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Ggantija Temple Complex located on an edge of Xagħra plateau on the
island of Gozo was constructed in 4000- 3000 BC.
Ggantija Temple Complex is one of the oldest
man made structures in the World and certainly one of the oldest
megalithic religious temples.
The size of boulders of the Ggantija Temple Complex kept the layout
and general appearance of the religious complex almost intact despite
centuries of abandonment. Ggantija consists of two temples under one
roof. Their entrance faces the south east. This arrangement is constant
in other megalithic structures on islands of Malta, however there is no
definitive theory that would explain the purpose or the meaning of this
direction. Its blocks reach a height of 7.5 meters in places, each
weighting up to 50 tons. Numerous round stones found on the site of
Ggantija Temple Complex and
around its periphery were used as rollers to bring massive slabs to the
construction of the temple. The interior of the Southern temple consists
of a limestone corridor with plastered walls leading to a the five apses
where altars once stood for animal sacrifices. The North temple is
smaller and contains four apses.