Ermak Travel Guide

 

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Guatemala

 

Guatemala Destinations Travel Guide

 

 

 

Flag of Guatemala

Language: Spanish

Currency: Quetzal (GTQ)

Calling Code: 502

 

 

 

Description of Guatemala

Guatemala- is a sovereign state located in Central America, at its northwestern tip, with a wide native culture, product of the Mayan heritage and Castilian influence during the colonial era. In spite of its relatively small territorial extension, Guatemala has a great climatic variety, product of its mountainous relief that goes from the level of the sea to the 4220 meters on that level, this propitiates that in the country exist ecosystems so varied that they go from the mangroves of the Pacific wetlands to the high mountain cloud forests. It borders to the west and north with Mexico, to the east with Belize, the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) and the Republic of Honduras, to the southeast with El Salvador, and to the south with the Pacific Ocean. The country has an area of ​​108,889 km², its capital is Guatemala City, officially called "Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción". The official language is Spanish, although there are twenty-three Mayan languages, the Xinca and Garífuna languages, the latter spoken by the African descendants population in the Caribbean department of Izabal.

The territory where Guatemala is currently located is part of Mesoamerica and the Mayan and Olmec cultures were developed along with the neighboring countries. After the conquest of America, Guatemala became part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain as a General Captaincy. After its independence from Spain in 1821 that same year was formed in the Kingdom of Guatemala, what is now Guatemala became part of the First Mexican Empire as well as the Federal Republic of Central America; not until 1847 when the current republic was established and when the country began to open up with neighboring countries and establishing diplomatic relations with some world powers. After the triumph of a liberal reform in 1871 a series of dictatorial regimes and few democratic ones were established until 1944, the year in which the Guatemalan Revolution of 1944 took place. This revolution lasted until 1954, the year in which a liberation movement The national government resumed the country's power and precipitated the country into a civil war that began in 1960 and ended in 1996.

Already in the 21st century, Guatemala had a relatively stable economic policy that currently positions it as the ninth largest economy in Latin America, however, the levels of poverty and income inequality remain high, even more than when the agreements were signed. of peace in 1996.

 

Travel Destinations in Guatemala

 

Antigua

 

Antigua is a pleasant town famous for its beautiful parks and magnificent Spanish architecture.

 

Bocas del Polochic

 

Bocas del Polochic is an extensive nature preserve of diverse ecosystem in Guatemala.

 

El Mirador

 

El Mirador Archeological Site is one of the largest, one of the oldest and least uncovered Mayan city state.

El Remate

 

El Remate is famous for small eco- friendly hotels designated for tourists who like seclusion and pristine untouched nature.

Grutas de Lanquín

 

Grutas de Lanquín is underground cave system with beautiful geological formations situated in Guatemala.

 

Lake Atitlán

 

Lake Atitlán is situated 16 km (10 mi) South- East of Antigua in Guatemala. It covers a surface area of 130.1 sq km (50.2 sq mi).

Semuc Champey

 

Semuc Champey Natural monument famous for its colorful waters is situated in Alta Verapaz Department.

Tikal

 

Tikal is an ancient Mayan site located in El Petén Department of Guatemala was first settled in the 4th century BC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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