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Sanahin Monastery (Սանահին վանք)
Sanahin Monastery is situated in Sanahin, Lori
province of Armenia. Due to its artistic value and complexity of
architectural layout Sanahin Monastery was added to the list of
UNESCO World Heritage List.
Monastery was constructed in the 10th century on
the slopes of Mount Tchantinler. It was built on site of much
older Christian church that dates to the 4th century AD, about the time
when Armenia officially accepted Christianity as their state religion. According to local legends the original church
of Sanahin Monastery was
found by Saint Gregory the Illuminator (famous Armenian
missionary) himself. Monastery complex served an important role in
education of Armenian elites since its original foundation. Later it was
transformed into the Academy of Grigor Magistros Pahlavuni, whose course
focused mainly on the humanities stadies.
Sanahin Monastery religious
complex of the Armenian Apostolic Church takes its name from a
village Sanahin situated below at the bottom of the valley. The monastery is made of
several buildings including main church of Saint Amenaprkitch
(Holy Redeemer), small chapel of Saint Astvatsatsin, round
chapel of Saint Gregory, library, academy and a bell tower.
Sanahin Monastery also contained a church of Saint James from a
10th century, but it was destroyed along with living quarters of
the monks during Mongol invasion of 1235. Subsequently the
monastery went into decline and was abandoned. Currently parts
of the Sanahin Monastery undergoes renovation. Architects attempt to
stabilize the grounds of the complex to keep structure from collapsing.
Abbey lies on a popular hiking route that also includes Armenian
medieval landmarks like
Odzun Monastery and
Monastery along its path.