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Wilpattu National Park



Location: North Western, North Central Provinces   Map

Area: 131,667 ha




Description of Wilpattu National Park


Wilpattu National Park is situated in North Western and North Central Provinces of Sri Lanka. Wilpattu National Park covers an area of 131,667 ha or 1085 sq km. It is the largest national park in the country and boast a large population of Asian elephants, leopards, peacocks, mongooses, spotted deer, sloth bears, wild pigs, crocodiles and many other animals.




The Mahavansh records that Prince Vijay descended at Tambapani in 543 BCE which is now known as Kudrimalai Point (Horse Point). He married Kuveni and founded the Sinhala nation. In 1905 the area was designated a sanctuary and in 1938 it was elevated to the status of a national park.

The annual rainfall is around 1000 millimeters and the annual temperature is around 27.2 degrees. The pre-monsoon in March and the northeast monsoon (December - February) are the main sources of rain.

Flora and fauna
Wilpattu is situated in the lower arid region of Sri Lanka's northwest coast. Many types of vegetation are found in Wilpattu. 31 species of mammals have been identified within the Wilpattu National Park. Mammals such as elephant, leopard, sloth bear, buffalo, mongoose and small cormorants, Sri Lankan junglefowl, owl, Mahasayan, Indian peacock, crested snake eagle, purple heron , Pintail (Anas acuta), spoonbill, black-headed ibis, cuckoo etc. birds also live here. Mugger crocodiles, monitor lizards (Varanus benghalensis), Indian cobras and flap-shelled turtles are common reptiles in the park.




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