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Location: Maharashtra State Map

Ajanta Caves

Ajanta Caves






Description of Ajanta Caves

Ajanta Caves

Ajanta Caves is a massive religious complex carved in the solid rock near a village of Adzhinta in Maharashtra State in India. Ajanta Caves consists of 30 caves cut in the cliffs of Vaghora canyons in a shape of a horseshoe. Inside the caves is  a labyrinth covered by wall paintings, frescoes with many sculptures. Paintings represent scenes from Buddhist mythology, images of various gods as well as scenes from the everyday life of people who lived here. According to historians they were created from between 2nd century BC and 600 AD by Buddhist monks who came here seek solitude and quiet nature for meditation. First caves of this Buddhist monastery were created under patronage of Satavahana dynasty, while subsequent caves were carved with the help of monarchs from the Harish Vakataka dynasty.


For reasons that were not entirely clear and still debatable Buddhist monks left their homes at Ajanta Caves and soon they were abandoned and forgotten by subsequent generations. First Europeans saw these magnificent caves only in 1819 when British officer John Smith re- discovered them, while hunting tigers in the region. You still can see graffiti that he left on a column "John Smith, April 1819". In 1983 Ajanta Caves were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.











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