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Agra

Agra

 

 

 

Location: Uttar Pradesh

 

 

 

 

Agra is a beautiful medieval town located in Uttar Pradesh state of India.

Travel Destinations in Agra

Agra Fort (Agra)

 

Jahangiri mahal

Open: daily (free Friday)

Closed: public holidays

MP Tourist Sheesh Mahal

Tel. (07680) 25 2624

Agra Fort is a walled city in a medieval Indian town of Agra in Uttar Pradesh state in India. It is situated 2.5 km North- West of another famous monument in the city Taj Mahal. Agra Fort was a former residence of Shah (ruler) Jahan who constructed this magnificent mausoleum. From its walls he often glanced at a beautiful tomb of his beloved wife.

Agra Fort was first mentioned in 1080. Apparently the construction of Agra Fort started during reign of Sikarvarom Radzhputsom. In the late 15th century Delhi Sultan or ruler Sikander Lodi moves his official place of residence to Agra Fort for better protection from possible insurrections by the locals. After the death of an old monarch in 1517, his son Ibrahim greatly increases military fortifications. He also orders construction of wells and mosques on its territory. Ibrahim didn't last too long. In 1526 he got killed in the one of the battles in Panipat. Shortly thereafter the armies of Mughals stormed and captured Agra along with Agra fort. They seized priceless legendary treasures, including the famous diamond "Kohinoor".

Mughal Emperor Akbar ("great" in Arabic) moves his capital to Agra. He orders reconstruction of the damaged walls and towers of the Agra Fort. Its current appearance is largely owed to this period of history. Islam prohibits depiction of animals and humans. Instead Agra Fort was covered by beautiful mosaics and intricate designs. Reconstruction of the military fortifications in Agra were completed in 1573.

Completed Agra Fort had a semi- circular configuration that spread over an area of 91 hectares. Its walls were reinforced by towers, while four gates on all four side of the fort allowed passage inside the walled city. Below is a list of some of the more prominent structures inside the Agra Fort.

Musamman Burj- is a large octagonal tower in the Agra Fort with its balconies facing the mausoleum of Taj Mahal. It was constructed by the builder of the famous tomb Shah Jahan. From here old man used to glance at the final resting place of his beloved wife. It was erected between 1631 and 1640.

Mina Masjud (Heavenly Mosque)- is a mosque that was erected between 1631 and 1640 on the orders of Shah Jahan. It is situated near Diwan- i- Khas or Hall of Private Audience private residences of the old ruler since this mosque was his private house of prayer.

Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque)- is a Muslim house of prayer constructed in the middle of the 17th century by Shah Janan for the members of the royal court.

Nagian Masjid (Gem Mosque)- is a beautiful small white mosque designed for the women of the royal court.

Diwan- i- Khas (Hall of Private Audience)- these are private quarters of the ruler of Agra Fort. Shah met with foreign rulers and diplomats in these rooms that also contains a black throne of Jehangir.

 

Jamā Masjid (Agra)

 

Open: daily

Closed: to non- Muslims during prayers

Jama Masjid or Friday Mosque is a beautiful mosque that stands across Agra Fort. It is one of the largest mosques in Agra and all of India. Jama Masjid was erected in Shah Jahan in 1648 and dedicated to his favourite daughter Jahanara Begum (April 2 1614- September 16, 1681), also daughter of Empress Mumtaz Mahal (buried in Taj Mahal).

St John's College (Agra)

 

Mahatma Gandh Rd

Tel. (0562) 252 0123

Open: Mon- Sat

Closed: public holidays

Saint John's College is a Christian college that was established in Agra, Uttar Pradesh by the Church Missionary Society (CMS) of England in 1850 as an Agra University. It is now part of the Bhim Rao Ambedkar University.

Tomb of I'timād-Ud-Daulah (Agra)

 

East bank of Yamuna river

Open: sunrise- sunset daily

I'timād-Ud-Daulah is a tomb situated in Agra in Uttar Pradesh state in India. It stands on the east bank of Yamuna river. This building that is known as a "jewellery box" of Agra is a miniature version of Taj Mahal so it is commonly referred as a "Baby Taj" or "Little Taj".

I'timād-Ud-Daulah was constructed between 1622 and 1628 by the orders of Nur Jahan, wife of legendary Emperor Jahangir. The tomb was intended for her father Mirza Ghiyas Beg, former Amir (ruler) of Persia who was sent into an exile after he lost his throne. He was named I'timād-Ud-Daulah or "a pillar of the stte", thus his tomb got this name as well. It is a magnificent structure with the main building of a mausoleum accompanied by smaller buildings and a beautiful garden that contains the tomb of a former monarch. You can see how I'timād-Ud-Daulah burrial complex became an inspiration for the great mausoleum of Taj Mahal constructed for Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Shah Jahan and a descendant of I'timād-Ud-Daulah.

 

Chini ka Rausa (Agra)

 

Chini ka Rauza is a mausoleum that houses a tomb of Allama Afzal Khan Mullah. He was Prime Minister and an advisor of the famous Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who constructed pretty much everything of value in Agra. Allama Afzal Khan Mullah also became famous as a poet and a scholar. Tomb of Allama Afzal Khan Mullah was completed in 1635.

Tomb of Akbar the Great (Agra)

 

Location: Sikandra

Tomb of Akbar ("great" in Arabic) the Great is located in a small village of Sikandra, a suburb of Agra in India. It is dedicated to one of the most famous Mughal rulers Emperor Akbar the Great who reigned over India between 1556 and 1605. The construction of the mausoleum began while the old emperor was still alive. He himself chose a location for his final resting place. After the death of Emperor Akbar in 1605 construction of the tomb was continued by his son Emperor Dzhaganhir until it was finally finished in 1613.

Tomb of Akbar the Great is one of most beautiful Islamic buildings in the country. It consists of the main building of mausoleum and the other is a huge gate known as Buland Darwaza gate (Grandeur Gateway). It is the main entrance to the burial complex and it has four tall white minarets on four corners of the building. The tomb itself is made of red sandstone and marble. Imperial tomb that stands in the mausoleum of Emperor Akbar is actually fake. The real coffin is situated in the catacombs under the mausoleum.

Keep an eye on monkeys that inhibit local jungles. They can get quiet aggressive at times and might attack tourists who visit this travel destination.

 

Mariam's Tomb (Agra)

Tomb of Mariam or Mary is a burial site of a favourite wife of the legendary Mughal Emperor Akbar. Currently the tomb is situated in the compound of the Christian Missionary Society.

Taj Mahal (Agra)

 

Taj Mahal is a medieval burial mausoleum designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site situated in a city of Agra in Uttarakhand state of India. It was constructed in 1632- 53 by a Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. A legends states that an old emperor emperor fell in love with his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Unfortunately their love did not lost very long. She died and an unfortunate husband's hair turned white over night. He constructed a beautiful shrine to honor his beloved one and after his death he was laid to rest besides his wife.

 

Fatehpur Sikri (Agra)

 

Fatehpur Sikri was erected by Mughal Emperor Akbar who constructed it about 35 km (22 mi) from Agra. It served as an empire of the Mughal Empire between 1571 and 1585.

 

Mankameshwar Temple (Agra)

Mankameshwar Temple is an ancient temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is situated near Jama Masjid less than 1 km (0.5 miles) from Agra Fort. The temple miraculously survived Muslim invasion and was preserved despite being dedicated (technically) to a pagan god. Today it is surrounded by old bazaar or a market dating back to the Mughal Period.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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