Abrolhos Marine National Park was founded on
April 6, 1983 as at the first Marine National Park in the country.
It is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity
Conversation (ICMBio). Although first scientific observation of the
area was carried out in 1830 by Charles Darwin who passed through
Abrolhos Archipelago during his World wide trip. Five islands of the
Abrolhos archipelago are volcanic in origin. Today only Siriba is
open to the public. A hiking trail around the islands extends for
1,600 meters (5,200 feet).
In addition to numerous species of birds that
come to these lands, Abrolhos Marine National Park is also famous
for whale watching. Every years several species, most notably
humpback whales, of these magnificent animals pass through these
waters during their annual migration. Waters of Abrolhos Marine
National Park is considered the largest breeding nursery throughout
the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean.