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Xochicalco Archaeological Site

Xochicalco

Xochicalcoa is a ancient archeological site situated 40 km (25 mi) Southwest of Cuernavaca in the Mexican state of Morelos.

 

 

Location: 40 km (25 mi) Southwest of Cuernavaca, Morelos    Map

Open: daily

www.inah.gob.mx

 

 

 

Description of XochicalcoaArchaeological Site

Xochicalco pyramid  Xochicalco pyramid  Xochicalco  Xochicalco  Xochicalco  Xochicalco ball court

In Náhuatl dialect Xochicalcoa means "the place of the house of flowers". Although historians believe that this is actually a name of one of the buildings on a site. The real name of Xochicalcoa Archaeological Site is believed to be a hieroglyph that is repeated all over the city. It is that of Totolhuacalco or "place of trapped birds". It is one of the most important and best preserved sites that were made a Unesco World Heritage Site. The excavated portion of the site measure 10 square kilometres although archaeological digs still continue. Different strata represent different cultures that took possession of Xochicalcoa. This includes the Toltec, Olmec, Zapotex, Mixtec and finally Aztec civilizations.

 

Xochicalcoa was found in the second century BC and reached its peak between 600 and 900 AD. Eventually Xochicalcoa was captured and burned down. After its initial destruction the site was resettled by a small group of people. It never reached the same magnitude in size and population size.

 

One of the best preserved buildings in Xochicalcoa Archaeological Site is Pirámide de Quetzalcóatl (Feathered Serpent), a pyramid in the central of the archaeological park. Its sides are covered by carved relief of a Feathered Serpent, ancient god. Another interesting structure here is the Observatory. A dark corridor will take you inside this structure. Only few holes in the roof lined with important astronomical marks is the only source of light in this room. Additionally a network of drainage system, cisterns, temples, residential buildings and fortifications are spread all over area. The buildings clear show that the society of Xochicalco had a clear social division between the rich and the poor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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