Hosn Suleiman (Khikhi temple) Archaeological Site حصن سليمان

Hosn Suleiman is an ancient archaeological site situated in Tartus Governorate of Syria. The closest cities to this site are Dreikish situated 20 km away and large city of Tartous at a distance of 56 km.




Location: Tartus Governorate Map


History of Hosn Suleiman Archaeological Site

Hosn Suleiman Archaeological Site also known as Khikhi temple or Sisi House was probably constructed in 2000 BC by people from Canaanite. The settlement site was chosen strategically. Situated on the slope of the Alnabi Alsaleh mountain at an altitude of 950 meters above sea level it commanded surrounding plains. Residents of Hosn Suleiman dedicated central temple to their top god Baal. The cult of this pagan deity was famous for human sacrifices in time of wars, plagues, starvations and other difficulties. Hosn Suleiman became part of the Persian Empire around 539 BC. A local stream was dedicated to goddess Astarte. In the late 4th century BC the Persians kingdom fell to the Greeks and Hosn Suleiman became part of the Hellenistic World as part of the Seleucid Empire. In the 64 BC Hosn Suleiman became part of the Roman Republic and later Roman Empire. It saw significant increase of the city and complexity of its city plan. In the Byzantine period a Christian Church was constructed within city limits.