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World War II Sites


Image of Volgograd

Volgograd is largest city as well as capital of Volgograd Oblast. It is found on the banks of Volga River and its name in Russian means "Volga City". However Volgograd is most famous under its former name of Stalingrad. During World War II Battle of Stalingrad became the turning point of defeat of Nazi Germany.

Image of Volgograd  Image of Volgograd





Travel Destinations in Volgograd

Mamayev Kurgan (Volgograd)

Image of Volgograd

Mamayev Kurgan or "tumulus of Mamai" holds a dominant height overlooking Volgograd. It is situated on the right bank of the Volga River. This small piece of land became the key to securing the city during bloody battle of Stalingrad.

Mamayev Kurgan Volgograd

Mamayev Kurgan is a Tartar (Mongol tribe) burial mound at a height of 102 meters. This location in general has many legends and stories. Some are based on facts, others are hard to prove. It is known that Sarmatians regarded this area as sacred and carried out religious rituals here as early as 5th century BC. Some even believe that military expedition of Persian king Darius against these nomadic tribe might have reached area of modern day Volgograd. Another legend claim that after the battle at Kulikovo Field in 1380 Tatar general Mamai fled the victorious Russian army to banks of Volga. Here he was killed by a contender to a throne of the Golden Horde and here Mamai was supposedly buried. Although we know now that it is not true "kurgan" or tumulus belonged to some unknown prominent Tatar leader.


During World War II Mamayev Kurgan became the central prize in Stalingrad Battle. Due to its dominant position in the city Germans threw thousands of troops and tanks to capture it. Soviet Red Army defended the hill for over 200 days. Over 35,000 of Soviet soldiers were buried at the conclusion of the grandiose battle. However until 1959 the mound was pitted with bombs and mines. From 1959 to October 1967 Mamayev Kurgan was turned into monument "Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad" dedicated to soldiers who fell here. It encompasses a total area of 26 hectares.


Image of Volgograd  Image of Volgograd  Image of Volgograd



Church of All Saints (Volgograd)

Image of Volgograd

Address: Mamayev Kurgan, Volgograd

Church of All Saints is a Russian Orthodox church- monument that was recently constructed and dedicated to fallen Orthodox soldiers who died on Mamayev Kurgan.

Church of All Saints is located just two hundred meters from the monument "The Motherland Calls!" and mass graves of thousands of soldiers that fell here in 1942- 43. At the time of construction of Mamayev Kurgan War memorial USSR was officially an atheist country so no religious buildings were allowed, however after the collapse of the Communist regime and its main ideology it became clear that many Russians want to commemorate the memory of their fallen soldiers in Christian churches as well as non- religious ones. The idea for construction of the Church of All Saints was blessed by Patriarch Alexy in 1995, but construction began years later. The foundation for the church was laid down in May 2002 near mass graves of fallen Soviet soldiers. Funds for its construction were gathered largely from private donations. Church of All Saints was completed in 2005.

Its five domes reach a height of 38 meters and visible from most parts of Volgograd. In a traditional Orthodox architecture five domes represent Jesus Christ and four authors of Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Its helmet domes were build from titanium alloys and brought here from Ural mountains and its shape was modeled  after helmets of medieval Russian warriors.


Panorama Museum (Volgograd)

Ulitsa Chuikova, 10-17

Image of Volgograd  Image of Volgograd  Image of Volgograd

Panorama Museum was completed in 1985 to celebrate 40th anniversary of victory in World War II. It was designed by chief architect Vadim Maslyaev and designer E.V. Temnikov. The first level consists of a museum dedicated to Battle of Stalingrad. The second level is taken by a huge round canvas depicting the military actions. One of the most distinct features of Panorama Museum is Gerharts's Mill. It is the only original part of ruined Volgograd that was preserved after the battle's end.



Gerhart's Mill (Volgograd)

Image of Volgograd Gerhart's Mill  Gerhart's Mill Volgograd Stalingrad

Gerhart's Mill was constructed in 1904 for Alexander Gerhart, Russian- German businessmen. He was born on 23rd of January 1864 in a German Straub colony. He joined his grandfather in a family business "A.D. Gerhardt und Neffen" that later was transformed into "Gebruder Gerhard". After Russian Revolution of 1917 he lost all his possessions including his Volgograd buildings. Alexander Gerhart was arrested on 1st January, 1933 by GPU, Soviet Secret Police. He died after tortures on April 21st the same year.


Gerhart's Mill was simple industrial building that didn't stand out from the rest of Stalingrad- Volgograd. It became famous during World War II. At the conclusion of military actions in the city Most of the city was left in ruins. Soviet government order massive reconstruction project that rebuilt the whole city. However Gerhart's Mill became the only part of the city that was preserved after the conclusion of the war. Some people mistakenly call it Pavlov's House although it was re- constructed after the war. Owner's name "Gerhart" is still visible at the top of the abandoned building.



Pavlov's House (Volgograd)

Location: Penzenskaya, 61

Image of Volgograd Pavlov's House  Pavlov's House Stalingrad Volgograd  Pavlov's House Stalingrad Volgograd

Pavlov's House is probably one of the most famous buildings in Volgograd. In Russian it is a symbol of heroism and bravery while the rest of the World probably recognizes by one of scenarios in a computer game Call of Duty.  Occasionally Gerharts Mill is mistakenly called Pavlov's House due to overall similarity. However Pavlov's House was later reconstructed, while Gerharts Mill was left in its original state of disrepair following heavy fighting during Battle of Stalingrad. Click on the link above to get more history on the siege of the Pavlov's House.


Image of Yakov Pavlov

Yakov Pavlov









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