Taman Negara National Park

Taman Negara National Park

Location: Pahang, Kelantan and Terengganu States Map

Area: 4,343 km²


Description of Taman Negara National Park

Taman Negara is a national park established in 1938/1939 in the Titiwangsa range area with the original name King George V National Park. After independence, it was renamed Taman Negara meaning "park". country" in Malay. The total area of this national park is 4,343 km&sup2. This national park is famous for having one of the oldest tropical rainforests in the world, estimated to be up to 130 million years old. The world's oldest rainforest belongs to the Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, Australia as it is estimated to be 135 - 180 million years old.

Taman Negara National Park is located in three states: Pahang, Kelantan and Terengganu and is managed according to each state's own laws. The largest area of the park is located in Pahang state (2,477 km²), followed by Kelantan (1,043 km²) and Terengganu (853 km²).

The national park was developed with the aim of becoming a famous eco-tourism destination in Malaysia. There are a number of geological and biodiversity attractions here. Gunung Tahan (Mount Tahan) is the highest point in Peninsular Malaysia (the Malay Peninsula part of Malaysia). The peak is a popular climbing destination, which can be started from Kuala Tahan village or Merapoh town.

The national park is home to several rare and endangered mammal species including Malayan Tigers, long-tailed macaques, Malayan Gaur, Indian elephants; Birds such as Pheasants, Red Junglefowl and a few species of Proto-Malaysian Chicken. The Tahan River is protected to preserve the Mahseer fish (in Malay kelah ikan, the common name for fish species of the genera Tor and Neolissochilus).

Other attractions found near Kuala Tahan (the park's headquarters in Pahang) include a canopy walkway, Gua Telinga (cave system), Lata Berkoh (waterfall). Visitors can enjoy the pristine landscape of tropical rainforests, watch birds or go on jungle treks or admire the view on the Tahan River.

All visitors to the park must have a permit from the Department of Wildlife and National Parks Malaysia.



Taman Negara National Park covers three states of Peninsular Malaysia. They are the states of Bagang, Klanthan and Terengganu. All the three states have enacted separate laws for Taman Negara forest areas in their state. Pahang State Taman Negara Enactment (Pahang) No. 2 of 1939, Kelantan State Taman Negara Enactment (Kelantan) No. 14 of 1938 and Terengganu State Taman Negara Enactment (Terengganu) No. 6 of 1939 has also been enacted. All these laws are the same.

First Forest: The forest located in the state of Pahang is called Taman Negara Pahang. Bagang State has an area of 2,477 square kilometers.
Second Forest: Located in the state of Klanthan. It is called Taman Negara Kelantan. The area of Klanthan State is 1,043 square kilometers.
Third Forest: Located in Terengganu state. It is called Taman Negara Terengganu. The area of Terengganu state is 853 square kilometers.


Eco tourism

In recent times, Taman Negara has become a popular ecotourism destination in Malaysia. Daman Negara has many fascinating geological and biological centers. It is also home to Mount Gunong Dagan, the highest point in Peninsular Malaysia. Trekkers can start treks from Kola Dagan, Merapo.

Rare mammals
Taman Negara Park is home to 10,000 species of plants, 150,000 species of insects, 25,000 species of invertebrates, 675 species of birds, 270 species of reptiles, 250 species of freshwater fish and 200 species of mammals. Some of them are very rare.

Many rare species of mammals and birds have been found in Taman Negara. Malaysian tiger, crab-eating macaque, Sumatran rhinoceros, Malayan Gaur, Asian elephant etc. are notable. Some of the rarest birds include the Great Argus, Red Junglefowl, and the Malayan Peacock-Pheasant.

Rare Peacock Carps
There is a rare species of fish in Dagan River called Beli Meen (English: Malaysian Mahseer; Malay: Ikan Kelah). These are maintained very securely. They are also called peacock carp. This type of fish is found in the rivers of Malaysia, Indonesia, and South Asia.

In Taman Negara, hunting, fishing and damaging vegetation is considered a crime by law. Daman Negara has its head office in Kola Takan. There is also a Canopy Walkway, Kua Telinga Cave Tunnel and Latta Peko Waterfall.

Malaya Railway Company
Anyone wishing to enter Taman Negara must obtain a permit from the Wildlife and National Parks Department. Taman Negara can be reached via KTM train service and buses. KTM Those using the bus service should alight at Gerandut and proceed to Taman Negara.

KTM Means Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM). Those traveling to Taman Negara by bus will need to travel from the capital city of Kuala Lumpur to Gerandut. It is a three-hour journey. Then, from there you have to go by boat to Kola Dagan Pattinam. It is a two and a half hour journey.

Taman Negara, home to the world's oldest tropical rainforest, is home to thousands of wildlife.



Taman Negara is located between the borders of 3 states namely Pahang, Terengganu, and Kelantan, each of which has its own area. National Park Enactment (Pahang) No.2 in 1939 was made for Pahang, National Park Enactment (Kelantan) No.14 in 1938 for Kelantan, and National Park Enactment (Terengganu) No.6 in 1939 for Terengganu. All enactments have the same content.

Pahang National Park is the largest with an area of 2,477 km², followed by Kelantan National Park with an area of 1,043 km², and Terengganu National Park with an area of 853 km².

This park has become a famous eco-tourism destination in Malaysia. There are many geological and biological attractions in this park. Mount Tahan is the highest point in Peninsular Malaysia located in National Park, climbers can use Kuala Tahan or Merapoh as the starting point of the climbing expedition. The National Park has many rare and endangered mammals such as tigers, tenuks, elephants, deer, wild boars, hummingbirds, and wildebeest. Sungai Tahan became a habitat for Kelah Fish, a type of competition fish.

Other attractions can be found in Kuala Tahan (the main point of Taman Negara in Pahang) including the canopy walkway, Cave Telinga, and Lata Berkoh. Visitors can enjoy the beauty of the tropical rainforest, the chirping of birds, or cross the forest (for example: Tenor Rintis) and the view of the river when passing Sungai Tahan.

All visitors must obtain permission/permits from the Department of Wildlife Protection and National Parks before setting foot in the National Park. There are many hostels and hotels in this park.

Tourists to the National Park can also choose to participate in fishing activities, especially in Lata Berkoh and Sungai Kenyam. There are 300 species of fish mainly from the carp family such as kelisa fish, kelah fish, and many others found in the rivers of the National Park. Tourists can also rent boats for fishing and water sports activities.



The entrance to the National Park is Kuala Tembeling which is connected to Kuala Lumpur, Singapore and Kota Bharu (via Tumpat) by railway. Trains from these stations stop at Tembeling Halt, about half an hour away from Kuala Tembeling jetty by car.

The main entrance to Taman Negara is via Kuala Tembeling where visitors can board a sampan that departs at 9.00am and 3pm daily (except Fridays when the boat departs at 2.30pm), on a 3-hour journey to to Kuala Tahan. Mutiara Taman Negara Resort also provides a speedboat service that only takes 45 minutes to reach Kuala Tahan. This speedboat departs from Kuala Tembeling at 10.30am and 1.30pm every day. The easiest way to get to Taman Negara is either through Jerantut on the land trip which takes 3 hours from Kuala Lumpur. If you drive a four-wheel drive vehicle, you can use the logging road to Kuala Tahan where you need to take a boat across the Tahan River to enter the National Park.

Buses and taxis
Taxi service to Jerantut is available from Puduraya Bus Station in Kuala Lumpur. You can also take a bus to Jerantut which can be found at Jalan Tun Razak Bus Station in Kuala Lumpur. From Jerantut, you can take a local bus or taxi to Kuala Tembeling.


In the media

The National Park was the subject of the 1998 documentary film, National Park: A Natural Destination produced by Film Negara Malaysia.