Kruger National Park is a protected area in
Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces in the North- east corner of
South Africa. Kruger National Park covers an area of 18,989 km2
(7,332 sq mi).
The park is located in the east of the former
Transvaal province between the Limpopo and Crocodile rivers (now the
park is part of the provinces of Mpumalanga and Limpopo). In the
east, the park borders on Mozambique.
The total length of the
park from north to south is 340 km. The three main parts of the park
(northern, central and southern) are formed by the Ulifants and Sabi
The climate in the park is subtropical, the rainy
season is usually from October to March (inclusive).
of Homo erectus, which lived here more than half a million years
ago, were discovered in the park. In addition, the park contains
artifacts of the Stone and Iron Ages. The park has about 130 rock
paintings, more than 300 archaeological sites, including the ruins
of Thulamela and Masorini.
The history of the region, the
settlement of the territory and the emergence of Europeans is
reflected in the culture of the Nguni people.
In 1884, President of the Transvaal Paul Kruger took the initiative
to create a conservation zone in Low Velde. In 1898, on the
territory between the Sabi and Crocodile rivers, the Sabi reserve
was founded, in whose territory hunting was limited. On May 31,
1926, Kruger Park was created on the basis of the hunting reserves
of Sabi and Shingwiji, which became the first national park in South
Africa. The history of the formation of the national park can be
viewed in the library named after Stevenson-Hamilton, the first park
ranger, appointed in 1902.
Since 2002, the park has been part
of the Greater Limpopo Transboundary Park.
In the territory
of the Kruger park, the vegetation of the park savannah is dominant,
characterized by light forests, dry deciduous forests, and cereals.
Part of the park, located north of the Ulifants River, is a Veld
Mopane, while the southern part is a tornveld. 17 out of 47 species
of trees protected by the state grow in the park (the list was
published in September 2004.
According to TSB, the largest
concentration of wildlife in the world is observed in the central
part of the park. The park is inhabited by elephants, hippos,
giraffes, rhinos, lions, leopards, Nile crocodiles, 17 species of
antelopes. According to the management of the park, about 1,500
lions, 12,000 elephants, 2,500 buffaloes, 1,000 leopards and 5,000
rhinos (both white and black) live on its territory.