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Location: Limpopo and Mpumalanga Provinces  Map

Area: 18,989 km2 (7,332 sq mi)

Kruger National Park

Kruger National Park








Kruger National Park is a protected area in Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces in the North- east corner of South Africa. Kruger National Park covers an area of 18,989 km2 (7,332 sq mi).





The park is located in the east of the former Transvaal province between the Limpopo and Crocodile rivers (now the park is part of the provinces of Mpumalanga and Limpopo). In the east, the park borders on Mozambique.

The total length of the park from north to south is 340 km. The three main parts of the park (northern, central and southern) are formed by the Ulifants and Sabi rivers.

The climate in the park is subtropical, the rainy season is usually from October to March (inclusive).

Traces of Homo erectus, which lived here more than half a million years ago, were discovered in the park. In addition, the park contains artifacts of the Stone and Iron Ages. The park has about 130 rock paintings, more than 300 archaeological sites, including the ruins of Thulamela and Masorini.

The history of the region, the settlement of the territory and the emergence of Europeans is reflected in the culture of the Nguni people.

Park history
In 1884, President of the Transvaal Paul Kruger took the initiative to create a conservation zone in Low Velde. In 1898, on the territory between the Sabi and Crocodile rivers, the Sabi reserve was founded, in whose territory hunting was limited. On May 31, 1926, Kruger Park was created on the basis of the hunting reserves of Sabi and Shingwiji, which became the first national park in South Africa. The history of the formation of the national park can be viewed in the library named after Stevenson-Hamilton, the first park ranger, appointed in 1902.

Since 2002, the park has been part of the Greater Limpopo Transboundary Park.

In the territory of the Kruger park, the vegetation of the park savannah is dominant, characterized by light forests, dry deciduous forests, and cereals. Part of the park, located north of the Ulifants River, is a Veld Mopane, while the southern part is a tornveld. 17 out of 47 species of trees protected by the state grow in the park (the list was published in September 2004.

According to TSB, the largest concentration of wildlife in the world is observed in the central part of the park. The park is inhabited by elephants, hippos, giraffes, rhinos, lions, leopards, Nile crocodiles, 17 species of antelopes. According to the management of the park, about 1,500 lions, 12,000 elephants, 2,500 buffaloes, 1,000 leopards and 5,000 rhinos (both white and black) live on its territory.



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