Ermak Travel Guide


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Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca



Primary sources: 27 rivers

Altitude: 12500 ft (3800 m)

Max length: 90 km (118 mi)

Max width: 80 km (50 mi)

Surface area: 8,372 kmĀ² (3,232 sq mi)

Max depth: 284 m (932 ft)

Most Haunted Places in the World




Travel Destinations around Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca is South America's second largest lake that lies at an altitude of 12,500 feet (3,800 m). Due to its unique climatic condition the lake and its surroundings were settled since the ancient time. Islands of lake Titicaca and its shores are dotted with numerous archaeological remains.

Islas Uros


Islas Uros on lake Titicaca is a man- made islands near Puno constructed from totora reeds. Local natives add new layers at the bottom of these structures slowly rot. Certain fine safety precautions should be followed while on the islands. After all it is combustible material and the whole island can burn in minutes. Locals solve this problem by burning fire on slabs of stone.

There is no definitive answer how and why people came to live here in such conditions on Lake Titicaca. Natives will tell a lot of legends how they are "chosen" to live here since the birth of the sun and the moon. The truth might be more trivial. Natives were simply forced by hostility on lands move to waters of the lake. Oldest island here is 160 years old, but no known date exists for "mother" island that gave start for this way of life.

Isla Taquile


Island Isla Taquile on Lake Titicaca is dotted by Inca and colonial ruins this island is still inhabited by some 350 Quechua- speaking people who live here by motto  "Ama sawa, ama quella, ama llullav" (do not steal, do not be idle, do not lie). Needless to stay there is no need for police here.

Isla del Sol


Sacrificial altar

Isla del Sol island or island of the Sun on Lake Titicaca gets its name from a local legend.  Native tribes believed that this island was the birth place of the Sun. Two large holes that look like footprints are supposedly the footprints of the Sun- god who returned here to make the first Inca - Manco Capa. Among ruins of houses, temples and altars you might discover such marvels as the Fountain of Youth. According to local legends of Inca this fountain could rejuvenate the body and the mind of those who bathed here. Besides there is a fortress Plikokayha that was build to defend sacred holy ground from invaders and watch over virgins who lived on the island de la Luna.



Wiracocha or Viracocha

Wiracocha or Viracocha is unique character in the mythology of ancient tribes of Western South America. Some tribes called him Apu Qun Tiqsi Wiraqutra, and Con Tici or Kon Tiki. Inca believed this god appeared from the waters of Lake Titicaca. He supposedly created the World and taught humans architecture, agriculture and other important aspect of lives. His description is somewhat similar to legends of Kukulkan, Quetzalcoatl, Gucumatz, Votan, Izamal, Bochica and others deities around Mesoamerica and Latin America. He was white, bearded and had incredible knowledge that he shared with the first Inca. Some archeologists speculate that this legend is actually based on the true fact. Survivors from some unknown civilization might have been the real teachers of the local people. The legends about this legendary leader are very different. Additionally some versions of the story there were several people under the same description. However their technology and general description is the same in many myths. Inca believed that Wiracocha left them traveling the raft of snakes (shown on the bottom) only to return when it is needed.



Isla de la Luna



The most important structure on Isla de la Luna is aqlluwasi (monastery) where virgins dedicated to the Sun- god lived and worshipped their deities. They were cut from the rest of the World by waters of Lake Titicaca.







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