. This one was constructed in the early 2nd century by emperor Trajan. Parts of the markets were reused as modern living space.

 

Basilica Aemilia (Rome)

 

Basilica was constructed in 179 BC by councils Marcus Aemilius Lepidus and Marcus Fulvius Nobilor. It was a long rectangular structure with columns around its perimeter. It was a gathering place for politicians, businessmen and other prominent figures. In a sense ancient Roman form of lobby. Besides publicani or tax lenders were commonly seen here. They made agreement with the state to collect certain amount of money and keep the rest to themselves. It is no surprise that writers of the Bible loathed and despised this particular group of people since their business techniques were less than moral. Basilica survived till 410 AD then invading Visigoths took the city. The heat from fire was so intense you still can see melted coins in the marble floor of the Basilica.

Basilica Aemilia (Rome)

Curia (Rome)

Curia (Rome)

Unfortunately this building looks so well preserved because it is merely a restoration of the ancient Curia that was erected here in 52 BC by Julius Caesar to hold meetings of the Roman Senate. It was restored by Domitian in 94 AD and Diocletian in the 3rd century. Current Curia date back to 1937. Inside you can see two panels that were removed from Rostra for preservation. One recounts his meeting with a simple woman with a child, another depicts his act of burning tax records thus eliminating all of the debts of Roman citizens. Back then they did not have Wall Street to bail out apparently.

 

Memtine Prison (Rome)

Clivo Argentario 1

Tel. 06- 679 29 02

Bus: 84, 85, 87, 175, 186, 810, 850

Open: 9am- 12:30pm, 2- 5pm daily

Memtine Prison is one the gloomiest and creepiest places in the Ancient Rome. Unlike other structure it is located underneath the Forum and below church of San Giuseppe dei Falegnami. At the time known as Tullianum it is a former cistern that was dried to make room for the prisoners. Its connection to the main sewer or cloaca maxima was not cut so all the bodies of executed people were simply dumped with a flow. There was no reason or need for a burial. It was here that brave Gaulish leader Vercingetorix met his end in 52 BC after being defeated and captured by Julius Caesar.

 

Memtine Prison (Rome)

It is also here that Apostle Peter was arrested and kept. It is said that he opened a spring in the prison floor that he used to baptize his prison guards. Turned cross you will see here is a reference to this apostle since he was crucified upside down.

 

Rostra and Temple of Saturn (Rome)

 

Before the invention of Facebook and MySpace Romans too had a place to state their worthless opinions. And it was their Forum. Or to be exact a place called Rostra. Constructed here on the orders of Julius Caesar in the middle 1st century. It was here where Shakespeare's hero Mark Antony made his famous speech upon assassination of Caesar: "Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears". Later head and hands of Cicero were put here on a display. Mark Antony's wife Fulvia stubbed his tongue with a hairpin. Ironically Mark Antony himself was defeated in a naval battle of Antium in 31 BC. Prows of his ships or rostra were added to the existing podium. Hence the name was born.

 

 

Rostra and Temple of Saturn (Rome)

Temple of Saturn that stands just behind the Rostra dates back to 42 BC, although earlier temples were constructed and replaced since at least early 5th century.

Arch of Septimius Severus (Rome)

Arch of Septimus Severus

One of the best preserved structures in the Forum is this magnificent arch constructed in 203 AD in honor of the tenth anniversary of rule of Septimius Severus. If you have good eyesight or binoculars you can read the name of the emperor Septimius himself along with Caracalla. Famous leader also etched a name of his second son Geta, but this one was less fortunate. He was killed by his own brother Caracalla and his name was barbarically removed from the arch. It is barely visible now. Overtime the soil covered many of the structures including the arch. In the Middle Ages it was used as probably the best looking barbershop in all of the Europe.

San Lorenzo in Miranda (Rome)

Rome San Lorenzo in Miranda

Open: 10am- 12pm Thu

The portico of this Catholic Church and its fundament was constructed in 141 AD as part of temple of Antoninus and Faustina. It was originally dedicated by emperor Antonius Pius to honor his wife Faustina. After his death Romans decided to add him as a deity. San Lorenzo or Saint Lawrence Church was added much later as a tribute to Saint Lawrence who was said to be condemned to death on this place.

 

Column of Phocas (Rome)

Column of Phocas (Rome)Column of Phocas might not be very spectacular, but it should mentioned anyway. Column reached height of 13.5 meters (44 feet). It was erected here in 608 AD to commemorate visit by East Roman Byzantine emperor Phocas.

 

 

Arch of Constantine (Rome)

Arch of Constantine (Rome)

The arch of Constantine was constructed here in 315 AD to celebrate victory of emperor Constantine over his rival Maxentius. A legend states that Constantine had a dream before the battle where he saw a Christian Cross that lead him to victory. He made his soldiers paint a cross on their shields, he won and then he constructed an arch that did not have a single Christian cross on it. Although he did issue an Edict of Milan in 313 which made Christianity legal and tolerate. It will take several decades before it became the official religion of the state. An interesting feature of the monument is that much of it was stolen from much older buildings and monuments. In some reliefs you see Trajan conquer the Dacian tribes of Romania. In other you see Marcus Aurelius distribute the bread to the poor.

 

 

 

Temple of Vesta (Rome)

Temple of Vesta (Rome)

House of the Vestal Virgins (Rome)

House of the Vestal Virgins (Rome)

 

Temple of Romulus and Santi Cosma e Damiano (Rome)

Temple of Romulus and Santi Cosma e Damiano (Rome)

Tel. 06-692 04 41

Open: 9am- 1pm, 3-7pm daily

Creche closed Mon and Wed am

 

Santa Francesca Romana (Rome)

Santa Francesca Romana (Rome)

Piazza di Santa Francesca Romana

Tel. 06-679 55 28

Bus: 85, 87, 117, 175, 810

Subway: Colosseo

Open: 9:30am- 12pm, 3- 5pm daily

 

 

Torre delle Milizie (Rome)

Torre delle Milizie (Rome)

 

Basilica Julia (Rome)

Basilica Julia (Rome)

Temple of Castor and Pollux (Rome)

Temple of Castor and Pollux (Rome)

Basilica of Constantine and Maxentius (Rome)

Basilica of Constantine and Maxentius (Rome)

Arch of Titus (Rome)

Arch of Titus (Rome)  Arch of Titus (Rome)

Casa dei Cavalieri di Rodi (Rome)

Casa dei Cavalieri di Rodi (Rome)

Temple of Venus and Roma (Rome)

Temple of Venus and Roma (Rome)

 

Rome Capitol

Piazza Del Campidoglio (Rome)

 

Central Plaza of the Capitol Hill is a product of Michelangelo genius. Both geometric paving and appearance of the facades of the surrounding buildings were designed by Renaissance artist. Michelangelo also designed magnificent staircase Cordonata that leads up to the Piazza. Even though the general design was completed in the mid- 16th century on the orders of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V actual completion date back to the 17th century. Statue of on the horseback that stands in the middle of the square is that of Marcus Aurelius of the 2nd century. It is a copy of an actual statue that is housed in the Palazzo Nuovo.

 

Palazzo Senatorio (Rome)

 

Piazza del Campidoglio

Tel. 06- 3996 7800

Bus: 63, 70, 75, 81, 87, 95, 160, 170, 204, 628, 716

Open: 9am- 8pm Tue- Sun

Closed: Jan 1, May 1, Dec 25

www.museicapitolini.org

Palazzo Senatorio was constructed in the mid- 16th century under guidance of Giacomo della Porta who followed design of Michelangelo. Its name is given since it was used by the Roman Senate from about 12th century.

 

Tarpeian Rock (Rome)

 

Via di Monte Caprino and Via del Tempio di Giove

Tarpeian Rock the south tip of the Capitol Hill this rock was used to kill traitors and other criminals. The name for location comes from a young woman Tarpeia, daughter of Spurious Tarpeius who participated in defense of the city from the Sabine tribes. According to one of the Rome's legend Sabines were enraged by treachery of the Roman men who stole many of the Sabine women. Tarpeia promised to betray here countrymen for riches that enemy soldiers wore: rings, bracelets and etc. They did carry out their promise throwing everything at her including heavy shields that crushed young woman and ultimately killed her. The war had an unexpected ending. Sabine women who were forcefully made wives and bore children from their Roman husbands asked their brothers and fathers to stop the killing and spare fathers of their children. The war ended, but Tarpeian Rock turned into a symbolic place for killing for all traitors of Rome.

 

Santa Maria in Aracoeli (Rome)

 

Piazza d'Aracoeli

Tel. 06-679 81 55

Open: 9am- 12:30pm, 3-6 pm daily

Aracoeli Staircase constructed in 1348 leads to the top of the Capitol Hill to this interesting church those origins date back to the 6th century. Current structure date back to rule of Pope Gregory XIII in the 16th century. The columns that support the ceiling are very different from each other. All of them were collected from different ancient monuments and temples. The third column on the left as you enter the church come from the bedroom of the emperor Augustus Octavian. Interior frescoes date back as early as 15th century by Pinturicchio (Funeral of St. Bernardino).

 

Palazzo Venezia and Museum (Rome)

Palazzo Venezia and Museum

Via del Plebiscito 118

Tel. 06-6999 4318

Open: 9:30am- 7pm Tue- Sun

Closed: Jan 1, May 1, Dec 25

 

Palazzo Nuovo (Rome)

Palazzo Nuovo

Piazza del Campidoglio

Tel. 06- 3996 7800

Bus: 63, 70, 75, 81, 87, 95, 160, 170, 204, 628, 716

Open: 9am- 8pm Tue- Sun

Closed: Jan 1, May 1, Dec 25

www.museicapitolini.org

Palazzo Nuovo is located on the north side of Piazza Del Campidoglio. It was made into one of the finest Capitoline museums in the time of Renaissance. Many works of the ancient art are housed here. Ticket that you purchase here is also valid for another Capitoline Museum- Palazzo dei Conservatori.

 

Palazzo dei Conservatori (Rome)

Palazzo dei Conservatori

Piazza del Campidoglio

Tel. 06- 3996 7800

Bus: 63, 70, 75, 81, 87, 95, 160, 170, 204, 628, 716

Open: 9am- 8pm Tue- Sun

Closed: Jan 1, May 1, Dec 25

www.museicapitolini.org

Victor Emmanuel Monument (Rome)

Victor Emmanuel Monument

Victor Emmanuel Monument is a magnificent complex was finished in 1911 from pure white marble. It commemorates the first king of unified Italy Victor Emmanuel.

 

Roman Insula (Rome)

Piazza d'Aracoeli

Roman Insula

Roman Insula is tucked between Victor Emmanuel Monument and Aracoeli Staircase this ruined Roman apartment building dates back to the Imperial times.

 

 

San Marco (Rome)

Piazza San Marco 48

Tel. 06-679 52 05

Open: 7:30am- 12:30pm, 4- 7:30pm Mon- Sat

8am- 1:15pm, 4- 7:30pm Sun

 

Rome Palatine Hill

Palatine Hill  Palatine Hill  Palatine Hill

Tips: ticket to Palatine covers Colosseum. buy there to avoid long lines.

Tel. 06-3996 7700

Bus: 75, 85, 87, 117, 175, 186, 810, 850

Subway: Colosseo

Open: 9am- 1 hour before sunset

Closed: public holidays

 

Domus Flavia (Rome)

Domus Flavia (Rome)

Domus Augustana (Rome)

Domus Augustana (Rome)  Domus Augustana (Rome)

House of Livia (Rome)

House of Livia (Rome)

House of Livia (Rome) House of Livia (Rome)

 

Stadium (Rome)

Stadium (Rome)

Huts of Romulus (Rome)

Huts of Romulus (Rome)

Farnese Gardens (Rome)

Farnese Gardens (Rome)

Temple of Cybele (Rome)

Temple of Cybele (Rome)

Cryptoporticus (Rome)

Cryptoporticus (Rome)

 

Piazza Della Rotonda

Gesu (Rome)

Gesu (Rome)  Gesu

Piazza del Gesu

Tel. 06-69 70 01

Bus: H, 46, 62, 64, 70, 81, 87, 186, 492, 628, 810

Open: 6am- 12:30pm, 4- 7:15pm daily

 

Palazzo Doria Pamphilj (Rome)

Palazzo Doria Pamphilj

Palazzo Doria Pamphilj (Rome)  Palazzo Doria Pamphilj (Rome)

Sant' Ignazio di Loyola (Rome)

Sant' Ignazio di Loyola (Rome) Sant' Ignazio di Loyola (Rome)

Piazza di Sant' Ignazio

Tel. 06-679 44 06

Bus: 117, 119, 492

Open: 7:30am- 12:30pm, 3- 7:15pm daily

Sant' Ignazio di Loyola (Rome)

 

Pantheon (Rome)

 Pantheon

Piazza della Rotunda

Tel. 06-6830 0230

Bus: 116

Open: 8:30am- 7:30pm Mon- Sat

9am- 6pm Sun

Closed: Jan 1, May 1, Dec 25

Pantheon was originally build by Agrippa in 27 BC as a temple devoted to all deities worshiped by the Romans, it was rebuild by emperor Hadrian (117- 38). Roman Pantheon is probably the best preserved single structure from the Roman empire. With 20 feet thick walls at the base this structure supports a large dome with diameter of 142 feet. At highest point its height equals its diameter forming a perfect square. The floor is slanted slightly to the center so that water could easily drain away. Since it has no windows on the side the only opening was made at the highest point of the temple. “Oculus” or “eye” is a thirty feet across and served as the only source of light. The dome over Pantheon influenced design of Saint Peter’s dome in Rome and dome of the Florence cathedral.

 

Pantheon escaped destruction largely due to the fact that it became a Christian Church. However in the 17th century over active pope Urban VIII (born Maffeo Barberini) started removing bronze nails and plates from the temple to melt them into a baldachin over St. Peter’s altar. Romans hate this so much that a saying appeared: “What barbarians did not do, Barbarini (Ital. for “small barbarian”) has done”. Today Pantheon is a resting place of artist Raphael (died 1520), king and unifier of Italy Victor Emmanuel II (died 1878) and king Umberto I who was assassinated in 1900.

 

Temple of Hadrian (Rome)

 

La Borsa, Piazza di Pietra

Bus: 117, 119, 492

Temple of Hadrian is a Ancient Roman structure that was constructed on the orders of a Roman Emperor Hadrian in the early 2nd century AD.

 

 

Palazzo del Collegio Romano (Rome)

Palazzo del Collegio Romano (Rome)  Palazzo del Collegio Romano (Rome)

Piazza del Collegio Romano

Bus: 117, 119, 492

Closed to the public

 

Piazzo Navona

Piazzo Navona (Rome)

Piazzo Navona

Piazzo Navona Piazzo Navona

 

Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi (Rome)

Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi (Rome)

Esquiline

Santa Maria Maggiore (Rome)

Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore

Tel. 06- 48 31 95

Bus: 16, 70, 71, 714

Subway: Termini, Cavour

Open: 7am- 7pm daily

 

The church of Santa Maria Maggiore was originally constructed here in 356 by pope Liberius. Legend claims that he saw a Virgin in his dream who told him that snow will show him where to build a new church. On August 5th snow fell on Rome and the first place it covered was current location of the church. Hence to this day the Miracle of Snow is celebrated with thousands of white flowers and petals representing the August snow. Then it comes to architectural style Santa Maria Maggiore is truly a symbol of Rome. Old and new are so organically build into each other it is hard to distinguish which part belong to what period. Its colonnaded triple nave is that of the 5th century church that originally stood here. Additionally mosaics on triumphal arch and biblical scenes date to that time period. Bell Tower is a medieval. Renaissance gave church its beautiful ceiling and Baroque added its twin domes.

 

Further Afield

Catacombe di Priscilla (Rome)

 Catacombe di Priscilla

Via Salaria, 430

Tel. +39 06 8620 6272

www.catacombepriscilla.com/

Catacombe di Priscilla or the "Queen of the Catacombs" is a burial ground for 7 early popes and many early Christian martyrs who died for their faith. Its name was given after Priscila wife of consul Acilius, from an influental patrician family of Acilii, who was killed by emperor Domitian for his Christian beliefs. The catacombs were burial grounds for Christians and also places for their worship to escape watchful eye of the state. Cappella Greca or Greek Chapel still preserves stucco decorations from the third century. Today tourists can enter the catacombs through the cloister of the monastery of the Benedictines of Priscilla.

 

 

The Borghese Gallery (Rome)

The Borghese Gallery

Piazzale del Museo Borghese

Tel. +39 06 841 3979

Official site

The Borghese Gallery The Borghese Gallery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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