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Gobustan Petroglyphs (Qobustan qoruğu)

Gobustan Petroglyphs

Gobustan Petroglyphs are located 40 mi (64 km) Southwest of Baku, capital of Azerbaijan. Its name "Gobustan" is derived from the Turkic language. "Gobu" can be translated as "dried broad riverbed", "gully" or "ravine", while "stan" means "place".



Location: 40 mi (64 km) Southwest of Baku    Map




Description of Gobustan Petroglyphs

Gobustan Petroglyphs  Gobustan Petroglyphs

Gobustan Petroglyphs State Historical- Artistic Reserve is a mountainous region in Azerbaijan that is famous for numerous rock paintings and rock art. It covers a total area of 540 hectares. Gobustan Petroglyphs were left by several generations of people starting with prehistoric Paleolithic period to the Middle Ages. Even ancient Roman legionnaires left their mark of the presence in the region here. Although recently some modern retards decided to add their share of art by drawing graffiti on some rocks. First archeological digs in Gobustan began in the 1930's after Ishaq Jafarzadeh discovered over 3500 Petroglyphs in the area. He further found sights of human presence including man made rock tools, burials and caves that were once inhabited by an ancient man.


In 1965 new archeological expedition to the Gobustan region discovered additional 300 examples of rock art, 20 ancient houses and at 40 different burials known as dolmens, huge prehistoric megalithic structures. Ancient people buried their dead under large artificial hills to mark the grave. In 2007 Gobustan Petroglyphs was designated as a site of UNESCO World Heritage list. State Historical- Artistic Reserve covers an extensive area, where people once lived and left their mark. Additionally a museum was constructed and dedicated to prehistoric people who once lived here.


Gobustan most visited site is the North- East slope of Mount Dzhingirdag. Tourists flock here to see a stone Gavaldash. It is famous for its unique feature, every time it is striken by a stone it creates various harmonious sounds. The feature is owed due to its position on an air cusion located below it. It is possible that this rock was considered sacred in the ancient times so the whole region of Gobustan might have been viewed as holy by the ancient people. In addition to petroglyps discovered several ancient sancuaries including "Sophia Novruz", "Gara atly", "Sophie Hamid" and many others.


Ancient Hunt Reconstruction







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