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Haghpat Monastery (Հաղպատավանք)
Haghpat Monastery located in Haghpat, Lori
Province of Armenia was found in 10th century by Saint Nishan (Sourb Nshan).
Along with nearby
Sanahin monastery, Haghpat Monastery is added
to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The largest church
of Haghpat abbey is a Cathedral of Saint Nishan that was
constructed between 967- 991 AD thanks to donations of Armenian
Prince Khutulukhaga. A small domed Church of Saint Gregory (Sourb
Grigor) the Illuminator is situated near by. Additionally the
Haghpat Monastery contains hall (gavit) of Amazasp (1257),
refectory (mid- XIII century), crypt of Ukanyants with a chapel
and many more structures. Like many medieval Christian
monasteries Haghpat monastery became a center of education and studies.
Monks studied medicine, history, literature and created
beautiful frescoes. Haghpat monastery was badly damaged by constant
invaders from the south, however with Armenian annexation by the
Russian Empire these attacks largely stopped.
quickly grew in size until the beginning of the 20th century
when Russian Revolution of 1917 reached here. As it happened
across former USSR atheists closed all monasteries and churches.
Monks and nuns either ran away or were executed. Haghpat
Monastery was no exception to this horrible fate. After the
collapse of Soviet Union and fall of Communism this Christian
monastery was returned to its rightful owners, Armenian
Apostolic Church. Today it is again an active monastery. Be
aware that you shouldn't enter the altar of the church without
Bell Tower of Haghpat
Monastery constructed in 1245