Geography of Syria
Syrian Arab Republic is a state in the
Middle East. The country borders Lebanon and Israel in the
South- West, Jordan in the South, Iraq to the East and Turkey in
the North. Syria has an access to Mediterranean Sea in the West.
Ansari mountain range divided the country and shapes the climate
of Syria. The wet Western part of the country is distinct from
the more arid Eastern part of Syria that is dotted with mountain
ranges Dazhabl al- Ruvak, Jabal Abu Jabal and Rudzhmayn Bishr.
To the North of the mountains is a desert Hamad, to the South
desert Homs. In the east Syria crosses the Euphrates river.
Religion in Syria
About 90% of the population in country
are Muslims and 10% are Christians. About 75% of the Muslim
population are Sunni, the other 25% are Alawites, Druze and
Shi'a. Among the Christians half are Orthodox, another 18% are
Photo and Video while traveling in Syria
Photographing public institutions,
palaces, military and transportation facilities is prohibited.
Making photos inside the Muslim mosques is also prohibited. In
Christian churches photos and videos can be made after asking
for permissions. Do not take pictures of local women without
permission. This can get you into a lot of trouble.
Emergency Number in Syria
Police (Damascus) 112
Red Cross 442- 1600
Politics in Syria
Syria is a multi- party parliamentary
republic. The head of the state is the president. The government
is headed by the Prime Minister. The legislative body of Syria
consists of the National Council. Currently the country is in a
state of a Civil War. Travel to the region at your own risk.
Although it is probably wiser to take a rain check for visiting
Weather in Syria
The climate in Syria is subtropical,
Mediterranean. The interior of the country is continental and
dry. The average temperatures in January usually ranges between
4- 12 C and in July from 26- 33 C. The rainfall is from 100- 300
mm on the plateau to 1000mm per year in the mountains.
Language in Syria
The official language of the country is
Arabic. The northern region of the country uses Kurdish
language. Other popular languages include Armenian, Circassian (Cherkess)
and Turkmen. In some area there are uses of various dialects of
Aramaic. French and English are also commonly used.
Local traditions in Syria
Take food, money and things with your
right hand. Don't show the soles of your feet since this is very
offensive. During the handshake you should not look in the eyes.
Additionally don't hold your left hand in the pocket while you
shake someone's hand. Don't bypass the worshipper in the front
then he prays. Take off your shoes then you enter the mosque.
Avoid drinking alcohol in the public since it is prohibited by
Qur'an. Clothing should modest. Appearing in sport and beach
uniform in public is considered impolite. Even on the beach it
is no recommended to appear in the nude or topless.
It is not recommended to join the Syrians in the political
debate, especially concerning Israel.