Chobe National Park is a nature reserve situated in the Northern part of Botswana. It covers an area of 11,700km². Originally the region of Chobe National Park was inhabited by Basarwa people or San bushmen. These were hunter gatherers who left interesting rock paintings in different parts of the park. Much of the Chobe National Park is covered by savannah. During rainy season it blossoms with flowers, wetlands appear as rivers and lakes swell. During the dry season, however, the savannah turns less inviting. The grass turns yellow, desert overtakes large portion of the park and many animals gather close to water sources.
Chobe National Park was founded in 1967, although
the first protected area, albeit significantly smaller in size, was
created here in 1931. It is located in the north-east of the
country, at the north-eastern outskirts of the Kalahari desert, in
the basin of the Gwando River, which is called Chobe below the
The park is one of the largest places of concentration of wild animals both on the African continent and around the world. There are more than 400 species of birds, one of the largest populations of the African elephant (it is estimated that more than 50,000 individuals) and several dozen species of other large mammals.
At the moment, the park is divided into 4 ecosystems:
The Serondela Zone is the bank of the Chobe River, it is located in the northeast of the park.
Savuti swamps are located on the western side of the park.
Lignanti Marshes are located in the northeastern part of the park.
Between the swamps of Lignyanti and Savuti there are inland areas - a zone of plains and forests, which is hardly visited.
Since 2011, the park has been part of the Kavango-Zambezi Transboundary Reserve.