Ermak Travel Guide


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Location: Uttarakhand  Map

Area: 1553 km2

Gangotri Glacier

  Gangotri Glacier








Gangotri Glacier is located in the Uttarkashi district of the Indian state of Uttarakhand, near the border with China. This glacier is the source of the Ganges River and one of the largest in the Himalayas, its volume is about 27 km³. The glacier is about 30 km long and 2–4 km wide. The glaciers are surrounded by the peaks of the Gangotri group, several of which are known for very difficult climbing routes, in particular Shivling, Thalai Sagar, Meru and Bhagirathi III. It flows northwest, starting at the highest peak of the group, Chaukhamba.

The lower end of the glacier resembles the mouth of a cow and is called Gaumukh (Goumukh or Gaumukh, from gou - “cow” and mukh - “face”). Gaumukh is located 18 km from the village of Gangotri and is the source of the Bhagirathi river, which is the beginning of the Ganges river in the upper reaches, before the confluence with Alaknanda.

The region is a traditional Hindu pilgrimage site. Swimming in the icy waters of Gangotri is considered to be a sacred ritual among them.

Like most glaciers in the world, Gangotri is now rapidly retreating.







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