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United Kingdom

United Kingdom Destinations Travel Guide

 

Flag of United Kingdom

Language: English

Currency: Pound sterling (GBP)

Calling Code: 44

Brief History

 

 

 

 

 

Travel Destinations in United Kingdom

Flag of England

England (United Kingdom)

Antonine Wall

 

Antonine Wall is a military fortification constructed by the Roman soldiers to protect their acquisition from attacks from Scotland.

Hadrian's Wall

 

Hadrian's Wall is a series of massive wall and fortifications to defend Roman conquests on the island.

 

London

 

London is the capital of United Kingdom and also the largest town of the country.

 

 

 

Bedfordshire (United Kingdom)

Someries Castle

 

Someries Castle is a medieval citadel near a town of Luton in the Hyde Parish, Bedfordshire in United Kingdom. This fortified manor house was erected in the 15th century for Sir John Wenlock.

 

     

 

Berkshire (United Kingdom)

Donnington Castle

 

Donnington Castle in Berkshire region of United Kingdom is a magnificent ruin of a medieval castle.

 

Windsor Castle

 

 Windsor Castle is one of the largest medieval castles in the country that serves as a royal residence.

 

   

 

 Buckinghamshire (United Kingdom)

Boarstall Tower

 

Boarstall Tower is a fortified manor that date back to 1312 when it was constructed by  John de Haudlo. It is located near Boarstall, Buckinghamshire.

     

 

Cambridgeshire (United Kingdom)

Ely Cathedral

 

Ely Cathedral is also known as Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity is a seat of the Bishop of Ely.

 

     

 

Cheshire (United Kingdom)

Beeston Castle

 

Beeston Castle is a medieval citadel that served as a royal residence when it was constructed. It is situated in a town of Beeston in Cheshire County in United Kingdom.

 

Chester Castle

 

Chester Castle is a medieval stronghold near a town of Chester, Cheshire in United Kingdom. It was erected in 1070 by Hugh Lupus, the first Earl of Chester.

 

Cholmondeley Castle

 

Cholmondeley Castle is a magnificent private residence that was erected in 1801- 4 near a town of Cholmondeley, Cheshire by George Cholmondeley

 

Halton Castle

 

Halton Castle is a medieval citadel near a town of Halton, Cheshire. It was constructed in the 11th century by Nigel of Cotentin who constructed first motte and bailey castle here.

 

Cornwall (United Kingdom)

Acton Castle

 

Haunted Acton Castle is a small mansion in Perranuthnoe, Cornwall region of United Kingdom. It was constructed in 1775 by Mr. John Stackhouse of Pendarves.

Eden Project

 

Eden Project is a group of huge greenhouses that house various biomes from around the World.

 

   

 

Cumbria (United Kingdom)

Dacre Castle

 

Dacre Castle is a small well preserved tower house in the village of Dacre 7 kilometres (4 mi) south-west of Penrith. It was constructed in 1307 by William de Dacre.

Sizergh Castle

 

Sizergh is a medieval citadel situated in Helsington parish in Cumbria County of United Kingdom. It was constructed in 14th century.

 

   

 

Devon (United Kingdom)

Dartmoor National Park

 

Dartmoor National Park is a nature reserve in Devon region in the South- western United Kingdom. Dartmoor National Park covers a total area of 368 sq mi (953 sq km).

     

 

Dorset (United Kingdom)

Corfe Castle

 

Corfe Castle was constructed in the 11th century by the orders of William the Conqueror to secure newly conquered lands.

     

 

Durham (United Kingdom)

Barnard Castle

 

Barnard Castle is a medieval stronghold in Teesdale. It was constructed by the Normans in the 11th century to secure their newly conquered possessions.

Brancepeth Castle

 

Brancepeth Castle is a medieval citadel that stands in village Brancepeth, 5 miles South- West of the city of Durham. It was originally constructed by the Normans in the 14th century.

Durham Castle

 

Durham Castle is a medieval Normal castle in a town of Durham. It was constructed in late 11th century upon Norman Conquest of 1066 by William the Conqueror.

 

 

East Sussex (United Kingdom)

Battle Abbey

 

Battle Abbey despite being a  Christian monastery takes its name after the Battle of Hastings where Norman king William the Conqueror defeated king Harold on 14 October 1066.

 

Bodiam Castle

 

Bodiam Castle is a medieval citadel that stands in East Sussex in United Kingdom. Impressive Bodiam Castle seems like a perfect medieval castle.

 

Byland Abbey

 

Byland Abbey is a medieval Roman Catholic monastery of Savigniac- Cistercian order situated in the town of Ryedale. The monastery was established in 1155.

 

Seven Sisters

 

Seven Sisters is a prominent white chalk cliff on the British shores. This prominent geological formation of the region was formed 60- 130 million years ago.

 

 

Hampshire (United Kingdom)

Portchester Castle

 

Portchester Castle is a medieval castle in Porchester. Portchester Castle was constructed in 11th century by William Maudit on a site much older ancient Roman fortress.

     

 

Hertfordshire (United Kingdom)

Aldbury Castle

Aldbury Castle is a medieval castle in a village of Aldbury in Herfordshire. It was constructed by the invading Normans in the 11th century.

     

 

Isle of Wight (United Kingdom)

Appuldurcombe House

Appuldurcombe House is an abandoned residence on the Isle of Wight that is claimed to be one of the most haunted on the island.
Carisbrooke Castle

Carisbrooke Castle is a allegedly haunted medieval motte-and-bailey castle located on the Isle of Wight.
   

 

Kent (United Kingdom)

Dover

Dover was an established settlement since the Roman times. White cliffs overlooking the English Channel are covered by historic ruins.
Hever Castle

Haunted Hever Castle is particularly known after one of his prevous oweners, the Boleyn family. Anne Boleyn spent her youth here before marrying Henry VIII.
Leeds Castle

Leeds Castle grew to a large medieval military fortification from a modest ninth century manor house.
Richborough Roman Fort

Richborough Roman Fort of RutupiƦ was constructed in the first century AD in the county of Kent of United Kingdom.
Rochester

Rochester is a historic town in the county of Kent in United Kingdom.
     

 

Norfolk (United Kingdom)

Sandringham House

Sandringham House is a beautiful residence situated near a village of Sandringham in Norfolk. Its history started in 1771 when architect Cornish Henley started the construction by clearing 20,000 acres of land.
     

 

Northumberland (United Kingdom)

Alnwick Castle

Haunted Alnwick Castle was built shortly after Norman conquest to protect England from Scottish invasions.
Bamburgh Castle

Bamburgh Castle is an imposing haunted medieval stronghold on the shores of the ocean in Northumberland region of United Kingdom.
Lindisfarne Castle

Lindisfarne Castle is a medieval stronghold that stands on a strategic location on a picturesque hill overlooking a sea below.
 

 

North Yorkshire (United Kingdom)

Bolton Castle

Bolton Castle is a quadrangular fortress located in the North Yorkshire in United Kingdom.
Fountains Abbey

Fountains Abbey is a former Roman Catholic Monastery situated in Studley Royal Estate, 3 km Southwest of Ripon, North Yorkshire.
Helmsley Castle

Medieval stronghold of Helmsley Castle or Hamlake lies in ruins in North Yorkshire, United Kingdom.
Howard Castle

Howard Castle is the largest private mansion that stands today in North Yorkshire, United Kingdom.
Middleham Castle

Medieval Middleham Castle is a medieval castle located in the County of North Yorkshire, United Kingdom.
Mount Grace Priory

Mount Grace Priory is one of the best preserved medieval Christian monasteries in United Kingdom.
Pickering Castle

Pickering Castle is a motte-and-bailey medieval fortification in North Yorkshire, United Kingdom.
Richmond Castle

Norman citadel known as Richmond Castle or Riche Mount is said to be a final resting place of king Arthur.
Rievaulx Abbey

Rievaulx Abbey is a former Cistercian abbey in the North Yorkshire in United Kingdom.
Skipton Castle

Skipton Castle was constructed in 1090 by Robert de Romille, a Norman baron shortly after William the Conqueror defeated anglo- saxons.
Stump Cross Caverns

Stump Cross Caverns is a series of picturesque limestone caves North Yorkshire region of United Kingdom.
Whitby Abbey

Whitby Abbey is a ruined Benedictine abbey overlooking the North Sea in the North Yorkshire, United Kingdom.

 

Oxfordshire (United Kingdom)

Blenheim Palace

Blenheim Palace is actually a private residence that was presented to John Churchill, the first Duke of Marlborough for his victory in Blenheim Battle.
     

 

Shropshire (United Kingdom)

Acton Burnell Castle

Acton Burnell Castle is a historic and allegedly haunted medieval castle situated near a village of Acton Burnell in Shropshire region of United Kingdom.

     

 

Somerset (United Kingdom)

Baths

Baths museum is a well preserved ancient roman bath complex.
Wookey Hole Caves

Wookey Hole Caves is located in the Somerset county of United Kingdom and is surrounded by numerous legends.
   

 

Suffolk (United Kingdom)

Dunwich Heath

Dunwich Heath is a nature reserve on a sea shore and contains many native species of flowers.
     

 

Surrey (United Kingdom)

Hampton Court Palace

Hampton Court Palace is a British royal family residence located near East Molesey, Surrey. It was constructed in the eighteenth century.

     

 

West Sussex (United Kingdom)

Amberley Castle

Amberley Castle is allegedly haunted medieval citadel in the village of Amberley, West Sussex of United Kingdom. It was erected in 12th century as a manor house.

Arundel Castle

Arundel Castle located in the West Sussex has both impressive medieval architecture and interesting history. Many of its former residents played an important role in the history of the country.

   

 

Wiltshire (United Kingdom)

Avebury

Avebury is lesser known cousin of Stonehenge was probably used for the same purposes as a gigantic calendar.
Stonehenge

Ancient astrological complex of Stonehendge is the one most famous destinations of United Kingdom.
   

 

 

Flag of Scotland

Scotland (United Kingdom)

Dirleton Castle

Dirleton Castle is a medieval castle situated in Dirleton, East Lothian. It was constructed in the early 13th century in John de Vaux.
Doune Castle

Despite its fairly modest size Doune Castle amazes visitors with its state of preservation.
Edinburgh

Medieval Edinburgh is an old capital of Scotland that has numerous legends associated with it.
Eilean Donan Castle

Picturesque Castle of Eilean Donan is probably one of most photographed castle in Great Britain.
Glamis Castle

Glamis Castle is home to Earl and Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne and open to the public.
Keiss Castle

Keiss Castle is a medieval stronghold that was constructed by George Sinclair, fifth earl of Caithness.
Loch Ness Lake

Loch Ness is a famous lake in Scotland famous for alleged monster that lives here.
Lochaber Mountains

Lochaber Mountains of the Scottish highlands are located in Lochaber district.
Scara Brae

Scara Brae is a well preserved ancient Neolithic settlement in Scotland, United Kingdom.
Sinclair Girnigoe Castle

Sinclair Castle is a medieval citadel that was build by William Sinclair family on Noss Head.
Stirling Castle

Stirling Castle is one of the largest and most important castles in Scotland, United Kingdom.
Urquhart Castle

Urquhart Castle is one of the largest and most important medieval castles in Scotland. It stands on the shore of the Loch Ness.

 

 

Flag of Wales

Wales (United Kingdom)

Abergavenny Castle

Abergaveny Castle is a medieval citadel located in Abergavenny, Monmouthshire in south east Wales.
Beaumaris Castle

Spectacular classic Beumaris Castle was constructed by king Edward I in a series of fortification to defend newly conquered lands.
Caernarfon Castle

Impressive medieval walls of Caernafon Castle were constructed by the orders of English king Edward I.
Caerphilly Castle

Imposing defenses of Caerphilly Castle seem to rise straight from the lake.
Cardiff Castle

Cardiff Castle was continously increased in size and renovated since the Roman times that lead it to current mixture of architectural styles.
Carew Castle

Carew Castle stands in the Pembrokeshire county on a strategic location that several fortifications since the Iron Age.
Conwy Castle

Medieval Conwy Castle was constructed by Edward I upon his conquest of the region of Wales.
Ewloe Castle

Medieval Ewloe Castle in Wales, United Kingdom still impresses visitors despite its state of disrepair.
Raglan Castle

Raglan Castle is one of the largest and complex citadels in the country.
     

 

 

Flag of North Ireland

North Ireland (United Kingdom)

Carrickfergus Castle

Carrickfergus Castle is of the best preserved medieval fortifications in Northern Ireland.
Dunluce Castle

Dunluce Castle is a medieval stronghold perched on a cliff overlooking cliff below in Antrim County of United Kingdom.
Enniskillen Castle

Enniskillen Castle is a medieval citadel situated in County Fermanagh in Northern Ireland. It was constructed in 16th century.
Giant's Causeway

Giant's Causeway is a geological formation situated in County Antrim in Northern Ireland. It was formed 50 to 60 million years ago.
Glenariff Forest Park

Glenariff Forest Park is a nature reserve with several water cascades and quiet valleys.
Marble Arch Caves

Marble Arch Caves are natural underground tunnel situated in County Fermanagh in Northern Ireland.
Shane's Castle

Shane's Castle is situated near a town of Randalstown, Antim County. It was constructed in 1345 by O'Neill clan.
 

 

 

 

Embassies:

 

US:

24 Grosvenor sq, London

Tel. 020- 7499 9000

www.usembassy.co.uk

 

Canadian High Commission:

Canada House, Trafalgar sq, London

Tel. 020- 7258 6600

www.canada.gc.ca

 

Australian High Commission:

Australia House, Strand, London

Tel. 020- 7379 4334

www.australia.org.uk

 

 

  

Tourist Information while travelling to United Kingdom

Visit Britain

www.visitbritain.com

 

VisitBritain United States

Suite 701, 551 Fifth Ave

New York, NY 10176

Tel. 800-462 2748

www.travelbritain.org

 

VisitBritain Canada

5915 Airport Rd, Suite 120

Mississauga, Ontario, LU4 1T1

Tel. 888-847 4885

www.visitbritain.com/ca

 

VisitBritain Ireland

18-19 College Green, Dublin

Tel. 01- 670 8000

www.visitbritain.com/ie

 

VisitBritain New Zealand

17th Floor, 151 Queen St.

Auckland 1

Tel. 09- 303 1446

www.visitbritain.com/nz

 

VisitBritain Australia

Level 2, 15 Blue Street

North Sydney, NSW 2060

Tel. 029- 021 4400

www.visitbritain.com/au

 

 

 

Emergency:

Police, Ambulance, Fire, Coastguard: 999

 

Facilities for the Disabled

The Disability Helpline

Tel. 01302- 310 123

 

Holiday Care Service

Tel. 0845- 124 9971

 

Mobility International

North America

Tel. 541- 343 1284

 

RADAR

Tel. 020- 7250 3200

 

 

 

History of United Kingdom:

54 BC Julius Caesar lands in Britain with his legions, but withdraws later.

43AD Roman army during reign of Emperor Claudius invade the island and establish their presence.

61 Queen Boadicea leads rebellion against the Romans. She captures and burns down Saint Albans and Colchester. Eventually she was defeated by the Roman army.

70 Romans conquer Wales and the North.

74- 84 Agricola wages war against tribes of Scotland. Eventually he retreats with his legions.

120 The Wall of Hadrian is constricted on the border with Scotland during reign of Emperor Hadrian.

140- 143 Romans invade Southern Scotland, acquire new lands and construct Antonine Wall to mark new frontier between Roman Empire and barbaric tribes.

254 Saint Alban in beheaded and becomes the first Christian martyr of Britain.

306 Roman soldiers in York make Constantine a new Roman Emperor.

350- 69 Picts and Scots attack the Roman outposts on the frontier.

410 Roman begin their withdrawal from the island.

440s- Angle, Saxon, Jute tribes invade the island as Roman influence decreases.

470- 495 Saxons and Angles settle Essex, Sussex and East Anglia.

563 Saint Columba lands on Iona.

597 Saint Augustine is sent by Rome to convert pagan tribes to Christianity.

617- 85 Northumbrian kingdom gains influence in the region.

635 Saint Aidan establishes a monastery on Lindisfarne.

867 Northumbria is captured by the invading groups of the Vikings

878 King Alfred defeats the Vikings, but then allows them to settle in Eastern England.

1016 Danish king Canute becomes king of England.

1034 Duncan I becomes the king of Scotland.

1066 William the Conqueror crosses the English Channel from France and invades Britain. He defeats Anglo- Saxon king Harold at the battle of Hasting and becomes the first Norman king of England and is crowned in Westminster.

1071 Hereward the Wake leads Anglo- Saxon resistance against the Normans. He is defeated at Ely.

1086 The Domesday Book is compiled for tax purposes.

1154 Henry II, the first Plantagenet king, destroys castles and collects money from the aristocracy as an exempt from military royal service.

1215 King John is forced by his barons to sign Magna Carta.

1256 First British Parliament that includes commoners.

1282- 83 Edward I conquers Wales.

1296 Edward I invades Scotland and fights Scottish resistance that includes such famous heroes as William Wallace (aka"The Braveheart")

1314 Battle of Bannockburn. Scottish army under Richard the Bruce defeats English armies.

1348 Black Death kills large European population.

1381 Peasants' revolt against imposition of poll taxes on everyone in the country over 14.

1387 Chaucer starts writing The Canterbury Tales.

1415 Battle of Agincourt, English are victorious.

1453 Hundred Years' War against France is over.

1485 Battle of Bosworth ends Wars of the Roses.

1497 John Cabot explores North America.

John Colet denounces the corruption of the church clergy. He is supported by Sir Thomas More and Erasmus.

1513 Battle of Flodden. English defeat the Scottish army.

1533- 34 Marriage troubles of Henry VIII forces the king to separate from Catholic Church and form Church of England.

1535 Act of Union with Wales.

1536- 40 Monasteries in England are abandoned by royal edict. Remaining monks are expelled by force.

1542- 67 Queen Mary, Queen of Scots rules Scotland.

1549 First Book of Common Prayer is published.

1553 Edward VI dies, throne passes to the Catholic Mary I.

1558- 1603 Reign of Elizabeth I, Virgin Queen and daughter of Henry VIII.

1559 Queen Mary lays claim to English throne.

1570 Sir Francis Drake takes his first voyage to the West Indies, the Carribean.

1584 Sir Walter Raleigh attempts to colonize Virginia in the New World.

1587 Mary, Queen of Scots, is executed by the orders of Elizabeth I.

1588 Spanish Invincible Armada is defeated.

1591 Shakespeare's first play is performed.

1600 East Indian Company is found.

1603 Union of England and Scotland. James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England.

1605 "Gunpowder Plot" against the Parliament is foiled.

1611 King James Version of the Bible is published.

1614 "Addled Parliament" refuses to vote money for James I.

1620 Mayflower trip of Pilgrim Fathers to the New World.

1638 Scots sign National Covenant against Catholic leanings of king Charles I.

1642 English Civil War between Royalists and supporters of Parliament.

1649 King Charles I is executed outside Banqueting House and Commonwealth.

1653- 58 Oliver Cromwell is proclaimed as Lord Protector.

1660 King Charles II, son of executed Charles I, becomes a new king upon Restoration of the Monarchy.

1665- 66 Great Plague.

1666 Great Fire of London.

1688 The Glorious Revolution. Catholic James II is deposed by the British Parliament.

1690 Battle of the Boyne. William's joint English and Dutch army defeat James II who leads Irish and French armies.

1692 Glencoe Massacre of Jacobites (Stuart supporters) by troops of William III.

1707 Act of Union with Scotland.

1721 Robert Walpole becomes first Prime Minister of Great Britain.

1776 American Declaration of Independence

1788 First convicts are sent to Australia.

1805 Battle of Trafalgar. Admiral Lord Nelson defeat French fleet.

1815 Battle of Waterloo. Duke Wellington blows a final defeat to Napoleon Bonaparte.

1825 Railway between Stockton and Darlington opens.

1839 Catholic Emancipation Act is passed.

1837- 1901 Reign of Queen Victoria.

1854- 56 British join Allies in a war against Russia during Crimean War.

1863 London Underground Subway system is open.

1899- 1902 Boer War. Britain defeats Dutch settlers in South Africa. First massive concentration camps were constructed by the British forces.

1908 Old age pensions are introduced by Liberal Government of British Prime Minister Henry Asquith (1852- 1928).

1914- 18 World War I.

1918 All women over 30 get a right to vote.

1924 First Labour government.

1928 Men and women over 21 can vote.

1936 Abdication of Edward VIII. He chooses to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson instead of taking up a throne.

1939 UK joins World War I after Hitler invades Poland.

1940 German air force Luftwaffe attempts to bomb the country into submission and future invasion. It failed.

1944 Allied invasion of mainland France from England.

1945 World War II ends. Partition of Berlin and most of Europe between the Allies and the Soviet side.

1947 India and Pakistan gain their independence.

1948 National Health Service is introduced.

1973 Great Britain joins European Community.

1999 Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly are formed.

2005 Terrorist bomb attacks in London kill 52 people, hundreds are injured.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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