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Khor Virap Monastery (Խոր Վիրապ)

Khor Virap Monastery

Khor Virap Monastery was originally found in 642 near Lusarat in the Armenian Ararat Province. It offers a great view of the mountain Ararat. According to Old Testament this was the mountain where Noah's Ark have landed after the Great Flood.

 

 

 

Location: Lusarat, Ararat Province Map

Found: 642

 

 

 

 

History of Khor Virap Monastery

Khor Virap Monastery  Khor Virap Monastery  Khor Virap Monastery Walls  Khor Virap Monastery  Khor Virap Monastery  Khor Virap Monastery

The hill of Khor Virap where the monastery stands today is located on the site of the ancient Armenian capital of Artashat that was found here circa 180 BC by king Artashes I, the founder of the Artashesid dynasty. Armenian king Tiridates III arrested Saint Gregory, Christian missionary that preached Christianity in the region. Famous saint spent 13 years in the underground dungeon. This prison cell is still preserved in its original condition. Khor Vrap Monastery dungeon is basically a stone blackened vault with small slit windows. It is opened to tourists and pilgrims. In 301 Tiridates III accepted Christianity as an official religion of the state and gave Gregory the Educator his freedom, but the prison was preserved for generations. In fact monastery complex of "Khor Virap" in Armenian means "deep hole".

Khor Virap Monastery  Khor Virap Monastery  Khor Virap Monastery

Khor Virap Monastery is dominated by an ensemble of two churches. The first church is dedicated to Saint Gevorg or Saint Gregory. It was built by Catholicos Nerses III in 642 on a former ancient prison where Saint Gregory was held as a prisoner.  The second church is dedicated to Saint Astvatsatsin that was constructed in the late 17th century. It is crowned by a coned dome with a bell tower adjacent to it.

 

Church of Saint Astvatsatsin

Khor Virap Monastery

Underground Dungeon

Khor Virap Monastery Underground Dungeon  Khor Virap Monastery Prison

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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