The Russian Federation is a democratic federative
legal state with a republican form of government. At least in
theory. In reality it is a peculiar form of family and criminal ties
that are in constant struggle with attempts to reform it. The main
party in Russia is Edinaya Rossiya (Single Russia). While president
Putin helped to created it, he largely distanted himself from this
party over the course of years and positioned himself as a
independent. But lets face it, who are we kidding here. It is his
It is not true that Russia has no opposition. It
does. However to actions of mass media that has strong government
influence combined with incredible corruption (both moral and
monetary) among the so called opposition its influence is largely
There are two forms of oppositions in current
Russian politics. One is so-called "constructive opposition" that
includes the Commies, liberal-democrats (LDPR) and several others.
They have seats in the Russian Parliament (Duma) and they
participate in legistrature. Very often this opposition is critized
for being too pro-government. In fact they are so constructive that
you can't often make a distinction between Edinaya Rossiya and all
other oppositional parties. They vote basically the same on main
The so-called "not so constructive opposition" are
so called "liberals". They are favor president Eltsin, the 90's and
everything that comes with that including openness to the West.
Since the 90's are considered horrible years in the Russian history
that negative view is largely transformed on the liberals who headed
the government and proposed many disastrous laws and reforms with
First of all don't get fooled with the term "liberal". A Russian
liberal unlike Western liberal strongly favors capitalist model.
Conservative in Russia on the other hand favors socialism. As it
often happens things in Russia are the opposite from the rest of the
World (aka the West).
Liberals are highly despised in the current
Russian society and have minimal support among wide population. On
one hand it is a government mass media work, on the other hand
liberals are associate with economic reforms of the early 90's that
almost destroyed Russian economy and caused incredible hardship
among population. Nevertheless it is a small, but solid, dedicated group
with really low representation in all branches of the government on
Russian mass media has a strong influence from the
executive branch of Russia. While government controls minority of
TV, Newspapers, Radio channels, these are most popular and most
watched channels of acquiring information.
Russian television has numerous channels, however
small fraction of the government led channels are most popular.
Oppositional opinions are heard on these channels, but talking heads
on these channels are carefully selected not to be increasingly
sympathetic to the audience. Hence personal dislike of a particular
participant usually negates the point of view he or she is trying to
deliver. This gives a right on one hand to claim that government
television that all points are heard, but at the same time negate
oppositional opinion or another point of view.
Nevertheless television and especially government
owned television is an interesting place where official Kremlin can
test its future moves and track public response to particular ideas.
Newspapers are losing much of its business, however internet
publications have improved ratings of people who read newspapers in
a digital form.
Internet and Bloggers
Internet increasingly becomes the main source of
information among people. It is particularly true among younger part
of the population. Bloggers and internet publications become
increasingly the main source of information. Here we will discuss
various popular publications and bloggers. Interestingly enough not
all bloggers are Russian. Former territory of the Soviet Union
created a number of Russian speaking (but non-Russian) information
sources that are very popular in Russia.
Radion is fairly popular mode of communication.
There are several opposition radio channels, but they have limited