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Minneriya National Park

 

 

 

Location: North Central Province      Map

Area: 8,889 ha

 

 

 

Description of Minneriya National Park

 

Minneriya National Park is located in North Central Province of Sri Lanka. Minneriya National Park covers an area of 8,889 ha. Open grasslands of this park is a favorite tourist destination for safari. Numerous elephants, several species of monkeys, leopards, sloth bears and many other endemic animals stroll through without fear of humans and their cars.

 

 

 

weather
Located in the arid region of Sri Lanka, Minneria National Park has an average rainfall of 1,500–2,000 millimeters (59–79 in). The lowest temperature and highest of the park are 20.6 ° C (69.1 ° F) and 34.5 ° C (94.1 ° F), respectively. The wet season lasts from October to January during the North Eastern monsoon and May to September is considered as the dry season.

Flora and fauna
Arjuna tree, khirni (Manilkara hexandra), neem, peepal and puppet are commonly found in the vicinity of the Minneria tank. Chloroxylon switania, Beria cordifolia, Duryapetes sapieria, etc. are the major plant species of Minneria. Eucalyptus and teak plants established by the Department of Forest Conservation can be seen within the garden. Monocot and grass species include Bambusa bambos, Imperata cylindrica and Phoenix pusilla.

Special fauna species of the National Park include 24 species of mammals, 160 species of birds, 9 species of amphibians, 25 species of reptiles, 26 species of fish and 75 species of butterflies. The park is an important habitat for two endemic monkeys of Sri Lanka: violet-feiste langur and torque macaque. Rare and endangered species such as Sri Lankan leopards and Sri Lankan sloth bears live in Minneria. Minneria is one of the areas where gray spender loris are found in Sri Lanka.

Minneria is a hostel for many resident and migratory bird species. Apart from the endemic birds Sri Lanka Junglefowl, Sri Lanka Parrot, Black-crested Bulbul, Sri Lanka Gray Hornbill, Crimson-front Barbet, Great White Pelican, Ruddy Turnstone, Gray Heron, etc. The number of threatened birds recorded from this national park is 11. Saltwater crocodiles, Indian pythons, Asian water monitors and Bengal monitors are among the reptiles. Four of the freshwater fish recorded from Minneria are endemic to Sri Lanka.

During the dry season grasslands on the banks of the reservoir attract large numbers of Sri Lankan elephants. The Minneria tank contributes to maintaining a large herd. Elephants gathered here number around 150-200. They settle here from the Vasgamuwa National Park and benefit from the food and shelter of the forest of the park. Tourists visit Minneria due to elephants, especially in the dry season.

 

 

 

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