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Ancient Archeological sites

Mesa Verde National Park

Mesa Verde

Mesa Verde National Park is located in Montezuma County, Colorado state in United States. It is designated as an UNESCO World Heritage Site for the ruined settlement of the Anasazi tribe. This historic reserve covers a total area of 52,485 acres (21,240 ha).




Location: Montezuma County, CO   Map

Area: 52,485 acres (21,240 ha)




Description of Mesa Verde National Park

Mesa Verde  Mesa Verde  Mesa Verde  Mesa Verde

Mesa Verde National Park protects a large area of various Anasazi ruin  that were build on various levels of the canyon at an elevation between 1,900 and 2,600 meters above sea level. With over 700,000 visitors each year, it is one of the most visited parks in a state of Colorado.


Mesa Verde settlement started as several small shacks of ancient farmers who first settled here in the 6th century AD. They supported their livelihood by growing maize on terraces on top of a canyon. They constructed their shelters at the side of the canyon to hide from sun rays. Around 13th century the settlement grew in size as population exponentially increased. Several multi story apartment buildings were erected to house the whole population. It was constructed from yellow sandstone, mortar and wooden beams that are supported the whole structure. Some walls have collapsed, but stains on canyon ceiling give an idea where the buildings once stood.


Anasazi Native tribes mysteriously disappeared before the arrival of Europeans so we have no written records of what happened to them. Pueblo natives that were related to the Anasazi, claimed residents of Mesa Verde gathered for celebration. The canyon was struck by an earthquake and all unfortunate victims fell through the cracks. However these are just oral tradition. Archeologists never discovered the real reason for their disappearance.


Mesa Verde  Mesa Verde

The name of Mesa Verde is derived from a eponymous plateau that rises 600 meters above the surrounding terrain, those slopes are covered with pine forest. In Spanish "Mesa Verde" can be translated as "green table" due to its appearance. First European settlers came to the area in the 19th century.  Mesa Verde ruins were first explored by Richard Uezeril, an amateur historian, and later by Swedish geologist Gustaf Nordenskiold. Mesa Verde National Park was established in 1906 to protect ancient ruins against possible vandalism. It was further added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage site.


Mesa Verde






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