Ermak Travel Guide

 

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South America

 

Welcome to South America Travel Guide!

 

 

 

 

 

 

Located between the Caribbean Sea, the Pacific and the South Atlantic, South America stands as the southernmost part of the American continent .

South America has a great climatic and geographical diversity, highlighting the jungles of the Amazon , the steep peaks of the Andes mountain range , the arid Atacama desert , remote islands such as the Galápagos and Fernando de Noronha , paradisiacal beaches in the Caribbean and the Atlantic and the harsh landscapes of Patagonia .

Inhabited for centuries by various indigenous tribes, South America was subdued by the Iberian conquerors during the sixteenth century, who dominated the continent for more than 300 years. This gave rise to a racial mixture and a unique cultural identity that includes Amerindian, European and African elements. This diversity is also reflected in the existing ways of life: while in some cities there is a high development similar to European countries, there are other isolated communities that maintain their ancient customs.

 

Top Destinations in South America

Aconcagua Provincial Park

 

Aconcagua Provincial Park takes its name from quechua word of “Ackon-Cauak”, which roughtly is translated as ‘Stone Sentinel’. Splendid Andes Mountain Range draws all types of thrill seekers ranging in difficulty including hiking, climbing, skiing and etc.

 

 

 

Machu Picchu

 

Machu Picchu is an ancient archeological Inca site 69 mi Northwest of Cusco in Peru. Peruvian government secured 326 sq km as a "Historical Sanctuary" to preserve Machu Picchu archaeological site. In 1983 Machu Picchu was added to a UNESCO World Heritage Site and in 2007 it was chosen as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

The Inca Trail

 

The Inca Trail to a great Incan settlement of Machu Picchu is one of the greatest hikes you will ever undertake. It lies in a beautiful Andean mountain range and connects numerous ancient archaeological settlements along its way.

 

 

 

 

Nazca Lines

 

Nazca Lines are located 12 mi (20 km) North of Nazca in Peru. These lines were created between 500 BC and 500 AD these spectacular creations went largely unnoticed until 1927 than the pilot saw shapes of animals, trees and various geometric figures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caribbean Coast
Colombia · Guyana · Suriname · Venezuela · French Guiana
Colombia and Venezuela stand out for their mix of Andean culture, Amazon rainforest and a prodigious coastline of paradisiacal beaches. Cartagena de Indias and Isla de Margarita are just some of the destinations that receive thousands of tourists each year who come to enjoy the favorable climate, temperate waters and vegetation of the area. Urban areas such as Bogotá , Medellín , Cali and Caracas stand out when mixing their Hispanic origins with modernity.

The Guyanas, meanwhile, are more exotic destinations. The recent colonial past of Guyana and Surinam contrasts with the jungle that covers their lands.

Andes
Bolivia · Ecuador · Peru · Colombia
In the heart of South America, the Andes are enchanted by ancient ancient cultures and the preserved baroque cities of colonial origin, such as Lima and Quito . The pre-Columbian traditions have managed to maintain and integrate with the current civilization, offering tourists their particular magic in destinations such as Cusco or Machu Picchu . Contrasting landscapes between jungle and desert can be found next to beautiful and deserted beaches on the Pacific coasts. The Titicaca , the highest navigable lake in the world, and the native fauna of the Galapagos Islands are some of the highlights of this area.

Brazil
The largest country in Latin America and probably the most recognized worldwide, highlighting the Carnival , and the famous beaches of Rio de Janeiro , the giant " Amazon " or the rich and cosmopolitan São Paulo , the largest city in the southern hemisphere. However, Brazil is more than that, with a territory that stretches from the Atlantic to almost touching the Andes, incorporating places such as the Pantanal , one of the largest wetlands in the world, the paradisiacal Parque Nacional dos Lençois or the islands of Fernando de Noronha .
Its rich history that mixes indigenous cultures, Portuguese colonialism and the traditions of former African slaves, has allowed the emergence of attractive cities such as Salvador de Bahia or the futuristic capital, Brasilia.

Southern Cone
Argentina Argentina · Chile · Paraguay · Uruguay
The southernmost part of the continent is full of diversity on both sides of the Andes mountain range. In the Pacific, the arid lands of Atacama contrast with the fjords and glaciers that fall into the sea in Patagonia , while the Pampas and their mountains extend from the Andes to the Atlantic. The lakes and forests cover great extensions in the cordilleranos faldeos and the coasts are populated with penguins and whales.

With one of the highest living standards in the continent, you can also find a vibrant urban life in its main cities. Buenos Aires is an icon of western culture, although Valparaíso , Santiago or Montevideo are not left behind.


South Atlantic Islands
Falkland Islands · South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
One of the most disputed territories in the world, the South Atlantic islands are ancient remnants of the British Empire. Reclaimed to date by Argentina, these islands are remote destinations outside of traditional circuits. Its harsh climate and geography frame the rugged landscapes and rich biodiversity.