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Adams is a defensive fortress situated in Newport, Rhode Island
in United States. It is a massive historic stronghold abandoned
for more than half of a century. Many parts of this fortress
were not touched by reconstruction and it still keeps its
original feeling of past decades.
First coastal fortifications were erected here in a single night
of April 6th 1776 during American Revolution. These were simple
earthworks that protected Colonial American soldiers and their
artillery. They didn't wait too long for an enemy. On April 7th
at 5 am 24 gun frigate H.M.S. Glasgow with a hospital ship
attempted to make it inside a harbour. Colonel Richmond of the
Rhode Island militia drove the enemy away with 35 shots fired
from cannon. Just three days later on April 10th this point
became again crucial in attacking and driving away two ships of
the British Royal Navy, H.M.S. Scarborough and H.M.S. Cimetar.
This allowed the state of Rhode Island to remain free of British
rule and proclaim independence on Mayth 1776.
More permanent military fortifications of the current Fort Adams
here in July 4th, 1799 and designed by an architect Major Louis de Tousard of the Army Corps of Engineers. It held only 12 cannons
for its defences. The first commander of the citadel was Captain
John Henry. A construction of a massive began in 1824 and lasted
for about three decades. A postcard pictured on the left is its
appearance in the last years of its use. It was completely
abandoned in 1953 by the army, although it as inhabited for a
while. Commanding officer's quarters once housed President
Dwight D. Eisenhower who came here during his summer vacations
from 1958 to 1960. Today it open to the public and it is under
protection of Fort Adams State Park. Newport Jazz Festivals
and Newport Folk Festival are occasionally held here.