Ermak Travel Guide

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Vatican

Vatican

Vatican is an independent city state on the outskirts of Rome. It is ruled by theocratic government of the Roman Catholic Church. Vatican is the official residence of the Catholic pope.

 

  • Location: Rome

 

 

 

Travel Destinations in Vatican

Saint Peter (Vatican)

 

Piazza San Pietro

Tel. 06- 6988 3731

Subway: Ottaviano S. Pietro

Bus: 23, 40, 49, 64, 81, 491

www.vatican.va

Basilica

Open: 7am- 7pm Thu- Tue

1- 6pm Wed

Oct- March 7am- 6pm

Dome

Open: 8am- 6pm daily

Oct- March 8am- 5pm

 

Treasury

Open: 9am- 6pm daily

Oct- March 9am- 5pm

Grottoes

Open: 9am- 6pm daily

 

Cathedral of Saint Peter stands in the center of Vatican, one of the most sacred sights for Catholics around the World. According to a Christian tradition current church sits on top of burial site of Christ's apostle Saint Peter. A shrine was erected on top of his tomb as early as second century. In the fourth century emperor Constantine, first open Christian ruler of the Roman empire erected the first basilica to honor the saint. Current magnificent Renaissance cathedral was commissioned in 1506 during rule of Pope Julius II. He managed to gather all workers of the time to construct a magnificent church. It took over a century to complete Saint Peter. However parts of the original basilica have been preserved in various parts of the current Saint Peter's Cathedral.

 

The Dome of Saint Peter's Cathedral measures at 137 meters (448 feet). It was designated by great artist Michelangelo. However he didn't live long enough to see his creation completed in 1590. However Michelangelo did complete one of the most famous statues in the World known as Pieta. It was completed in 1499 when great artist was 25 years old. Today it stands behind a bullet proof glass after an attack of 1972.

 

 

Piazza San Pietro or Saint Peter's Square in front of a Saint Peter's Cathedral is most visited site in Vatican. It is surrounded by a colonnade designated by artist Bernini.

 

 

 

Castel Sant' Angelo (Vatican)

 

Lungotevere Castello 50

Tel. 06- 681 9111

Bus: 23, 34, 40, 280

Open: Tue- Sun

Closed: public holidays

www.castelsangelo.com

Castel Sant' Angelo or Castle of Saint Angel is a massive cylindrical fortress named after Archangel Michael. Originally the castle was constructed in 139 AD by Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself. Later it was turned into a medieval citadel and a prison. In the 6th century Castel Sant' Angelo got its official name. According to a common believe pope Gregory the Great who lived in the 6th century had a vision during a plague that struck Vatican and Rome. In his dream Roman pope saw Archangel Michael lead a procession across a river to salvation at Castel Sant' Angelo. Amazingly Castel Sant' Angelo kept many of its original rooms in perfect condition. This includes prison cells that used to keep inmates as well as private apartments for Roman popes who used to hide here in the time of civil unrest.

 

Vatican Museums (Vatican)

Citta del Vaticano (entrance from Viale Vaticano)

Tel. 06- 6988 4947

www.vatican.va

Subway: Ottaviano S. Pietro, Cipro Musei Vaticani

Bus: 23, 49, 81, 492, 990

Open: 9am- 6pm (last admission to museum at 4pm) Mon- Sat

8:30am- 2:30pm (last admission to museum at 12:30pm) last Sunday of the month

Closed: holidays

Vatican Museum is one of the largest and most interesting museum of art in the World. During four centuries its collection was filled with the best examples of Classical and Renaissance art.

 

The Sistine Chapel (Vatican)

The Sistine Chapel was constructed in 1473 during reign of pope Sixtus IV. The chapel was also named after him. This religious building is most famous for beautiful frescoes of artist Michelangelo. Works like the Creation of the World, the Last Judgement, Fall of Man and many others are World famous. Additionally frescoes of Botticelli, Ghirlandaio, Perugino, Roselli, Signorelli and many others adore walls of the Sistine Chapel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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