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Russia

Russia Destinations Travel Guide

 

 

 

 

Flag of Russia

Language: Russian

Currency: Ruble (RUB)

Calling code: +7

Vocabulary

History

  Haunted, abandoned, weird sites

Orthodox Christian site

 

 

 

Travel Destinations in Russia

 

Arkhangelsk Oblast (Russia)

Aleksandro-Oschevensky Monastery

Ruins of abandoned medieval Russian Orthodox Aleksandro- Oschevensky Monastery are still impressive despite decades of disrepair and neglect.

Kenozersky National Park

 

Kenozersky National Park is a large expanse in the Russian North that has as much hidden Christian and pagan history as pristine virgin forests.

Novodvinskaya Fortress

Novodvinskaya Fortress is an abandoned military complex located at the mouth of the Dvina river in Russia. It was constructed in the early 18th century on the orders of Peter the great.

Pinezhsky National Park

 

Pinezhsky National Park in the Russian North is a large expanse of untouched massif of virgin forests, mountains and numerous caves that remain largely unexplored due to their isolated location.

Solovetsky Monastery

Solovetsky Monastery is the largest and most famous of all Northern Russian monasteries that also served as a prison for political enemies of Soviet State.

     

 

Chelyabinsk Oblast (Russia)

  Arkaim

Arkaim is a massive mysterious ancient city that is still being explored by archeologists who uncover hidden pages of its history.

   

 

Crimean Peninsula (Russia)

Adjimuschkay

Adjimuschkay quarries became famous during World War 2 then remains of the Red Army defended against overwhelming German forces.

Ai Petri Mountain

 

Mountain Ai- Petri is the highest mountain on the Crimean Peninsula at an elevation of 1234 meters (4049 feet). It is towers over municipality of Alupka and Yalta.

Alushta

 

Alushta is spread on the shores of the Black Sea and surrounded by picturesque mountains and ancient ruins.

 

Chersonesus

 

Chersonesus is an ancient archaeological site situated on the outskirts of Sevastopol. It was one of the largest ancient cities on Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine.

Eski Kermen

 

Although the origins of Eski Kermen is unknown the settlement is an impressive maze of galleries cut into a mountain.

Feodosiya

 

Feodosiya is an ancient historic town on the shores of the Black Sea in Crimean Peninsula in South Ukraine.

Fort Kerch

Abandoned Fort Kerch is a spectacular example of military fortifications of the nineteenth century.

Kerch

Kerch is a large town in eastern Crimea on the shore of the Strait of Kerch. Its history dates back thousands of years making it one of the oldest cities in the World.
Livadiya

It is famous as a former residence of imperial family who cme to Crimea regularly. During WWII it became the official residence of three leaders Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt who came here to discuss post war World.

Sevastopol

 

Since the time of Imperial Russia Sevastopol was the military base of the Russian fleet and today Ukrainian fleet as well.

Simeiz

 

Simeiz is a small town tucked on the shores of the bay of the Black Sea. It is located in the Crimean Peninsula in Ukraine.

Simferopol

 

Simferopol is one of the largest cities in Crimea and also serves as the official capital of Crimea. It stands on Salgir river in the center of the peninsula.

Sudak

 

Italian castle of Sudak is probably the last structure expected to see in the Crimea.

Swallow's Nest

 

Perched over a high cliff Swallow's Nest is an ultimate romantic destination.

Yalta

 

Yalta is a beautiful resort town situated on the shores of the Black Sea in Crimean peninsula in Ukraine.

Yeni-Kale

 

An impressive castle of Yeni-Kale was a last attempt by the Turks to keep Crimea from the Russian hands.

 

Buryatia (Russia)

  Ivolginsky Datsan

 

Ivolginsky Datsan is the largest active Buddhist site in Buryatia region of Russia.

Lake Baikal

 

Lake Baikal is the deepest freshwater lake with unique flora and fauna that is not found anywhere else.

 

 

Ivanovo Oblast (Russia)

Ivanovo

 

Ivanovo is a historic medieval town that makes part of the Golden Ring of Russia. It is the largest city and capital of Ivanovo Oblast.

     

 

Kaliningrad Oblast (Russia)

Curonian Spit

 

Curonian Spit is a large nature reserve on a shores of the Baltic Sea in Western Russia.

 

 

   

 

Kaluga Oblast (Russia)

Optina Monastery

Optina Monastery was named after legendary thief Opta who changed his life around Optina Monastery played and import role in Russian life and Russian literature.

     

 

Kamchatka (Russia)

Valley of Geysers

 

Valley of Geysers located on Kamchatka peninsula is a marvelous expression of the nature's might.

     

 

Khabarovsk Krai (Russia)

Sikhote-Alin

 

With little government regulation and virgin forests the only thing you should worry about in Sikhote-Alin are its largest tigers in the World.

     

 

Kostroma Oblast (Russia)

Ipatiev Monastery

Medieval Russian Orthodox Ipatiev Monastery is birthplace of the Romanoff Imperial dynasty.

Kostroma

 

Kostroma is a medieval town in Yaroslavl Oblast of Russia famous for its historic buildings, churches and monasteries.

 

 

 

Krasnodar Kray (Russia)

Krasnaya Polyana

 

Krasnaya Polyana is a mountainous ski resort near Sochi, Russia that hosted 2014 Winter Olympics Games and Paralympics Events.

Sochi

 

Sochi is a large resort city on the shores of the Black Sea in the Krasnodar Krai in the South East Russia. It was also a site of 2014 Winter Olympics.

Sochi National Park

 

Sochi National Park is a large nature reserve in the Western Caucasian mountains.

 

 

Krasnoyarsk Kray (Russia)

  Putorana Plateau

 

Enormous Putorana Plateau is a picturesque geologic formation is located in the Northern Central Siberia.

   

 

Leningrad Oblast (Russia)

Alexander-Svirsky Monastery

Alexander-Svirsky Monastery is on of the largest and impressive monasteries of the Russian North.

Gatchina Palace

 

Gatchina Palace is a former royal residence of Russian Imperial Family in Leningrad Oblast in Russia. It is one of the largest and opulent palaces in the country.

Fabergé's House

Faberje's House is an abandoned estate built in the suburbs of Saint Petersburg by a member of the famous jewel making family.

Fort Alexander

Fort Alexander or Plague Fort is a former military fortress that turned into a secret lab by Russian Emperor.

Fort Ino

Fort Ino or Fort Nikolaevsky is an old abandoned coastal fortress situated in Vyborgsky District.

Fort Krasnaya Gorka

Krasnaya Gorka Fort is an abandoned coastal artillery fortress in Leningrad Oblast of Russia.

Ivangorod Fortress

Ivangorod Fortress is a medieval castle that eventually grew into a city on a border of Russia.

Koporye Castle

Medieval Koporye Castle is a well preserved structure that is largely ignored by the archeologists.

Pavlovsk Palace

 

Pavlovsk Palace is a former royal residence constructed by emperor Paul with a well planned park that surround it.

Peterhof Palace

 

Royal imperial palace at Peterhof well deserves a whole day for exploration of the palace as well as surrounding parks.

Saint Petersburg

 

Saint Petersburg is often referred as the cultural capital of Russia. With so many museums, palaces and historic buildings you will see why.

Shlisselburg

Shlisselburg Castle or Key City as it is known in Swedish played a key role in the difficult relations between the two empires.

Staraya Ladoga

Staraya Ladoga is the first Russian capital back in the day then Slavic tribes were yet to unite under one Viking Rus ruler.

Tichvinsky Uspensky Monastery

Tichvinsky Uspensky Monastery in the North Russia is home of the most famous and venerated Russian Orthodox icons.

Tsarskoye Selo (Pushkin)

 

Tsarskoye Selo (Tsar's Village) is one of the most famous Russian palaces and a former royal residence of the imperial family that is most famous for its Amber Room.

Vyborg Castle

Medieval castle of Vyborg is a strange combination of architectural styles and numerous additions.

White Sea- Baltic Canal

 

White Sea- Baltic Canal or simply Belomorkanal construction became a symbol of Communist oppression after thousands of people died here.

     

 

Moscow Oblast (Russia)

Abramtsevo Estate Museum

 

Abramtsevo Estate Museum was a center of nineteenth century Slavophil Russian movement.

Arkhangelskoe

 

Arkhangelskoe or Arkhangelskoye Estate is a massive country estate surrounded by parks, gardens and fountains.

Borodino Battle Site

 

Borodino is the site of the largest and bloodiest battle of the nineteenth century Russian Imperial Army and Napoleon.

Dmitrov

 

Medieval Russian town of Dmitrov was named in honor of Saint Demetrius, patron saint of founder's son who was also born in the city.

Grebnebo

Grebnevo estate outside of Moscow is currently abandoned and offers a great opportunity for those who enjoy to explore abandoned ruins.

Joseph-Volokolamsk Monastery

Medieval religious complex of Joseph-Volokolamsk Monastery is virtually untouched and kept its original look.

Kolomenskoye

 

Kolomenskoe religious complex was constructed in honor of prince Ivan who latter became known as Terrible.

Kolomna

 

Kolomna is an old medieval town situated 114 km from Moscow. It was constructed in 1177 at a strategic location of confluence of Moskva and Oka rivers.

Kuskovo

 

Kuskovo Palace along with the surrounding parks is one the best examples of Russian architecture of the eighteenth century.

Moscow

 

Russian capital Moscow improved a lot in the past twenty years since collapse of USSR and presents a great destination for any tourist.

New Jerusalem Monastery

New Jerusalem Monastery is an interesting attempt to recreate Jerusalem and Holy Land on Russian soil.

Ostankino Palace

 

Ostankino Palace is recently reconstructed mansion in the Moscow's suburbs that date back to the 18th century.

Sergiev Posad

Sergiev Posad is one of the most important monasteries of Russia that saw many key events in country's history.

Serpukhov

 

Serpukhov was constructed as a military fortification to defend the South approach of the Russian capital.

S'yani

S'yani or Syani is one of the largest and oldest human made mines in Russia, those stones were used to construct Kremlin fortifications in the fourteenth century.

Tchakovsky House Museum

 

House Museum of the World Russian composer P.I. Tchakovsky is also a birthplace for much of his music.

Tsaritsyno Park

 

Tsaritsyno Park is famous for its magnificent palace constructed here in 1775 by the orders of Catherine the Great.

Vasnetsov House Museum

 

Vasnetsov House Museum is a former house of the famous Russian artist those major interest was in a Russian past.

Zaraysk Kremlin

Zaraysk Kremlin in Zaraysk was erected in 1528- 31 on the order of Grand Prince Vasily the Blind. The citadel has rectangular layout with four towers with twelfth angles and three square towers that also served as a gate.

 

 

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russia)

Kitezh/Lake Svetloyar

Lake Svetloyar in Rostov Oblast is a mysterious perfectly rounded lake. Russian legends claim it is a site of a Russian Atlantis- town of Kitezh.

Nizhny Novgorod

 

Nizhny Novgorod is the one of the largest cities along a Volga river (longest in Europe) in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast in Russia.

   

 

North Ossetia- Alania (Russia)

Alaniya National Park

 

Alaniya National Park located in the Caucasian region is a beautiful and difficulty land that requires some good survival skills.

     

 

Novgorod Oblast (Russia)

Khutyn Monastery

Medieval Khutyn Monastery of Saviour's Transfiguration and of St. Varlaam is still surrounded by pristine meadows and forests.

Novgorod

Novgorod is a former capital of the medieval Novgorodian Republic and still contains a medieval complex surrounded by Kremlin.

Valdaysky Iversky Monastery

Valdaysky Iversky Monastery is located in Novgorod Oblast in Russia. It was found in 1653 by the orders of patriarch Nikon.

 

 

Permskiy Kray (Russia)

Kungur Ice Cave

 

Majestic Kungur Ice Cave was known since the ancient times and remains of its inhabitants can still be found here along with interesting fauna.

     

 

Pskov Oblast (Russia)

Izborsk Castle

Izborsk Castle is one of the largest and most impressive medieval fortification in Russia that served as a border outpost.

     

 

Republic of Dagestan (Russia)

Derbent

Massive fortifications of an ancient town of Derbent is worth a trip to this coastal city.

     

 

Republic of Karelia (Russia)

Belomorsk Petroglyphs

Belomorsk Petroglyphs is a collection of ancient art that date back to the 4th and 3rd millenia BC. It is located in the Belomorsky District on the islands of Vyg river.

Kivach Waterfall

 

Kivach Waterfall is second highest waterfall located in the plains in Europe.

Kizhi

Kizhi religious complex is a number of beautiful buildings made entirely of wood without a single nail.

Valaam Monastery

Beauty of Valaam Monastery architecture is harmoniously combined with unforgettable nature of the Russian North.

 

Republic of Tatarstan (Russia)

Kazan

Kazan is the capital and the largest city in Republic of Tatarstan in Russia. It is one of the most diverse and unique due to its interesting and turbulent history.

Raifsky Monastery

Raifsky Bogorodicky Monastery is the largest Russian Orthodox monastery in the Tatarstan region.

   

 

Rostov Oblast (Russia)

Aksay

Despite its small size Aksay is famous by its many legends, underground tunnels that date to prehistoric times and strange creatures that are said to roam these halls.

     

 

Sverdlovsk Oblast (Russia)

Ganina Yama

 

Ganina Yama is a former mine that was used by the Soviets to hide bodies of emperor Nicholas II and members of his family.

Kholat Syakhl

Autopsy report, photos, diary, investigation documents and information about Dyatlov Pass Incident. The most complete report about the Dyatlov Pass tragedy.

   

 

Tver Oblast (Russia)

Brosno Lake Monster/Dragon

 

Brosno Lake Dragon is a creature that is said to live in Lake Brosno in Russia. First records of this creature date back to middle 13th century.

Lake Seliger

 

Lake Seliger in Tver Oblast is one of the most beautiful and picturesque lake in Russia.

Nilov Monastery

Nilov Monastery is a medieval Russian Orthodox monastery located on a island in the middle of lake Seliger.

Staritskiy Uspenskiy Monastery

Staritskiy Monastery that stands overlooking Volga is located in the heart of Russia, Valday highlands. Medieval cemetery still survive on its ground.

Rzhev

 

Rzhev is a medieval Russian city that became famous for one of the bloodiest battles of the World War II.

Tver

 

Tver is a capital of Tver Oblast in the Central region of Russia. It was found in the medieval times on the banks of Volga river.

   

 

Tula Oblast (Russia)

Yasnaya Polyana

 

Yasnaya Polyana is a former estate of the famous Russian writer Leo Tolstoy.

     

 

Vladimir Oblast (Russia)

Alexandrov

 

Alexandrov or Aleksandrov is a historic medieval town in Vladimir Oblast. It is part of Golden Ring of Russia.

Bogolyubovo

Bogolyubovo is a village in Russia that was made famous by its religious medieval architecture.

Gorokhovets

 

Gorokhovets is a small medieval Russian town in Vladimir Oblast in Russia. It is famous for its architecture of monasteries and beautiful churches.

Gus-Khrustalny

 

Gus-Khrustalny or Crystal Goose in Russian is one of the oldest centers of glass industry.

Murom

 

Murom is a historic Russian city in Vladimir Oblast of Russia. It was found in the medieval period on the left bank of the Oka River.

Suzdal

 

Whether you want to explore medieval Russian culture or just enjoy nature medieval Suzdal can offer both.

Vladimir

 

Russian medieval city of Vladimir boasts some of the best examples of Russian architecture. It is also famous for several legends and hidden treasures.

Yuryev-Polsky

 

Yuryev-Polsky is a lesser known Russian medieval town with numerous examples of medieval architecture.

 

Volgograd Oblast (Russia)

Volgograd

Volgograd or more commonly unknown under its former city of Stalingrad was largely rebuilt after the most famous battle of the World War II.

     

 

Vologda Oblast (Russia)

 

Ferapontov Monastery

Ferapontov Monastery is a religious complex that grew significantly since it was found in the Medieval times.

Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery

Medieval Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery looks more like a military castle rather than a religious complex.

 

 

Yakutia (Sakha Republic) (Russia)

Death Valley

Death Valley in Yakutia Republic is famous for remains of strange objects that looked like UFO saucers.

Lake Labyngkyr

 

Isolated Lake Labyngkyr in Yakutia is rumored to harbor an unknown aquatic creature.

Lena Pillars

 

Lena Pillars are majestic geological formations along a Siberian river Lena.

 

 

Yaroslavl Oblast (Russia)

Goritsky Monastery

Goritsky Monastery is located in Pereslavl- Zalessky, Yaroslavl Oblast in Russia. It was constructed in 14th century by Ivan I of Moscow Kalita.

Mologa

Mologa is a Russian city that sunk underneath an artificial lake after construction of a hydro plant.

Myshkin

 

Myshkin is a historic medieval town in Yaroslavl Oblast. Its name is translated as 'Mouse' in Russian (mysh- мышь).

Rostov

 

Rostov is a medieval historic town that is also part of the Golden Ring of Russia. It is situated in the Yaroslavl Oblast.

Rybinsk

 

Rybinsk is the second largest city in Yarloslavl Oblast. It is one of the oldest Slavic settlements on Volga river where it joins with Sheksna River.

Uglich

 

Uglich is a beautiful historic medieval town in Yaroslavl Oblast. It is most famous for death of Dmitry Ivanovich, last surviving son of Ivan the Terrible on May 15, 1591.

Yaroslavl

 

Medieval town of Yaroslavl is the capital and largest city of Yaroslavl Oblast. Its historic architecture made Yaroslavl part of the Golden Ring.

 

 

 

Interesting Facts about Russia

Russian Cross

It is fairly common to see a Christian cross with a crescent on the bottom. Many foreigners and even Russians alike consider this a sign of victory of Christianity over Islam. However, this is not true. The cross first appeared in Greece in the 2th- 3th century AD during Roman persecutions of Christians. It was long before prophet Mohammed was even born. Greek Christians used to hang anchors over their houses. For the Roman soldiers it was silly superstition, for Christians it was a secret code. Thus "Russian" crosses commemorate memory of early Orthodox martyrs, not physical extermination of fellow man.

 

 

Red Square

This symbol of Russia is ironically translated in a wrong way. Russian word krasnaya (красная) in fact has double meaning: red and beautiful. Today it makes sense since Historical Museum and Kremlin are red. However museum was constructed only in the late 19th century, and Kremlin was either white or painted white, so in this case the correct translation would be Beautiful Square.

 

 

Saint Basil Cathedral

Technically the church has nothing to do with Saint Basil. He was in fact alive then it was constructed. Its official name is Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat. He simply liked to hang out there. There is so many Russian churches devoted to Holy Mother of God it sometimes was confusing. Thus people referred to this particular church as Basil's Church or Basil's Cathedral. Later he was canonized and it became known as Saint Basil. In fact only a small chapel  was later added to commemorate the memory of Saint Basil.

 

 

The Moat

Since the main cathedral on the Red Square is named after Saint Mary on the Moat we have to explain how did this term came to being. You should not forget that Kremlin is a medieval defense fortification. It was used to defend Moscow citizens from constant raids by different enemies. Part of these defense was a moat that was dug along the perimeter. In the old times it was also used as a burial grounds for thieves, murderers and other society's rejects. It is not hard to find its former location. It is exactly where you will find tombs of Communist leaders with Lenin's mausoleum in its head. Yep. History is not without a sense of irony.

 

 

Onion Domes

Most of Russian Orthodox church have dome- shaped roofs. There is no specific meaning to the shape other than its similarity to the burning flame of the candle.

 

Traveling Tips:

- stay close to major streets and public places to prevent mugging or an attack

- keep a number of an American embassy. police is not allowed to search foreign citizens without a witness and an American council.

- poor Gypsy kids in a city are experts in cutting bags and stealing, so keep an eye for your belongings

- if you plan to make lots of calls within Russia you can buy prepaid sim card

 

 

 

 

 

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