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Ivangorod Fortress

Ivangorod Fortress

 

 

Location: Leningrad Oblast  Map

Constructed: 1492 by Ivan III

 

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Description of Ivangorod Fortress

Ivangorod Fortress is located in Leningrad Oblast on the border between Russian and Estonia. Ivangorod Fortress was constructed in 1492 by Ivan III who also gave this citadel its name (literally "city of Ivan"). It holds a strategic hill overlooking Narva river below and right across Estonian Narva Castle that was held by knights of the Livonian Order. In 1496 reconstruction project was undertaken with massive square portion added on one of the sides that became known as a Large Bojarshy city. It measured a total length of 617 meters. Former Gate Tower was rebuilt as an octagonal Otvodnaja Tower that was intended as a trap for the enemy if they broke through the city walls at this point. It provided no coverage and soldiers in the loopholes could take out any intruder. Enemy would be caught in the crossfire with nowhere to hide.

 

Ivangorod Fortress played a key role in Livonian Wars. During Time of Trouble, Civil unrest in Russia, the Ivangorod castle was captured by the Swedish forces. However Peter the Great managed to recapture both Ivangorod and Narva Castle across the river and made them protective fortresses of a new Russian Empire. During World War II Germans established a POW camp within its walls. As they retreated many of the military defenses were blown up by army engineers. Today the stronghold of Ivangorod is open to the public and serves as a museum.

 

Travel Destinations in Ivangorod

Ivangorod fortress. 10:00 - 18:00 100 rubles (2013). The fortress was built in several stages. In 1492 the central part was laid - a small quadrangular platform, standing near the river itself. This small castle was an aid in defending the Narva ferry, but it was impossible to place a large army in it at all, therefore in 1496, after the Swedes seized Ivangorod, the expansion of the fortress began. In record time, new fortifications are being built, now known as the Boyarshy town: 617 meters of walls, many towers - in short, the main part of the fortress. It was already possible to fight with such a castle, and in the 16th century, new fortifications, including a new castle that surrounded the 1492 fortress (its ruins are still visible on the territory), and the Front Town, attached to the fortress from the current bridge of Friendship. In those years, an unspoken competition took place between Narva and Ivangorod: Ivangorodians tried to build a wall beyond which one could not see anything from the tower of Narva Castle - this is the wall that separates the old part of the fortress from the Boyar town. It is really abnormally high.
You can get into the Ivangorod fortress during official hours of work, or else at another time - the main thing is to find a guard who lets everyone in for a feasible reward or without it. There are no plates, fences, too, so that the inspection of the fortress is an event at your own risk. The unofficial route starts from the stairs at the entrance and continues along the walls in the direction of the old castle, to the observation deck and further to the southern bastions, around which are a few rusty cannons. The path contains unlit corridors and staircases, so it is recommended to take a flashlight with you and generally be careful, although this disorganization is perhaps the most interesting feature of the Ivangorod fortress: here you can climb the walls and towers without limit, go down to the courtyards and touch the history in general . Unlike Koporye, the fortress’s condition is quite good, as it was completely restored in Soviet times. From the walls there are excellent views of Narva, the Friendship Bridge and the Narva Hydroelectric Power Plant - from the city you will not see anything of this.
Two paths lead to the Ivangorod fortress: it is most convenient for pedestrians to descend from the central square along the main road and go around customs to the left - there is a beaten path from which you can observe the work of the border crossing. If you want to drive up to the fortress by car, move south along Gagarin Street, turn right onto Narovskaya Street (to the right), and from there to Pskovskaya Street (also to the right), at the end of which there is a small parking lot.

 

Assumption Church

Assumption Church (in the fortress). A whimsical building, as if made of two independent one-dome churches, which together or separately are completely different from neither Novgorod, nor Moscow, nor any other Russian architectural tradition. There is no reason to suspect German or Estonian influence either, so the question of which aliens appeared in medieval Ivangorod remains open to this day. It is only known that the Assumption Church, like the neighboring church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, was built (at least built in stone) during the reign of Ivan the Terrible, around 1558. Both churches are very squat and completely hidden behind the fortress walls, but the domes are huge and occupy almost half of the building, and there is also a large gallery in the Assumption Church. Not far from the churches stands the dilapidated building of the arsenal.

 

Churches of Saint Nicholas and Church of the Virgin's Dormition

The church of Saint Nicholas was constructed shortly after the construction of Ivangorod has began. It is a fairly small church and most of its interior was destroyed by the enemy forces. Another church of Virgin's Dormition was added in 1558.

 

Ivangorod Fortress

Ivangorod on the right Russian side and Narva Castle on the left Estonian side

 

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

Transport
Ivangorod consists of three parts. The first microdistrict or Minutka (the so-called café located here in the 80s) is located north of Kingisepp Highway. The central microdistrict is located south of the Kingisepp highway and stretches along Gagarin street to the railway crossing. The area at the intersection of Kingisepp Highway and Gagarin Street is called the local Gorka. In the south, Gagarin Street goes to the railway crossing and then goes through the Ivangorod industrial zone (the Yura Corporation Rus plant). Behind the bridge, the Parusinka microdistrict begins through the supply channel of the hydropower station. On foot from the center of Ivangorod to Parusinka 20-30 minutes. There are located the factory and the border pedestrian checkpoint Parusinka - Narva-2.

City buses (see also schedule):

# 7: Factory (Parusinka) - Gorka - Minutka (Kingiseppskoye Highway, 26); go from 7 to 21 with an interval of 20-30 minutes
No. 81: Factory (Pastorova str., 1) - Gorka - bus station - Durakovo Polye gardens; go 2-4 times a day

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

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