Ermak Travel Guide

 

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Georgia

Georgia Destinations Travel Guide

 

 

 

Flag of Georgia

Language: Georgian

Currency: Lari (GEL)

Calling Code: 995

 

 

 

Georgia (in Georgian: საქართველო, transliterated: Sakartvelo) is a sovereign country of Eastern Europe, located on the coast of the Black Sea. Until 1991, it was part of the Russian Empire and later Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). It shares borders with Russia to the north and northeast, with Turkey and Armenia to the south, and with Azerbaijan to the southeast.The capital is Tbilisi (in Georgian: თბილისი, Tbilisi), although since 2012 the Parliament is based in the city of Kutaisi.

The Constitution of Georgia is that of a representative democracy, organized as a unitary State, semi-presidential Republic. Georgia is currently a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation (Eurocontrol), the World Trade Organization, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Democratic Option Community, and GUAM. The country aspires to join the European Union and NATO; the European Union incorporated Georgia as an associated state.

The history of Georgia goes back to the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia. Georgia reached the peak of its political and economic strength during the reign of David IV and Queen Tamar, in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century, Georgia was annexed by the Russian Empire. After a brief period of independence after the Russian Revolution of 1917. Georgia was annexed by Soviet Russia in 1921. From 1922 to 1991 the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic was one of the fifteen federal republics of the Soviet Union. On April 9, 1991, shortly after the collapse of the USSR, Georgia declared its independence. Like many post-communist countries, Georgia suffered civil unrest and the economic crisis of most of the 1990s, but through the Revolution of the Roses of 2003 the new government introduced democratic and economic reforms.

 

Travel Destination in Georgia

 

Zarzma Monastery 

Zarzma Monastery of Transfiguration is a medieval Orthodox Christian monastery located in Samtskhe-Javakheti region of Georgia.