This is probably the most famous structure
of Rome. A engineering marvel of the Ancient World it still inspires awe in
people. No trip to
can be complete without visiting this ancient amphitheatre. The name
comes from the statue of Nero (100
to 120 Roman feet (37m) high) that once stood near- by. Colosseum
is also known as Flavian Arena after imperial family that built this
started in 72 AD, shortly after victory over Jewish Revolt by emperor
Vespasian. Much of the loot from that war was used to build this
enormous sports arena on site of Nero’s palace Domus Aurea (Golden
House) that was largely demolished for this purpose. Emperor died before
completing his Colosseum so it was his son Titus that inaugurated
structure in 80 AD. During opening games that lasted 100 days over 5000
animals were killed on the arena.
emperors were willing to use Colosseum as a propaganda tool by giving
away free tickets. Tickets were simply pieces of pottery with number of
the entrance gate. Each gate corresponded to a particular sitting
section. The best were in the front row and were made of marble. Most of
it was striped in the medieval ages then this majestic structure was
used as a fortress, condominium, warehouse and even a chapel in honor of
those who perished here. Over the years much of metal joints, marble and
stone was striped for other constructions. Earthquake almost crumbled
the building, yet its stands despite all damages of time.
Rome Colosseum’s hypogeum
(Latin for "underground”). A system of pulleys and elevators
rotted away, but you still can see their remains. This was used to raise
gladiators and animals on a arena for dramatic effect.
Rome Colosseum was digitally recreated in the movie “Gladiator”.
Unlike a common myth a thumb up and into a chest meant kill by thrusting
into a victims chest. And a thumb down and away from a body meant the
crowd wanted the victorious gladiator to toss the sword without harming
To the east of the Rome's Colosseum there are ruins of Ludus
school and living quarters for gladiators.