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Mauthausen Concentration Camp is a large group of
concentration camps near villages Mauthausen and Gusen situated 20 km
(12 mi) East of Linz. It was found in August of 1938 as a slave
camp with a group of 49 satellite Nazi concentration camps in the area. Due to massive Waffen conscription Nazi party was forced to use
enemies of the German Reich in quarries, arm factories and towards the
end of the war even production of Me 262 fighter jets.
Mauthausen Concentration Camp was
liberated by the US 11th.
Armor Division on May
5 1945. The total death toll for compounds
ranges from 122,766 to 320,000.
daily (last admission 15 minutes before closing)
Closed: Dec 24-26, Dec 31, Jan 1
Cost: €2 adults, €1 children
Franz Ziereis (1905- 45)
Commandant of Mauthausen
History of Mauthausen Concentration
Mauthausen Concentration Camp was found on August 8, 1938 as a
extermination camp for enemies of the Reich. First inmates here
consisted mostly of political enemies, socialists, communists,
homosexuals, handicapped (mentally and physically) patients as well as
gypsies or Roma. After the end of Polish campaign many Polish
intellectuals were transferred here. This included scientists, artists,
teachers, professors and many others. With a start of an Eastern
Campaign the camp increased even further. Thousands of Soviet POW's were
sent here. Many didn't stay here too long. Almost immediately they were
send to gas chambers.
In September 1944 a women's camp was opened. Thousands of women and
children were transferred from Buchenwald, Bergen Belsen and many other
locations around Europe to
Mauthausen Concentration Camp. As the war drew closer to the end Nazi
officials moved 20,000 prisoners here. Most of them were exterminated
within several days. SS guards tried to exterminate documents of the
victims before their escape on May, 1945. Due to their actions today
only 40,000 victims are identified. The next day American 11th Armor
Division freed those few who were lucky to survive the war. Nazi
commandant Franz Ziereis who headed the Mauthausen camp tried to hide
from the Allies troops in the mountains. American troops were send to
capture him, but instead they shot him when he tried to escape. Well, at
least this was the official story. His body was hanged at the entrance
of the Mauthausen Concentration Camp by its former prisoners.
Dmitry Karbyshev (Дмитрий
Михайлович Карбышев) 1880- 1945
Karbyshev was a Lieutenant General of Engineer Corps in the Soviet Army.
During World War II he was sent to the front line to stop advancing
German troops. In August 1941 Karbyshev participated in the fighting at
the Dnieper River in Mogilev Region. Here was hit by an artillery
barrage and suffered post- concussion syndrome. He was captured by the
Nazi German forces while unconscious. He was held in several
concentration camps including Hammelburg, Flossenburg, Majdanek,
Auschwitz, Sachsenhausen and finally Mauthausen.
Nazi officials attempted to elicit his cooperation with tortures and
continuous intimidation, but failed to achieve any collaboration.
Despite his advanced age he became one of the most active leaders of the
camp resistance movement in the
Mauthausen Concentration Camp. Unfortunately underground movement was
discovered. On February 17, 1945 Karbyshev along with other 500 Soviet
soldiers were kicked out on the street from their barracks. Here they
were doused with cold water and left over night. The next morning they
were found frozen. Karbyshev was awarded the title of the Hero of the
Soviet Union on August 16, 1946. This incident became one of the most
famous examples of violence in this concentration camp. Today his memory
is commemorated in
Mauthausen with a statue on the open courtyard.
Schematic Breakdown of victims who died in the
Mauthausen Concentration Camp