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History of the Czech Republic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

History of the Czech Republic

 

The Czechs accepted Christianity in the 9th century and founded the Kingdom of Bohemia. The country reached its peak in the second half of the 14th century under leadership of King Charles I (also known as Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV). In the 15th century the country was shaken by the Hussite Wars whose leader Jan Hus fought against the Catholic Church and German dominance in the government. However the Hussites were defeated and in 1620 Bohemia and Moravia were declared provinces of the Habsburg Empire. After World War I Czechoslovakia gained independence on October 18, 1918. In 1938 after Munich appeasement Germany occupied the Sudetenland. Later Bohemia and Moravia followed. During World War II Czech Republic was an important industrial base for military production for the needs of German Wehrmacht. In 1945 after liberation by the Soviet Armies the country went under influence of Soviet Union. Czechoslovakia became part of the Warsaw Pact until 1990. On January 1st, 1993 Czechoslovakia broke apart and Czech Republic and Slovakia became independent. Today Czech Republic is a member of the UN, GATT, WHO and associate member of the EU.