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Lithuania

Lithuania Destinations Travel Guide

 

 

 

Flag of Lithuania

Language: Lithuanian

Currency: Lithuanian litas

Calling Code: 370

 

 

 

 

Travel Destinations in Lithiania

 

Aukštaitija National Park

 

Aukštaitija National Park situated in Ignalina region of Lithuania 100 km North of Vilnus. This natural reserve covers an area of 406 sq km.

Biržai Castle

 

Elegant Birzai Castle was constructed between 1586 and 1589 by Duke Kristupas Radvila.

Dzūkija National Park

 

Dzukija National Park is a large protected area in Lithuania that is famous for its natural beauty as well as historic sites.

Hill of Crosses

 

Hill of Crosses is an impressive collection of numerous crosses. It is a place of spiritual and Litguanian national pride.

Kaunas

 

Kaunas is second largest city in Lithuania that stands on the cofluence of Neris and Nemunas.

Kernave

 

Picturesque hills of Kernave are actually remains of military fortifications of the medieval stronghold that stood on the right bank of the Neris River.

Klaipeda

 

Klaipeda is a large Lithuanian city that was found by the Livonian Order in 1252 to guard its newly acquired possessions.

Kuršių Nerija National Park

 

Kursiu Nerija National Park is Lithuanian nature reserve that protects unique biosphere Curonian Spit, a long narrow peninsula along the Baltic Sea.

Panemune Castle

 

Panemune Castle was erected in the 16th century and replaced medieval stronghod that Teutonic Knights built here to conquer Lithuanian lands inhabited by pagan tribes.

Pazaislis Monastery

 

Roman Catholic Pazaislis Monastery is a beautiful Baroque abbey that is surrounded by Kaunas Sea.

Trakai Island Castle

 

Medieval Trakai Castle is a former royal residence situated on an island in the middle of the lake.

Vilnius

 

Old Town of Vilnius is the largest city in Lithuania and also the capital of the country.

Žemaitija National Park

 

Žemaitija National Park is nature preserve that also harbors abandoned Soviet army base.

     

 

 

History of Lithuania

1236 Samogitian victory over German crusader knights

1240 Lithuania is united under leadership under Duke Mindaugas

1253 Duke Mindaugas is crowned king of Lithuania

1386 Lithuania and Poland are united into largest country in Europe

1410 Battle of Grunwald. Lithuanians and their allies defeat Teutonic knights

1569 Polish- Lithuanian Commonwealth is created, known as Union of Lublin

1655 Russian forces take Vilnius

1795 Final Partition of the Commonwealth. Catherine II the Great takes large portion of the Poland along with Baltic states

1831 Lithuanians rebel against Russian rule. It is crashed by Russian army

1918 Lithuania gets its independence after Russian Revolution of 1917

1926 President Smetona takes power

1940 USSR under Joseph Stalin annexes Baltic states including Lithuania

1941 German army invades Lithuania that is part of USSR at the time

1944 Soviet army reoccupies Lithuania

1955 Partisan war of "Forest Brothers" against Soviet rule dies away in the country

1988 Sajudis Movement begins

1990 Lithuania declares independence

2004 Lithuania joins NATO and becomes member of the EU

 

Visitor Information

www.tourism.lt

 

Embassies in Lithuania

United States

Akmenu 6, Vilnius

www.usembassy.lt

 

United Kingdom

Antakalnio 2, Vilnius

www.britain.lt

 

Australia

Vilnius 23

Tel. (5) 212 3369

 

Canada

Jogailos 4, Vilnius

www.canada.lt

 

Emergency Numbers

Ambulance 03, 112

Fire fighters 01, 112

Police 02, 112

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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