Ermak Travel Guide

 

 

Apollonia

Apollonia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Apollonia

Apollonia

Location: District Fir
Ardenitsa Monastery is located just a few meters from the ancient ruins of the city

Apollonia, an ancient city in Illyria, was founded in 588 BC. Greek colonists from the city of Corinth and Corfu. It was originally known as Girakia in honor of the colonist leader Giraks. The name was later changed to honor the memory of the god Apollo. Apollonia lay on the territory of Tavlantia, a group of Illyrian tribes, which for a long time were closely associated with the settlement and lived in peace with the Greek colonists. Today, only ruins of the city remain, but in ancient times it was a large city in the delta of the Aous River, the modern name of Vrose.

The Greeks were able to find a common language with the local Illyrian tribes Tavlantia. Even the great Greek philosopher Aristotle cited Apollonia as an example of peaceful coexistence. The descendants of the colonists were able to form an oligarchy, which peacefully ruled mostly Illyrian population. He is mentioned by Strabo in his book on Geography as an “extremely well-managed city.” Aristotle considered Apollonia to be an important example of the oligarchic system, since the descendants of the Greek colonists controlled the city and controlled a large serf population of predominantly Illyrian origin. Apollonia got rich on the slave trade and local agriculture, as well as at the expense of a large harbor, which was allegedly able to receive several hundred ships. Apollonia also used a local stockpile of asphalt, which was a valuable commodity in ancient times, for example, for the construction of ships. The remains of the temple of the late sixth century, located near the city, were registered in 2006; it is only the fifth famous stone temple found in modern Albania. During Roman rule, Apollonia continued to grow. The future Roman emperor Octavian Augustus spent several years and studied with Afenodora from Tarsus. It was he who received the news of the murder of Julius Caesar in Rome.

 

 

 

Apollonia

During the early Byzantine period, Apollonia remained an important trading center of the empire. His bishops participated in the First Ecumenical Council in Ephesus in 431 and in the Cathedral of Kalkedon in 451. However, a series of earthquakes in the 3rd and 4th centuries A.D. changed the course of the river Aous. The port has become shallow and overgrown. The swamp that formed was a great breeding ground for the anopheles mosquito. Soon the city froze. Those who did not know how to leave the infection left and Apollonia was abandoned. The first archaeological excavations were carried out during the First World War. However, they were not carried out to the end. Since then, many black archaeologists have visited the ruins and stole everything they could. However, large ruins remained. Fortunately, this was not crazy enough, so there is something to see.

 

Apollonia

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips