Species: lions, cheetah, hyena, raptors,
leopard, wildebeest, eagles, secretary bird, vultures and etc.
Transfrontier National Park
Description of Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park
Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park is located in Kgalagadi
District of Botswana. Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park covers
an area of 38,000 km2 (15,000 sq mi) of African savannah as well as
arid and semi arid desert. The symbol of the park is a gemsbok, an
antelope with long twisted horns. Other animals include giraffes,
Kalahari lions, suricates that live in family communities, ostriches
and many others.
In South Africa , the Kalahari Gemsbok National
Park was created on July 31, 1931 mainly to protect the oryx from
poaching. It extends at the time on 9 594 km 2 .
Botswana side , Gemsbok Park was created in 1937 . It then extended
over 28 400 km 2 .
In June 1992 , representatives of South
African National Parks (currently SANParks) and the Botswana
Department of Wildlife and National Parks established a joint
management committee for the area, which is recognized as a unique
ecological entity. On April 7, 1999 , Botswana and South Africa
signed a historic bilateral agreement whereby the two countries
jointly manage adjacent national parks, Gemsbok National Park in
Botswana and Kalahari Gemsbok National Park in South Africa, which
become the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park.
In 2002 , an
agreement was signed as part of the restitution of lands to
indigenous peoples: 60 000 hectares were returned to the two local
communities - 30 000 ha to the San (formerly called Boshimans ), and
30 000 hectares to Les Mier, Métis people. farmers settled south of
Kgalagadi more than 170 years ago. The agreement includes the
creation in the park, at the San and Mier lands border , of a lodge
common to both communities. Operational since 2007 , the Klaus lodge
is managed by the Transfrontier Parks Destinations. It offers a
luxury accommodation and a cultural village. The profits are partly
donated to the communities