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Victims of Dyatlov Pass Incident

 

 

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Dyatlov Pass Incident  Dyatlov Pass

 

Vladimir L. Shunin (Friend of Igor Dyatlov, Zina, Nikolay. He often joined them, but this time he had to skip the trip.)

 

Who were they - the students of the fifties - sixties? These were the children of war (World War II). Everyone was raised in the hungry post-war childhood. But they didn't worship money. They believed in the ideas of fraternity, equality, freedom and faith in the "bright realm of socialism." Study, and work for the sake of  all people ...

In those days, there were no rich people. All were equally poor. Students earned money where ever they could. Basically they worked loading and unloading of railway wagons. They weren't very well dressed either. Mainly in ski suits ...

But they had lots of  fun. We had great degree of curiosity that helped us study, learn, work, play sports, and travel.

Hiking played particularly important part in our lives. A cult of tourism, risk taking and courage in a face of challenges was influenced by such books as "Dersu Uzala" by Arsenyev, "Ural - the land of gold" and others, which we read as a children. None of these was done for the money. We did it for the romanticism of taiga, mountains and for the good of the motherland ...

 

 

Igor Dyatlov (Игорь Дятлов)

  • Igor Dyatlov was born on January 13th, 1937. 23 years old. Not married.

  • Igor Dyatlov is the group's leader. The name of the Dyatlov Pass and the whole incident is named after him. Igor Dyatlov was a student of the 5th Faculty of Radio Engineering UPI university. By all accounds he was a talented engineer. Her designed and assembled a VHF radio during his 2nd year in school, that was used during hikes in 1956 in Sayan Mountains. He also designed a small stove that was used since 1958 by Dyatlov himself. It was taken during the last trip since it proved its functionality. According to some sources Dyatlov was offered to stay in school and take the post of the deputy dean of the faculty.

  • People who knew Igor described him as a thoughtful man who never rushed with his decisions. He had great deal of experience in long distance hikes with variable degree of complexity. His decision to establish a tent on the side of the Kholat Syakhl mountain was a calculated one. He knew of the difficulty sleepin on the open surface without protection of trees, but he felt that the group needed some practice before climb of the final Otorten mountain.

  • He courted Zina Kolmogorova who also took part of the hike. Apparently she liked him as well. Igor Dyatlov was one of the most experienced athletes in the group who also traced the path of the group.

  • Body of Igor Dyatlov was found on Fenruary 26, 1959. He was lying on his back, his hands embracing a small tree trunk. He managed to walk 300 meters from the fire under the cedar in a futile attempt to reach the tent. Official conclusion of his death is hypithermia (freezing) without internal or external damage to the body. There is a version that his mild traumatic brain injury was due to tiredness and exhaustion. It could also be due o convulsions before his death.

  • Igor Dyatlov was buried in a former Sverdlovsk, today Yekaterinburg at the Michaylovsky (Saint Michael) Cemetery.

 

 

Mansi book
It should be noted that Dyatlov was obsessed with the Mansi culture and language. He even created his own dictionary of Mansi Russian words. Let me know if you want to me to post the entire dictionary.
Dyatlov Pass Incident
Last letter sent my Igor Dyatlov on January 26th right before his departure. He informs his friends about upcoming journey and promises to return from a trip on February 12- 15

 

 

Zinaida Kolmogorova (Зинаида Колмогорова)

  • Zinaida Kolmogorova was born on January 12th, 1937. 22 years old. Not married.

  • Zinaida was born in 1937 in a village of Cheremhovo, Kamensky district of Sverdlovsk region and lived there until 1948. She was 4th year student at UPI University at Radio Engineering Major. She was an experienced hiker with six major trips into the wilderness who had her share of difficulties. During one of her trips she was bitten by a viper. Despite pain and suffering that this bite caused her she refused lighten her load, unwilling to cause hardship to others.

  • She was very outgoing and energetic. People who knew her say that she was the "engine of the University" or "the soul of the company". She was always full of ideas and was liked by everyone. Despite her popularity in school she always treated everyone with interest and respect. As a result people were naturally drawn to her. Diary events mention that incredible gift. According to the eye witnesses after the hike Zina intended to return home and see her parents whom she missed.

  • Her body was found on Fenruary 26th, 1959 in 630 meters from a fire under the cedar and a tent. She came closest to the tent.

  • Cause of death was ruled as hypothermia with internal and external damage to the body. Additionally there was noted that she had minor traumatic brain injury, probably due to hypothermia. It is possible that she could hit her head during convulsions immediately before her death.

  • She was buried in Yekaterinburg on a Michaylovsky (Saint Michael) Cemetery.

 

Lyudmila Dubinina (Людмила Дубинина)

 

  • Lyudmila Dubinina was born on May 12th, 1938. 21 years old. Not married.

  • Lyudmila was born in 1938. She was a third year student in UPI university in Engineering and Economics Major.

  • She was active in tourist club, liked to sing and take pictures. Many of the pictures of the last trip were done by her.

  • Ludmila Dubinina was very experience, courageous and well respected leader. Just a year earlier she was chosen as a leader of the tourist group that went on category 2 (intermediate difficulty) trip in the Northern Urals.

  • During an expedition to the Eastern Sayan Mountains in 1957 she received an accidental gunshot from another tourist who was cleaning a rifle. She endured a painful injury courageously. During long and very painful transportation she did not complain and even felt sorry for causing too many troubles to the group.

Ludmila Dubinina

 Picture of Ludmila Dubinina as she is helped by her friends after the gunshot wound

  • Body of Ludmila Dubinina was found on May 4th, 1959 about 75 meters away from the campfire at the bottom of the ravine under a layer of snow 4- 4.5 meters thick. She is part of the "last four" or "four in the creek" group that probably died the last. Her body showed evidence that it was moved after her death. While collection of blood under her skin showed that she was lying on her back immidiately after he death, she was later moved. Search party found her courpse face down in the water of the small creek formed by melted water.

  • Cuase of death- extensive hemorrhage in the right ventricle of the heart, multiple bilateral fracture of the ribs, profuse internal bleeding in the chest cavity. One of the strangest details of her autopsy is the missing tongue and lack of description of these injuries. We don't know if the entire tongue was missing with the tongue diaphragm or was it just the intrinsic muscle that were missing. Additionally we don't know whether the tongue was ripped out, cut out or simply scavanged by animals. It is one of the greatest mysteries of the Dyatlov Pass Incident.

  • She was buried on the Michaylovsky (Saint Michael) Cemetery.

 

 

Alexander Kolevatov (Александр Колеватов)

  • Alexander or Sasha (short nick name) Kolevatov was born on November 16th, 1934. 25 years old. Not married.

  • Alexander or Sasha was born in 1934. He was a 4th year student at a Physics Major in UPI University. Priory to moving to Sverdlovsk he finished Sverdlovsk Mining and Metallurgy Collegy majoring in metallurgy of heavy nonferrous metals.

  • Alexander Kolevatov distinguished himself as a good student and moved to Moscow in August of 1953 to work in secret institute of the Ministry of Medium Machine Building that was called merely by its serial number of I 3394. This institute was involved in a research in the field of materials used in the nuclear industry. Later he moved to Research Insitute of Inorganic Materials that was engaged in producing materials for the growing nuclear industry. While working there he enrolled in the All- Union Correspondence Polytechnic Institute and completed one year of school. For his second year in September of 1956 he moved back to Sverdlovsk and joined UPI. His friends described him as diligent, pedantic, methodical with clear leadership qualities.

  • Alexander Kolevatov was an experienced tourist who went on the long range hikes in the Polar region of the Ural mountains.

  • Many witnesses claim that Kolevatov always kept a separate personal diary to all his hikes. His diary was never discovered.

  • Body of Alexander Kolevatov was found on May 4, 1959 at the bottom of the ravine along with bodies of Dubinina, Zolotarev and Thibault- Brignoles about 75 meters south- west of the cedar. He was buried by a snow layer 4- 4.5 meters thick. He was part of the group known as the "last four".

  • Casue of death- hypothermia. Internal and external damage to the body were not significant.

  • He was buried on the Michaylovsky (Saint Michael) Cemetery

 

 

Rustem Slobodin (Рустем Слободин)

  • Rustem Slobodin was born on January 11th, 1936. 23 years old. Not married.

  • He was born in 1936 and graduated from UPI University in 1959. He was a very athletic man, honest and descent, although quiet at times. He was a well experience climber and a camper that participated in many long distance hikes. Additionally he liked to run at the long distances. It might the reason why he was chosen to walk back to the tent as he was in a perfect physical condition. He liked to play mandolin that he often took during long hiking trips. His mandolin was found in the tent

  • After graduation Rustem worked as an engineer on Plant number 817 (also known as "Mayak"- "Lighthouse" in Russian). The plant is a closed regime facility that belonged to Chelyabinsk- 40. Among other things this closed plant worked with weapon grade plutonium. He came to work to this secret facility a year before George Krivonischenko.

  • His father was a professor at another Sverdlovsk University. Although Rustem was ethnically Russian his father gave him a traditional Tatar name following a popular fashion of international friendship among all men. Although some proposed that Slobodin's parents might have given their son to honor a long period when they lived in a Central Asia, where name Rustem is quiet common.

  • The body of Rustem Slobodin was found on March 4, 1959 on a line between a fire under a cedar and a tent. His body was found 150 meters from Kolmogorova body and 180 meters from Igor Dyatlov body. He walked 480 meters from the cedar and was second to collapse on the way to the tent. His corpse was discovered face down. Few abrasions suggest that he fought the elements to the least heart beat and died probably on his feet or shortly after falling.

  • Cause of death is ruled as hypothermia. However there have been damage to the cranial vault. The damage is mostly on the right side, which made many hypothesize that he was attacked by someone who had left hand as the dominant. More detailed information on the Rustem's autopsy can be found here

  • He was burried at the Michaylovsky (Saint Michael) Cemetery

 

Yuri or Georgiy Krivonischenko (Юрий Кривонищенко)

  • Yuri or Georgiy Krivonischenko was born on February 7th, 1935. 24 years old. Not married

  • Yuri was born in Zuhres, Ukraine and until 1941 he lived in Donetsk Region of Eastern Ukraine. However after German invasion and breakout of the World War II his family was forced to move to Saratov and then again in 1941 he was evacuated beyond the Ural mountains along with the factory infrastructure.

  • He graduated from UPI University in 1959.

  • After graduation he started working on Plant number 817 (the "Mayak") along with Rustem Slobodin. While working in Chelyabinsk- 40 a secret nuclear facility he experienced a disaster that became known as Kushtumkoy Accident. On September 29, 1957 plutonium plant experienced radioactive leak. Yuri Or George Krivonishenko was among the people who was sent to clean it up. His body will wear clothes that have traces of radioactivity that some trace to this particular event. However being an engineer Yuri had more knowledge about radioactivity than most people at the time and it is highly unlikely that he kept any of the clothes that he was wearing two years prior to the trip. Another possible source of radioactivity might be contact of the spilled radioactive material around the plant.

  • He was a close friend of Igor Dyatlov and participated in all his camping trips. He is known under name Yuri that are simply Russian variation of the name George or Georgiy and should not be treated with suspicion.

  • Krivonishenko body was found by Slobtsov on 26 Fenruary 1959 along with Yuri Doroshenko under a cedar tree and about half kilometer from the abandoned tent. He was stripped to his underwear by the remaining members of the group. We make this conclusion, because his clothes were found in the ravine by the bodies of the last four members. Clothes were cut with a knife since his body was too stiff to move. This fact is the reason for a "paradoxical undressing" theory. In reality the remaining members of the Dyatlov Pass simply tried to save themselves by all means possible.

  • His body carried marks of burns. Presumable these burns were made by a fire found under the cedar that apparently burned for an hour or hour and a half. What forced the tourists to abandon the fire is hard to explain. Theoretically they could have stayed by the fire until the sunrise when they could easily make it back to the tent.

  • Official conclusion on cause of death is hypothermia (freezing) and fatigue. He was burried in Yekaterinburg on the Ivanovo cemetery in March 1959 along with Zolotarev who was buried here two months later.

 

Yuri Doroshenko (Юрий Дорошенко)

  • Yuri Doroshenko was born on January 29th. 21 years old. Not married.

  • He was born in 1938 in Strelecky region of Kursk Oblast (state) in a family of three siblings. Yury's father graduated from the Kiev Institute of GMI. When World War II broke out his whole family was moved with their factory beyond the Ural mountains to escape the German occupation and bombing. His father died in 1954 from a heart attack. The next year in 1955 Yury graduated from High School with straight A's and a medal for examplary achievements.

  • Yuri Doroshenko was a student of the same UPI university on a faculty of heavy machinery. It was last 4th year.

  • Doroshenko was involved in a relationship with Zina Kolmogorova and even went to met her parents in Kamensk- Urals. Although they broke up he kept a good relationship with Zina Kolmogorova and Igor Dyatlov.

  • Yuri Doroshenko was an experienced hiker with several long range hikes. He himself headed several groups in the Middle Ural Mountain range of varying degrees of complexity.

  • His body was found on February 26, 1959 under the cedar with George Krivonischenko by Slobtsov.

  • Official cause of death is hypothermia, although his autopsy mentioned presence of strange foam around his mouth that might be indicative of pulmonary edema, a very rare diagnosis among young athletic individuals.

  • He was buried on the Michaylovsky (Saint Michael) Cemetery

 

Nicolai Thibeaux-Brignolle (Николай Тибо-Бриньоль)

  • Nicolai or Nikolai was born on June 5th, 1935. 24 years old. Not married

  • Nikolai or Nicholas or simply Kolya was born in 1934. He graduated in 1958 with major in Civil Engineering from UPI University. He began working as acivil engineer and a foreman.

  • From his personal file: "Thoughtful and shows initiative. Disciplined, assiduous."

  • Nikolai Thibeaux- Brignolle was a son of a French Communist who was executed during Stalin years. He himself was born in concentration camp for political prisoners.

  • His friends liked Nikolai Thibeaux- Brignolle for his energy, good sense of humor and generally friendly open character. All people who knew him and went on camping trips with him, an incredible sense of care about all members of the group. He often helped younger or weaker members of the group to carry their things. He fixed their bags to reduce the pain and make more comfortable. Yuri Yudin (only survivor of the group who cut his trip short) mentioned that Nicolai helped him in his first serious trips into Siberian forest. Nicolai promised his mother that this would be his last hiking trip.

  • His body was discovered 75 meters South- west of cedar in the ravine

  • Cause of death- coumound fracture of the skull bones and concomitant copious bleeding.

  • He was buried on the Michaylovsky (Saint Michael) Cemetery

 

Semen "Alexander" Zolotarev (Семен "Александр" Золотарёв)

  • Semen "Alexander" Zolotarev was born on February 2nd, 1921. 37 years old. Not married.

  • Semen Zolotarev or Alexander Zolotarev was born in 1921 in Udobnaya village of Krasnodar region in the South Russia. He was son of a doctor.

  • He was the oldest and also the most mysterious member of the Dyatlov group. A native of North Caucasian Kuban Cossacks he survived the Great Patriotic War

  • Semen Zolotarev served in the active duty from October 1941 till May 1946 in the 48th army of the Second Belorussian Front

  • Some researches point a strange inconsistency between him joining the Red Army on October 10th 1941 and reaching the front on May 10th 1942. And these months were marked by some of the heaviest fighting between Soviet Red Army and German Wehrmacht. He should have been fighting within a week or so. Is it possible that he was trained as a ranger or a special forces soldier? We don't have a proof for that, but judging by official reports of his officers he was one hell of a soldier. No fear, no hesitancy, yet very disciplined and thoughtful.

  • Survival rate for generation born in 1921- 22 was 3% so Semen Zolotarev was very very lucky man. Additionally he received four medals including the Order of the Red Star, "For the Defense of Stalingrad", "For the capture of Konigsberg" (today Kaliningrad), "For the Victory over Germany".

  • Below is an official document stating one of his feats for which he was awarded government award (Order of the Red Star).

Sergeant S. (! Semen) Zolotarev crossed the river along with his nine men during the night from 21 to 22 April 1945 on a pantone raft. As he was crossing his raft was targeted by artillery and mortar fire from the side of the enemy.

One he got to the other side he managed to construct a ferry for transport of more troops. Enemy zeroed on the group with mortar fire and machine gun fire. One of his soldiers was wounded and Zolotarev took his place in an attempt to secure the ferry. His fearless example inspired other troops to complete the task as soon as possible. One of the piece of destroyed ferry laid about 300 meters from the group landing. Zolotarev left security of the landing site at the river and ventured into a deep swamp to retrieve it. Another of his men (private Korneev) followed him with out his order and helped his commanding officer to retrieve necessary piece of the ferry from the swamp.

The task was completed and ferry started to operate. Badly needed ammunition and tanks were transported across the river on the other bank of the river.

For the skilful and brave command of his unit, for the bravery and courage that he showed in a combat mission Sergeant Zolotarev was awarded government medals.

 

 

 

 

 

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One of the most strange aspects of this man is his unexplained choice of introducing himself under a fake name. His real name was Semen while everyone called him "Sasha" or "Alexander". There is no credible evidence of why he chose to introduce himself by a different name.

 

It is known whether he joined a Communist party after the war or not. In April 1946 Zolotarev transferred to Leningrad Military Engineering University. Here he completed two years of college in physical education. Later he transferred to Mink Institute of Physical Education (GIFKB). In the yearly 50's he worked as a guide for a tourist base of "Artybash" in Altai in South Siberia.

 

Although his carrier might seem usual it is hard to explain certain points in his biography. He could have stayed in the army, but left it. He could have stayed and work as a tourist guide at one tourist base and yet he moves across the country repeatedly without explanation. Additionally being a Cossack from the South it is highly unusual that he never got married, never had any kids and had numerous strange tattoos that he hid under his clothing. Family members who knew him were suprised to find out that he even had them. So either Zolotarev was so good in hiding them or he added them just recently.

 

These tattoos included his birth year "1921", letters "Г.С." and letters "Г+С+П=Д" on the rear left forearm. The last was common among Soviet soldiers who served together for a long time. Russian letter "Д" stands for "дружба" or "friendship". Three letters were first letters of the three soldiers who served with Semed Zolotarev. "С" stood for "Семен" or "Semen" in Russian. Although some suggested that Russian letter "C" might also stand for Sasha (Саша) Zolotarev. Sasha is a more casual name for Alexander. Others two names are unknown. We can only make guesses. On his rear right forearm he had a tatoo of a heart and a letter "C". Another tattoo "ДАЕРММУАЗУАЯ" seems like a complete gibberish. No body knows what it stands for, but there have been many theories. We will probably will never know the true meaning of these letters.

 

At the rear of the right hand at the base of the big toe a tattoo read "Gena". It is a Russian name, short for Genady. It is plausible that one of the letters in the "Г+С+П=Д" combination was Genady.

 

Ironically he was supposed to celebrate his 38th birth day on February 2nd. This also becomes the date of his death.

  • Speaks fluently Ukrainian, Belorussian, Polish. Basic German.

  • He was burried in Yekaterinburg on the Ivanovo cemetery

 

 

On the left picture Semen Zolotarev with his friend during World War II, right picture Zolotarev with his parents.

 

 

Yuri Yudin (Юрий Юдин)

 

  • Yuri was born in 1937 (June 19th). He was a 4th year student of UPI. Yuri left the expedition before the tragedy struck due to medical reasons. His back that was previously hurt during another hiking trail started to cause pain again. Yuri Yudin criticized the official criminal investigation until his death. He believed that Dyatlov Pass Incident was a murder that was carefully hidden by the officials, either because the murder was carried out by the Soviet special forces or because Soviet intelligence allowed Western spies to kill the group.

  • He passed away on April 27th, 2013. He was buried on May 4th at the Michailovskoe Cemetery along with his other seven friends.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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