El Leoncito National Park is a natural preserve
located in a very secluded area of Argentina known as mountains of
Sierra del Tontal.
The closest human settlements include town of Barreal 30 km North of the
area and Calingasta situated 70 km North of the park entrance. El
Leoncito National Park protected area was created on September 18, 2002 to preserve deserts,
dry savannah and Andes mountains, home of guanaco, llama and other
dromedaries. Until that time since 1994 the park area along with many
other Argentinian partks was closed to the public so that the
country's protected bioreserves would recover from the devastating
El Leoncito National Park is famous for being a home
to peregrine falcon, the fastest bird on Earth. In addition to flora and
fauna, El Leoncito National Park protects ancient archeological (parts
of the Incan Road) and paleontological digs. One of the most popular
historical site here is Leoncito ranch house. El Leoncito National Park
has very low precipitations with annual average rainfall of just 200 mm.
Thus lack of precipitation and lack of clouds made El Leoncito National
Park a logic site for construction of an Observatory in the 90's of
the 20th century. In total it allows over 300 days a year of clear
area contains Felix Aguilar Observatory (formerly known as Astronomical
Observatory Dr. Carlos U. Cesco) and Astronomic the Leoncito (CASLEO).
It is one of the largest scientific sites in Argentina designated to
El Leoncito National Park contains a network of
several hiking trails leading to the most picturesque places in the
area including waterfalls, observation decks and several streams.
Most of trais are easy to hike, but you should keep in mind that
temperatures in the desert can be quiet severe. Dress accordingly
and wear plenty of fresh water. Additionally El Leoncito National
Park has several designated low quality camping sites reserved for