Dana Nature Reserve

Dana Nature Reserve


Location: Dana village    Map

Area: 308 km2 (119 mi2)


Description of Dana Nature Reserve

Dana Nature Reserve is located near Dana village in Jordan. Dana Nature Reserve covers an area of 308 km2 (119 mi2) of preserved biosphere that looks more like a majestic moon surface appearance. Dana Nature Reserve, founded in 1989, is the largest natural reserve in Jordan. It is a deep valley that flows into the Arava, the wadi (valley) that connects the Dead Sea with the Red Sea and is part of the Great Rift Valley. At the head of the valley is the village of Dana, starting point of the visits, halfway between the cities of Tafila and Shawbak.

The Dana Reserve has about 320 square kilometers that extend between the Quadesiyya plateau, 1,500 meters above sea level, and the Arava desert. The rocks of the staggered canyons that form the reserve include limestones, sandstones and granites.

Thanks to the situation of the valley, open to the Mediterranean, from where it obtains a certain humidity, and to the altitudinal difference, here are represented the four biogeographical zones that are presented in Jordan, the Mediterranean, the Saharo-Arabian, the Iranian-Turanian and the Sudanese. For this reason, the greatest biological diversity of the entire country is also found here.

There have been 703 species of plants, 215 species of birds and 38 species of mammals in the reserve. The most significant plants are the black sabina, the holm oak and the acacia. It is the southernmost area of ​​the world where the common cypress is found and there are at least three species of plants that are endemic and only found here. Among the animals in danger of extinction are the Nubian ibex, the little Syrian steer and the Lesser Kestrel.