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Location: Osaka, Osaka prefecture  Map

Osaka Castle

Osaka Castle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Description of Osaka Castle

Osaka Castle is a medieval castle in Osaka, Osaka prefecture in Japan.  Osaka Castle was constructed by Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1583 during the period of unification of Japan. However in the three centuries it stood inspiring awe and respect of the government. However military reforms in the 19th century made medieval style stronghold obsolete. It was demolished in 1868. Current Osaka Castle is a reconstruction of the original fortress.

 

1583: Toyotomi Hideyoshi begins to erect the castle in the area where the IkkĊ-ikki temple of Ishiyama Hongan-ji was previously. The original plan was to build a castle similar to the Azuchi Castle of Nobunaga Oda, but superior in all aspects, a 5-story main castle, with 3 extra floors below ground level, with gold leaves on the sides of the tower to impress visitors.
1585: The inner donjon is finished. Toyotomi continued to extend and expand the castle, making it more fearsome to the attackers.
1598: The works finish. Hideyoshi dies. The Osaka Castle passes to Hideyoshi's son, Toyotomi Hideyori.
1600: Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats Hideyori's army at the Battle of Sekigahara and begins his own castle in Edo.
1614: Tokugawa attacks Hideyori in the winter, beginning the Siege of Osaka.
Although the Toyotomi forces were inferior in a 2: 1 ratio, they managed to repel the 200,000 men from Tokugawa's army and protect the castle's exterior. Tokugawa tries to reduce the defenses of the castle and begins to fill the moat around the castle.

 

 

 

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